Louise Moillon

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Louise Moillon
Louise Moillon - At the Market Stall - WGA16074.jpg
At the Market Stall
Born Louise Moillon
1609
Paris
Died December 21, 1696(1696-12-21) (aged 86)
Paris
Nationality France
Known for Painting
Movement Baroque

Louise Moillon (1609–1696) was a French painter in the Baroque era. She became known as one of the best still life painters during her time.[1] Her work was purchased by King Charles I of England, as well as the French nobility.[2]

Early life[edit]

Moillon was born into a strict Calvinist family in Paris in 1609.[2] She was one of seven children; her father, Nicolas, was a landscape and portrait painter and an art dealer, and her mother was Marie Gilbert.[3][4] Moillon learned to paint from her father, however he died when she was 10 years old. The following year, Moillon's mother married another painter and art dealer, Francois Garnier. Garnier gave Moillon art lessons and continued her art education.[5]

Moillon's family lived in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés neighbourhood of Paris, an area with many Protestant refugees from the Netherlands, including artists. These artists introduced Moillon to their traditional style of still life painting, which influenced the development of her particular style.[6]

Paintings[edit]

Fruit basket with asparagus, 1630.

Moillon specialised in still-life paintings, usually of fruit or flowers, with an occasional human figure.[3] Her work is characterised by stillness and acute detail, such as the texture of exotic fruit.[3]

The majority of her work was done in the 1630s, before her marriage in 1640 to wealthy timber merchant Etienne Girardot de Chancourt.[7] In 1641, however, she painted a large composition of fruit and flowers in collaboration with Pieter van Boekel (Pierre van Boucle) and Jacques Linard.[2] Her last dated work is from 1674.[2]

Approximately forty of her paintings survive today, most of which are signed Louyse Moillon.[8] Four still-life paintings, once thought to be Moillon's, have now been reattributed to Osias Beert, a Flemish still life artist.[9]

Mollion died of heart failure in 1696.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Norton Simon Museum, Louise Moillon". Web Catalog. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Bornemisza, Museo Thyssen. "Museo Thyssen Bornemisza". www.museothyssen.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b c "Web Gallery of Art, searchable fine arts image database". www.wga.hu. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  4. ^ "Louise Moillon - French Still Life Painter". about.com: Women's History. 
  5. ^ "Louise Moillon (1610-1696) | Musée virtuel du Protestantisme". www.museeprotestant.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  6. ^ "Louise Moillon | National Museum of Women in the Arts". nmwa.org. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  7. ^ "Louise Moillon". Renowned Art.com. 
  8. ^ Louyse Moillon in the RKD
  9. ^ "Moiloon, Louise". Web Gallery of Art.