Louisiana Highway 96

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Louisiana Highway 96 marker

Louisiana Highway 96
Route of LA 96 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by Louisiana DOTD
Length: 19.32 mi[1] (31.09 km)
Existed: 1955 renumbering – present
Tourist
routes:
Louisiana scenic byways.pngLouisiana Scenic Byways:
Promised Land Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West end: LA 182 in Broussard
  LA 31 in St. Martinville
East end: LA 352 east of Catahoula
Location
Parishes: Lafayette, St. Martin
Highway system
  • Louisiana Highway System
LA 95 LA 97
SR 85 86 SR 87
SR 478 479 SR 480

Louisiana Highway 96 (LA 96) is a state highway located in southern Louisiana. It runs 19.32 miles (31.09 km) in an east–west direction from LA 182 in Broussard to LA 352 east of Catahoula.

The route passes through St. Martinville, the seat of St. Martin Parish, located on Bayou Teche. It connects the city with U.S. Highway 90 (US 90), the main highway through the Teche region, just southeast of Lafayette. East of St. Martinville, LA 96 travels to the small community of Catahoula, which is located on Catahoula Lake at the edge of the Atchafalaya Basin.

The entire route of LA 96 is part of the Promised Land Scenic Byway in the state-designated system of tourist routes known as the Louisiana Scenic Byways.[2]

Route description[edit]

From the west, LA 96 begins at an intersection with LA 182 (Old Spanish Trail) in an area within the Broussard city limits known as Billeaud. This intersection is located about 300 feet (91 m) from an interchange with US 90, connecting with the larger adjacent city of Lafayette as well as New Iberia. LA 96 heads east on Terrace Highway and initially passes a few small industrial establishments before entering an area of light suburban development. After 1 mile (1.6 km), the highway crosses from Lafayette Parish into St. Martin Parish. Soon afterward, LA 96 crosses over a small coulee as the surroundings become rural. The route makes a sharp dip to the south before proceeding in a southeast direction into the small city of St. Martinville.[3][4][5][6]

LA 96 follows West Port Street through town to an intersection with LA 31 (Main Street), the main north–south thoroughfare. It then turns north to follow LA 31 for one block, flanked by a series of historic storefronts and a large Catholic church. Signs direct motorists to continue straight ahead on LA 31 to reach the Longfellow-Evangeline State Historic Site while LA 96 turns east onto East Bridge Street. Shortly afterward, the highway crosses a swing bridge over Bayou Teche dating from 1942. Two blocks east of the bayou, LA 96 intersects LA 347 (Cemetery Road), signed as the truck route through town. The two highways run concurrent for one block past the local cemetery, and LA 347 turns north onto Resweber Street.[3][5][6]

LA 96 continues straight ahead out of St. Martinville and becomes known as Catahoula Highway. It then curves to the northeast at an intersection with LA 345, which heads south toward Loreauville. Less than 2 miles (3.2 km) later, LA 96 intersects LA 679, which heads through an area known as Coteau Holmes. Over the next 7 miles (11 km), LA 96 continues in a general northeast direction, curving here and there through rural farmland mixed with light suburban development. Along the way, it passes through points known as Isle Labbe and Catahoula Cove. LA 96 then enters the small community of Catahoula and serves as its main thoroughfare. The route curves to the southeast and briefly parallels a wide section of a bayou called Catahoula Lake. It then turns northeast to cross a bridge over the waterway and proceeds a short distance to its terminus at LA 352, known as Catahoula Levee Road to the north and Bayou Benoit Levee Road to the south. Straight ahead across the levee are the vast wetlands of the Atchafalaya Basin.[3][5][6]

Route classification and data[edit]

LA 96 is generally classified by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (La DOTD) as a rural major collector west of St. Martinville, an urban minor arterial through town, and a rural minor collector east of town. Daily traffic volume in 2013 averaged between 6,500 and 8,100 vehicles west of St. Martinville, peaking at 10,100 at the Bayou Teche bridge. The lighter traveled portion of the route between St. Martinville and Catahoula averaged 2,200 vehicles daily.[1][3]

The posted speed limit is generally 55 mph (90 km/h), reduced to 25 mph (40 km/h) through St. Martinville and Catahoula.[3]

History[edit]

Pre-1955 route numbering[edit]

In the original Louisiana Highway system in use between 1921 and 1955, the modern LA 96 was part of two separate routes.

Western section[edit]

State Route 479
Location: BilleaudSt. Martinville
Length: 7.4 mi[7][8] (11.9 km)
Existed: 1928–1955

The section from the western terminus to the present intersection with LA 31 in St. Martinville was designated as State Route 479.[7][8] It was added to the state highway system in 1928 by an act of the state legislature.[9]

Route 479. Beginning at a point on Route 2 Lafayette Parish about 1000 feet south of the Billeaud Sugar Factory, thence running in an easterly direction over the long bridge to the Ducamps[sic] Plantation to meet the old Terrace Road.

— 1928 legislative route description[9]

At this time, the Broussard city limits encompassed a much smaller area, and the location of the western terminus was known as Billeaud. The western terminus was also originally a junction with US 90, which was co-signed throughout the state with the pre-1955 State Route 2. LA 182 now follows the former route of US 90 through the area. The legislative description for Route 479 also reflects the fact that the route originally ended at the Duchamp Plantation Road a few miles west of St. Martinville with State Route 235 continuing the route into town. Road maps from the era generally show the entire length as Route 479, possibly due to a necessary lack of detail at that scale. However, the entire route between Billeaud and St. Martinville was officially designated as Route 479 sometime before the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering with Route 235 truncated to the modern intersection of LA 96 and Duchamps Road.[8]

Eastern section[edit]

State Route 86
Location: St. MartinvilleCatahoula
Length: 12.1 mi[8] (19.5 km)
Existed: 1921–1955

The remainder of the present route of LA 96 from St. Martinville to Catahoula was designated as State Route 86 in the pre-1955 system.[8] Route 86 was created in 1921 by an act of the state legislature as one of the original 98 state highway routes.[10]

Route No. 86. Beginning at St. Martinville, through Isle Labbe to Lake Catahoula.

— 1921 legislative route description[10]

The present swing bridge across Bayou Teche in St. Martinville was built in 1942, replacing an older movable span at that location.[11][12] On the opposite end of the route, the highway originally ended at the west bank of Lake Catahoula. By the time of the 1955 renumbering, a road had been constructed along the nearby Atchafalaya Basin levee. A bridge was built to connect Route 86 to this road, which was not part of the state highway system at this time.[8] Route 86 otherwise remained the same during the pre-1955 era.

Post-1955 route history[edit]

LA 96 was created in 1955 as a collective renumbering of former State Routes 86 and 479.[13]

Class "B": La 96—From a junction with La-US 90 at or near Billeaud to a junction with La 31 at or near St. Martinville.
Class "C": La 96—From a junction with La 347 at or near St. Martinville through or near Isle Labbe and Catahoula to point at or near Catahoula Lake.

— 1955 legislative route description[13]

With the 1955 renumbering, the state highway department initially categorized all routes into three classes: "A" (primary), "B" (secondary), and "C" (farm-to-market).[14] This system has since been updated and replaced by a more specific functional classification system.

The route of LA 96 has remained the same since the 1955 renumbering, although the route designations of the highways at both termini have changed.[15][16] Around 1969, US 90 was moved onto its present four-lane alignment between the Broussard (or Billeaud) interchange and New Iberia. LA 182 was extended over the former route of US 90 and became the new western terminus of LA 96 at this time.[17][18] At the opposite end of the route, the bridge across Catahoula Lake was replaced by the current span in 1994.[19] In the early 2000s, the road along the Atchafalaya Basin levee marking the eastern terminus of LA 96 had been added to the state highway system as a southern extension of LA 352, which had formerly terminated in Henderson.[20][21]

Major intersections[edit]

Parish Location mi[3] km Destinations Notes
Lafayette Broussard 0.0 0.0 LA 182 (Old Spanish Trail) to US 90 – Lafayette, New Iberia Western terminus
St. Martin St. Martinville 7.3 11.7 LA 31 south (South Main Street) – New Iberia West end of LA 31 concurrency
7.5 12.1 LA 31 north (North Main Street) – Breaux Bridge East end of LA 31 concurrency; to Evangeline State Park
7.6 12.2 Bridge over Bayou Teche
7.8 12.6 LA 347 south (Cemetery Road) West end of LA 347 concurrency; signed as LA 347 Truck
7.9 12.7 LA 347 north (Resweber Street) East end of LA 347 concurrency; signed as LA 347 Truck
9.1 14.6 LA 345 – Loreauville Northern terminus of LA 345
10.8 17.4 LA 679 – Coteau Holmes Northern terminus of LA 679
Catahoula 18.9 30.4 Bridge over Catahoula Lake
19.5 31.4 LA 352 (Catahoula Levee Road, Bayou Benoit Levee Road) Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "La DOTD GIS". Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Promised Land Scenic Byway". America's Scenic Byways. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Google (July 21, 2015). "Overview Map of LA 96" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ Lafayette Parish (PDF) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. February 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c St. Martin Parish (Northwest Section) (PDF) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. February 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c District 03: Official Control Section Map / Construction and Maintenance (PDF) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. February 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Lafayette Parish (Map) (January 1, 1955 ed.). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1953. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f St. Martin Parish (Map) (January 1, 1955 ed.). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1950. 
  9. ^ a b "Act No. 294, House Bill No. 791". State-Times. Baton Rouge. July 31, 1928. p. 12B. 
  10. ^ a b "Act No. 95, House Bill No. 206". State-Times. Baton Rouge. November 29, 1921. p. 9. 
  11. ^ "National Bridge Inventory Data: LA0096 Over Bayou Teche St M.". Ugly Bridges. 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  12. ^ St. Martin Parish (Map). Cartography by State-Wide Highway Planning Survey. Louisiana Highway Commission. 1937. 
  13. ^ a b "Act No. 40, House Bill No. 311". State-Times. Baton Rouge. June 18, 1955. pp. 3B–7B. 
  14. ^ "Engineering Directives and Standards: Authorization and Definition of the State Highway System". Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. January 18, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  15. ^ Lafayette Parish (Map) (January 1, 1958 ed.). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1953. 
  16. ^ St. Martin Parish (Map) (January 1, 1958 ed.). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1950. 
  17. ^ Louisiana (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Department of Highways. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1968. 
  18. ^ Louisiana 1970 (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Department of Highways. Louisiana Department of Highways. 1970. 
  19. ^ "National Bridge Inventory Data: LA0096 Over Catahoula Lake Bridge". Ugly Bridges. 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  20. ^ St. Martin Parish (Upper Section) (Map) (1997 ed.). Cartography by DOTD Office of Planning and Programming. Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. 1995. 
  21. ^ Louisiana: Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by La DOTD. Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. Spring 2005. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata