Louise McKinney

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Louise McKinney
Louise McKinney 1917.jpeg
Louise McKinney in 1917
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
In office
7 June 1917 (1917-06-07) – 18 July 1921 (1921-07-18)
Preceded byWilliam Moffat
Succeeded byThomas Milnes
Personal details
Louise Crummy

(1868-09-22)22 September 1868
Frankville, Ontario
Died10 July 1931(1931-07-10) (aged 61)
Claresholm, Alberta
Political partyNon-Partisan League
James McKinney
(m. 1896)
Children1 son
OccupationWomen's rights activist and politician

Louise McKinney (née Crummy; 22 September 1868 – 10 July 1931) was a Canadian politician and women's rights activist from Alberta, Canada. She was the first woman sworn into the Legislative Assembly of Alberta and the first woman elected to a legislature in the British Empire. She served in the Alberta legislature from 1917 to 1921 as a member of the Non-Partisan League. Later she was one of the Famous Five who campaigned successfully for the right of Canadian women to be appointed to the Senate. A former schoolteacher and temperance organizer, she came to Alberta in 1903 as a homesteader.[2]

Political career[edit]

Full view of statue, Calgary, Alberta

McKinney ran for a seat to the Alberta Legislature in the 1917 Alberta general election. She won the electoral district of Claresholm as a candidate for the Non-Partisan League by defeating Liberal incumbent William Moffat.[3] She was one of two women elected to the Legislative Assembly that year, the other being Roberta MacAdams.

McKinney spoke out in favour of temperance, education, stronger liquor control, government ownership of grain elevators and flour mills, women's property rights and adoption of, and reform to, the Dower Act.

She ran for a second term in the 1921 Alberta general election as a member of the United Farmers. She was defeated by Independent Farmer candidate Thomas Milnes.[4]

McKinney was one of The Famous Five,[5] along with Irene Parlby, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Emily Murphy and Nellie McClung

Late life and honours[edit]

McKinney died at Claresholm, Alberta, in 1931, just two years after the Persons Case victory.[6] In 1939, she was recognized as a Person of National Historic Significance by the government of Canada. A plaque commemorating this is on display at the post office in Claresholm.[7] The Persons Case was recognized as a Historic Event in 1997.[8] In October 2009, the Senate voted to name McKinney and the other members of the Famous Five Canada's first "honorary senators".[9]


  1. ^ "The Canadian Parliamentary Companion". 1921.
  2. ^ Sanderson, Kay (1999). 200 Remarkable Alberta Women. Calgary: Famous Five Foundation. p. 19. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Election results for Claresholm, 1917 (Alberta general election)". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Election results for Claresholm, 1921 (Alberta general election)". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  5. ^ Kome, Penney (1985). Women of Influence: Canadian Women and Politics (1st ed.). Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 31–32. ISBN 978-0-385-23140-4.
  6. ^ "The Famous 5 Heroes for Today: Louise McKinney". Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  7. ^ McKinney, Louise National Historic Person. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada.
  8. ^ Persons Case National Historic Event. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada.
  9. ^ "Alberta's Famous Five named honorary senators". The Globe and Mail. 11 October 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2015.

External links[edit]