Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret)
Louise Marie-Thérèse also known as The Negroid Nun of Moret (16 November 1664 – 1732) was a French nun, the subject of accounts from the 18th century, where she is claimed to be the daughter of the Queen of France, Maria Theresa of Spain. Her existence is mentioned in several different sources.
The Black Nun of Moret, Louise Marie-Thérèse (1664–1732) was a Benedictine nun in the abbey of Moret-sur-Loing. She was called the "Mauresse de Moret" ("Mooress of Moret"), and a portrait of her exists in the Bibliothèque Sainte Geneviève in Paris. Research done by the Société de l'histoire de Paris et d'Ile-de-France, published in 1924 by Honoré Champion éditions, concluded that this pastel portrait was painted around 1680 by the same hand which painted the series of twenty-two pastel portraits of Kings of France, from Louis IX to Louis XIV, between 1681 to 1683 on the initiative of Father Claude Du Molinet (1620–1687), librarian of Sainte Geneviève abbey. No less than 6 writers from the time have devoted paragraphs to her: she is mentioned in the memoirs of Madame de Maintenon, the Grande Mademoiselle, Madame de Montespan, Duke of Saint-Simon, Voltaire and Cardinal Dubois.
Shortly after the death of the French Queen Maria Theresa of Spain in 1683, wife of Louis XIV, courtiers said that this woman could be the daughter, allegedly black, that the Queen gave birth to in 1664. The nun herself seemed convinced of her royal birth, and Saint-Simon states that she once greeted the Dauphin as "my brother". A letter sent on June 13, 1685, by the Secretary of the House of King to Mister De Bezons, general agent of the clergy, and the pension of 300 pounds granted by King Louis XIV to the nun Louise Marie-Thérèse on October 15, 1695, "to be paid to her all her life in this convent or everywhere she could be, by the guards of the Royal treasure present and to come" are evidence for this view. She died at Moret-sur-Loing.
- Mémoirs of the Duchess of Montpensier Vol. 2, VII;
- Memoirs of Madame de Montespan, Ch. XL;
- Memoirs of the Duc de Saint-Simon (1675-1755) Vol 2, Ch. XII
- Honoré Champion, ed. (1924). Mémoires de la Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Île-de-France (in French) 47. Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Ile-de-France (France).