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Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon, (Saint-Germaine-en-Laye, 18 November 1674 – Bourbon, 15 September 1681) was the illegitimate daughter of Légitimée de France, Mademoiselle de Tours Louis XIV of France and his most famous , Maîtresse-en-titre Madame de Montespan. She died in infancy.
Biography [ edit ]
Louis Marie Anne de Bourbon was born at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 18 November 1674. She was the couple's third daughter and their fifth child. She was legitimised by her father Louis XIV in January 1676 at the age of almost two. Her parents affectionately dubbed her Toutou after her title.
After her birth, her care was entrusted into the hands of
Madame Scarron who had taken care of her older siblings in a house bought for them by their father on the Rue de Vaugirard, then in the suburbs of Paris. Known as Louise Marie, she was born after the official separation of Madame de Montespan and her legal husband.
After her legitimisation in 1676, she gained the style of
Mademoiselle de Tours from the town of Tours in France. Growing up in Paris, she was adored by her oldest sister Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, who was known as Mademoiselle de Nantes. Some three years after her birth, she was joined by another sister, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon – future wife of Philippe d'Orléans Régent of France. Then in 1678 her last full brother was born at Clagny, Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon. The latter two were made legitimate in November 1681.
She was known as Mademoiselle de Tours till her premature death in 1681, at the age of six.
She died at Bourbon-l'Archambault. Her father who was at
Fontainebleau ordered that his beloved daughter be buried at the tomb of the Dukes of Bourbon.
After her death, writing to the
duc du Maine, her mother said:
I do not speak to you of my grief, you are naturally too good not to have experienced it for yourself. As for Mademoiselle de Nantes, she has felt it as deeply as if she were twenty and has received the visitis of the Queen and Madame la Dauphine
Her mother was said to have been badly affected by her death but was unable to attend the child's funeral, which occurred four days after her death, as a result of being otherwise engaged with the
incarceration of the duc de Lauzun.
Siblings [ edit ]
Siblings and Family
Full siblings – by Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart, marquise de Montespan (5 October 1641 – 27 May 1707)
Louise Françoise de Bourbon
at the end of March, 1669
23 February 1672
, Louis-Auguste de Bourbon duc du Maine 31 March 1670
14 May 1736
Legitimised on 20 December 1673. Held numerous offices, of which:
Colonel-Général des Suisses et des Grisons, Governor of Languedoc, Général des Galères, and Grand-Maître de l'Artillerie. Was also duc d'Aumale, comte d'Eu and prince de Dombes. Had issue with Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon. Founder of the House of Bourbon-du Maine.
, Louis-César de Bourbon comte de Vexin, abbé de Saint-Denis et de Saint-Germain-des-Prés 20 June 1672
10 January 1683
Legitimised on 20 December 1673.
, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon Mlle de Nantes, duchesse de Bourbon, princesse de Condé 1 June 1673
16 June 1743
Legitimised on 20 December 1673. Married
Louis de Bourbon, duc d'Enghien, (later duc de Bourbon, and then prince de Condé). Had issue.
Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon, Mlle de Tours 12 November 1674
15 September 1681
Legitimised in January 1676.
, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon Mlle de Blois, duchesse d'Orléans 9 February 1677
1 February 1749
Legitimised in November 1681. Married
Philippe d'Orléans, duc de Chartres, (later duc d'Orléans), the Regent of France under Louis XV. Had issue.
, Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon comte de Toulouse 6 June 1678
1 December 1737
Legitimised on 22 November 1681. Held numerous offices, of which:
Admiral of France, Governor of Guyenne, Governor of Brittany, and Grand-Veneur de France. Was also duc de Damville, de Rambouillet et de Penthièvre. Had issue. Founder of the House of Bourbon-Toulouse.
Paternal legitimate half-siblings – by Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche, Infanta of Spain, Queen of France and of Navarre (20 September 1638 – 30 July 1683)
Louis of France, le Grand Dauphin 1 November 1661
14 April 1711
Fils de France. Dauphin of France (1661–1711). Had issue. Father of Louis, duc de Bourgogne (later Dauphin of France), Philippe, duc d'Anjou (later King of Spain) and Charles, duc de Berry. Grandfather of Louis, duc d'Anjou (later Dauphin, and then King of France)
Princess Anne Élisabeth of France 18 November 1662
30 December 1662
Fille de France. Died in infancy.
Princess Marie Anne of France 16 November 1664
26 December 1664 (?)
Fille de France. Died in infancy or became Louise Marie-Therese (The Black Nun of Moret).
, Princess Marie Thérèse of France Madame Royale 2 January 1667
1 March 1672
Fille de France. Known as Madame Royale and la Petite Madame
Philippe Charles of France duc d'Anjou 5 August 1668
10 July 1671
Fils de France.
Louis-François of France, duc d'Anjou 14 June 1672
4 November 1672
Fils de France. Died in infancy.
Paternal illegitimate half-siblings – by Louise-Françoise de La Baume Le Blanc, duchesse de La Vallière et de Vaujours (6 August 1644 – 6 June 1710)
Charles de Bourbon 19 December 1663
15 July 1665
Philippe de Bourbon 7 January 1665
, Marie Anne de Bourbon Mlle de Blois, duchesse de La Vallière, princesse de Conti 2 October 1666
3 May 1739
Legitimised on 14 May 1667. Married
Louis Armand de Bourbon, prince de Conti.
, Louis de Bourbon comte de Vermandois 3 October 1667
18 November 1683
Legitimised on 20 February 1669. Held the office of
Admiral of France.
Paternal illegitimate half-siblings – by Claude de Vin, Mademoiselle des Oeillets (c. 1637 – 18 May 1687)
Louise de Maisonblanche 1676
12 September 1718
In 1696 she married Bernard de Prez, Baron de La Queue.
by Marie Angelique de Scorailles, Duchess de Fontanges (1661 – 28 June 1681)
Maternal legitimate half-siblings – by Louis Henri de Pardaillan de Gondrin, Marquis of Montespan (1640 – 1 December 1691)
Marie-Christine de Pardaillan de Gondrin
died in childhood.
Louis Antoine de Pardaillan de Gondrin, marquis d'Antin, Gondrin and Montespan later duc d'Antin Paris, 5 September 1665
Paris, 2 November 1736
married Julie Françoise de Crussol d'Uzès and had issue.
Titles, styles, honours and arms [ edit ]
Titles and styles [ edit ]
18 November 1674 – January, 1676 Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon
January, 1676–15 September 1682 Her Highness  Mademoiselle de Tours
Ancestry [ edit ]
Ancestors of Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon
Antoine of Navarre
Henry IV of France
Jeanne III of Navarre
Louis XIII of France
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Marie de' Medici
Joanna of Austria
Louis XIV of France
Philip II of Spain and I of Portugal
Philip III of Spain and II of Portugal
Anna of Austria
Anne of Austria
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Margaret of Austria
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon
24. René de Rochechouart, seigneur de Mortemart
12. Gaspard de Rochechouart, marquis de Mortemart
25. Jeanne de Saulx de Tavannes
Gabriel de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart
26. Charles, comte de Maure
13. Louise de Maure, comtesse de Maure
27. Diane de Pérusse des Cars, princesse de Carency
Madame de Montespan
28. Pierre de Grandsaigne, seigneur de La Flotte
14. Jean de Grandseigne, marquis de Marsillac
29. Françoise Baillard
7. Diane de Grandseigne
30. François de La Béraudière, seigneur de Villechèze
15. Catherine de La Béraudière, dame de Villenon
31. Anne Adrienne Frotier
References [ edit ]
^ Athénaïs:The Real Queen of France by Lisa Hilton, p201
^ ib. Spanheim, Ézéchiel, pp. 100–105, 323–327.