Louisiana Highway 66

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Louisiana Highway 66 marker

Louisiana Highway 66
Tunica Trace
Route of LA 66 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by Louisiana DOTD
Length: 19.620 mi[1] (31.575 km)
Existed: 1955 renumbering – present
Tourist
routes:
Louisiana scenic byways.pngLouisiana Scenic Byways:
Tunica Trace Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West end: Begin state maintenance at Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola
East end: US 61 north of St. Francisville
Location
Parishes: West Feliciana
Highway system
  • Louisiana Highway System
US 65 LA 67
SR 123 SR 124 SR 125

Louisiana Highway 66 (LA 66) is a state highway located in southeastern Louisiana. It runs 19.62 miles (31.58 km) in a general east–west direction from the main entrance of the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola to a junction with U.S. Highway 61 (US 61) north of St. Francisville.

LA 66 winds through the scenic Tunica Hills of West Feliciana Parish and connects the prison facility with US 61, the main highway through the area. It is also steeped in history as the route is derived from an ancient Native American portage known as the Tunica Trace. The surrounding area contains burial mounds and other artifacts recalling this heritage. More recent historical sites include the antebellum Trudeau plantation located on the former site of a Tunica Indian village.

Several small rural communities are also located along LA 66, including Tunica, Retreat, and Weyanoke. LA 66 was designated in the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering, replacing former State Route 124. The route is also designated as the Tunica Trace Scenic Byway in the state's system of tourist routes known as the Louisiana Scenic Byways.

Route description[edit]

From the west, LA 66 begins at the main entrance to the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, formerly the site of a 19th Century plantation now within the boundaries of the prison. The maximum security facility is located within a bend of Mississippi River in the northwestern corner of West Feliciana Parish near the Mississippi state line. LA 66 heads southeast through a thickly wooded rural area and passes through the tiny community of Tunica. The highway then curves to the northeast, passing between the north and south tracts of the Tunica Hills Wildlife Management Area.[2][3][4]

After reaching a point about one mile (1.6 km) from the state line in an area known as Retreat, LA 66 curves back to the southeast and intersects LA 969, which connects to Pincknyville, Mississippi. LA 66 maintains this general trajectory for the remainder of its route. Over the next 4.6 miles (7.4 km), the highway passes through the sparsely populated areas of Turnbull and Weyanoke before intersecting LA 968. This minor route leads to a point on the bank of the Mississippi River called Brandon.[2][3][4]

LA 66 continues for another 6.4 miles (10.3 km) roughly following the east side of the serpentine Little Bayou Sara. It then bends eastward to cross the main branch of Bayou Sara, also known as Big Bayou Sara, by way of a pony truss bridge dating to the 1940s. LA 66 proceeds a short distance further to a junction with US 61 in the community of Bains. US 61 connects with Baton Rouge, the state capital, via St. Francisville to the south and Natchez, Mississippi to the north.[2][3][4]

Route classification and data[edit]

LA 66 is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length.[2] The route is classified as a rural major collector by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (La DOTD). Daily traffic volume in 2013 averaged 1,960 vehicles near the state penitentiary entrance, increasing to a peak 4,200 vehicles near the junction with US 61.[5] The posted speed limit is 55 mph (90 km/h).[2]

The entire route of LA 66 is known as the Tunica Trace Scenic Byway in the state-designated system of tourist routes known as the Louisiana Scenic Byways.[6]

History[edit]

Pre-1955 route numbering[edit]

State Route 124
Location: AngolaBains
Length: 20.2 mi[7] (32.5 km)
Existed: 1926–1955

In the original Louisiana Highway system in use between 1921 and 1955, LA 66 was designated as State Route 124.[7] It was an addition to the system that was designated in 1926 by an act of the state legislature.[8]

Route 124. Beginning at Baines[sic] Station, Parish of West Feliciana on Route No. 3, thence running in a northwesterly direction to the town of Tunica, Louisiana, thence to Angola State Farm, and along the line as surveyed by the State Highway Commissioner.
— 1926 legislative route description[8]

The Angola State Farm, now Louisiana State Penitentiary, began operations in the early 1900s. Its location was formerly the site of several 19th Century plantations on the east bank of the Mississippi River in West Feliciana Parish. The addition of Route 124 created a state-maintained access road from the prison to the main highway through the area, State Route 3, which became part of US 61 later the same year.[9][10] Route 124 followed the existing Tunica Trace, an old Native American pathway that wound through the area's hilly terrain.[11] A straighter path connecting more directly with the important town of St. Francisville was plotted and added to the state highway system in 1928 as State Route 325.[8][12] However, it was never fully improved as a through route.

Route 124 was an unimproved dirt road when originally designated in 1926. The entire route was gravel surfaced by 1929[13][14] and then paved a decade later, in 1939.[15][16] For most of its existence, Route 124 continued further into the prison grounds than the present LA 66. This extension paralleled the Louisiana and Arkansas Railway line which once traversed the property and crossed the Mississippi River by ferry into Pointe Coupee Parish.[17] The route was truncated to its present terminus around 1953, shortly before the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering.[18][19]

Post-1955 route history[edit]

LA 66 was created in 1955 as a direct renumbering of former Route 124.[20][21]

La 66—From a point at or near the Angola Penal Farm through or near Tunica and Weynoke[sic] to a junction with La-US 61 at or near Baines[sic].
— 1955 legislative route description[20]

Since then, the route has remained unchanged apart from reconstruction projects over the years which have straightened some of its sharper curves by cutting into the terrain.[3][22] This is especially evident in Tunica, where a bypassed curve still exists as Crescent Road, and in the area immediately west of LA 969. The junction with US 61 has also been moved 0.2 miles (0.32 km) to the north with Parish Road 265 now following the original alignment there.

In 1988, the entire route of LA 66 was designated by the state legislature as the Tunica Trace Scenic Byway within the Louisiana Scenic Byways program.[11] It was officially opened as a scenic route in October of that year with a dedication ceremony that included a representative of the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe.[23] The government of West Feliciana Parish also changed the highway's local name from the generic "Angola Road" to "Tunica Trace" to highlight the route's history.[24]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire highway is in West Feliciana Parish.

Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Angola 0.000 0.000 Begin state maintenance at Louisiana State Penitentiary entrance Western terminus; located 0.1 miles (0.16 km) from Tunica
Retreat 7.122 11.462 LA 969 – Pincknyville Southern terminus of LA 969
  11.741 18.895 LA 968 Eastern terminus of LA 968
  18.121–
18.255
29.163–
29.379
Bridge over Bayou Sara
Bains 19.620 31.575 US 61 – Baton Rouge, Natchez Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "La DOTD GIS Data". Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. September 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Google (November 13, 2015). "Overview Map of LA 66" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development Office of Multimodal Planning (February 2012). West Feliciana Parish (PDF) (Map). Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development Office of Multimodal Planning (February 2012). District 61: Official Control Section Map / Construction and Maintenance (PDF) (Map). Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  5. ^ "La DOTD GIS". Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Tunica Trace Scenic Byway". America's Scenic Byways. Retrieved November 13, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (1951). West Feliciana Parish (Map) (January 1, 1955 ed.). Louisiana Department of Highways. 
  8. ^ a b c "Act No. 294, House Bill No. 791". State-Times (Baton Rouge). July 31, 1928. p. 9B. 
  9. ^ United States Numbered Highways, Selected by American Association of State Highway Officials, Approved by United States Department of Agriculture. American Association of State Highway Officials. 1927. pp. 22–23. 
  10. ^ Clason Map Company (1927). Mileage Map of the Best Roads of Louisiana (Map). Clason Map Company. 
  11. ^ a b Minton, James (August 7, 1988). "Retracing the Tunica Trace". The Advocate (Baton Rouge). p. 1A. 
  12. ^ West Feliciana Parish (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Highway Commission Photo-Map Department. Louisiana Highway Commission. 1930. 
  13. ^ Clason Map Company (1928). Clason's Road Map of Louisiana (Map). Clason Map Company. 
  14. ^ Clason Map Company (1929). Clason's Road Map of Louisiana (Map). Clason Map Company. 
  15. ^ H.M. Gousha (1938). Official Road Map of Louisiana (Map). Conoco. 
  16. ^ Louisiana Tourist Bureau; H.M. Gousha (1939). Official Road Map of Louisiana (Map). Louisiana Tourist Bureau. 
  17. ^ Louisiana Highway Commission State-Wide Highway Planning Survey (1937). West Feliciana Parish (Map). Louisiana Highway Commission. 
  18. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (September 1, 1951). Louisiana Highways (Map). Louisiana Department of Highways. 
  19. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (July 1, 1953). Louisiana Highways (Map). Louisiana Department of Highways. 
  20. ^ a b "Act No. 40, House Bill No. 311". State-Times (Baton Rouge). June 18, 1955. p. 3B–4B. 
  21. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (July 1, 1955). Louisiana Highways: Interim Road Map (Map). Louisiana Department of Highways. 
  22. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (1951). West Feliciana Parish (Map) (January 1, 1958 ed.). Louisiana Department of Highways. 
  23. ^ Minton, James (October 2, 1988). "French, tribal leaders dedicate Tunica Trace". The Advocate (Baton Rouge). p. 1B. 
  24. ^ Culpepper, Steve (December 9, 1987). "West Feliciana Police Jury OKs '88 budget at last-of-kind meeting". The Advocate (Baton Rouge). p. 4B. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google