Louise Moillon

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Louise Moillon
Born
Louise Moillon

1609
DiedDecember 21, 1696(1696-12-21) (aged 86)
NationalityFrance
Known forPainting
MovementBaroque
At the Market Stall

Louise Moillon (1610–1696) was a French painter in the Baroque era. She became known as one of the best still life painters during her time.[1] Her work was purchased by King Charles I of England, as well as the French nobility.[2]

Early life[edit]

Moillon was born into a strict Calvinist family in Paris in 1609 or 1610.[2][3] She was one of seven children, one of whom was also a painter named Isaac Moillon[4]; her father, Nicolas, was a landscape and portrait painter and an art dealer, and her mother, Marie Gilbert, was a daughter of a goldsmith.[5][6][3] Moillon learned to paint from her father, however he died when she was 10 years old. The following year, Moillon's mother married another painter and art dealer, Francois Garnier. Garnier gave Moillon art lessons and continued her art education.[7]

Moillon's family lived in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés neighbourhood of Paris, an area with many Protestant refugees from the Netherlands, including artists. These artists introduced Moillon to their traditional style of still life painting, which influenced the development of her particular style.[8]

Paintings[edit]

Fruit basket with asparagus, 1630.

Moillon specialized in still-life painting exclusively.[3] Her fruit or flowers on a table are sometimes accompanied by a human figure.[5] Her work is characterized by stillness and acute detail, such as the texture of exotic fruit glowingly displayed against a dark background.[5] That she was highly regarded by her contemporaries is demonstrated by the writing of Georges de Scudéry (1646) who placed her name alongside the still-life painters Jacques Linard and Peter van Boucle (Pieter van Boeckel), comparing all three to Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian.[3] In 1641, she collaborated with Boucle and Linard on a large composition of fruit and flowers.[2] The majority of Moillon's paintings was executed in the 1630s, before her marriage in 1640 to Parisian timber merchant Etienne Girardot de Chancourt.[9] Her last dated work is from 1674.[2]

Approximately forty of her paintings survive today, most of which are signed Louyse Moillon.[10] Four still-life paintings, once thought to be Moillon's, have now been reattributed to Osias Beert, a Flemish still life artist.[11]

Mollion died of heart failure in 1696.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Norton Simon Museum, Louise Moillon". Web Catalog. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Bornemisza, Museo Thyssen. "Museo Thyssen Bornemisza". www.museothyssen.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  3. ^ a b c d Gaze, Delia, ed. (1997). Dictionary of Women Artists, vol. 2. London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 972–974. ISBN 1884964214.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "Moillon, Louise or Louyse | Benezit Dictionary of Artists". doi:10.1093/benz/9780199773787.001.0001/acref-9780199773787-e-00123931. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  5. ^ a b c "Web Gallery of Art, searchable fine arts image database". www.wga.hu. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  6. ^ "Louise Moillon - French Still Life Painter". about.com: Women's History.
  7. ^ "Louise Moillon (1610-1696) | Musée virtuel du Protestantisme". www.museeprotestant.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  8. ^ "Louise Moillon | National Museum of Women in the Arts". nmwa.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  9. ^ "Louise Moillon". Renowned Art.com.
  10. ^ Louyse Moillon in the RKD
  11. ^ "Moiloon, Louise". Web Gallery of Art.