Loujain al-Hathloul

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Loujain al-Hathloul
لجين الهذلول
Loujain Alhathloul.jpg
Born (1989-07-31) July 31, 1989 (age 29)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Alma mater University of British Columbia[1]
Known for Defying female driving ban in Saudi Arabia
Spouse(s)
Fahad Albutairi (m. 2014)

Loujain al-Hathloul (Arabic: لجين الهذلول‎; born 31 July 1989) is a Saudi women's rights activist and a social media figure. She has been arrested and released several times for defying the ban on women driving in Saudi Arabia and was arrested in May 2018, with several prominent women's rights activists, on a charge of attempting to destabilise the kingdom. She was ranked 3rd in the list of Top 100 Most Powerful Arab Women 2015.[2][3][4][5]

Women's rights activism[edit]

Al-Hathloul is known both for her role in the women to drive movement and in opposing the Saudi male guardianship system.[6] On 1 December 2014, she was arrested and detained for 73 days after an attempt to cross the border in her car from the UAE to Saudi Arabia on charges related to defying the female driving ban in the Kingdom.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

In September 2016, along with 14,000 others, al-Hathloul signed a petition to King Salman asking for the male guardianship system to be abolished.[6] On 4 June 2017, she was arrested and detained at King Fahad International Airport in Dammam. The reason for the arrest was unclear and al-Hathloul had not, as of June 2017, been allowed access to a lawyer or contact with her family.[15]

She was detained again on the eve of 15 May 2018, along with Eman al-Nafjan, Aisha al-Mana, Aziza al-Yousef, Madeha al-Ajroush and some men[16][6][17] involved in campaigning for women's rights in Saudi Arabia.[18][19] Human Rights Watch interpreted the purpose of the arrests as frightening "anyone expressing skepticism about the crown prince's rights agenda".[6][20]

As of June 2018, women were granted the right to drive in Saudi Arabia, however, al-Hathoul is still jailed with fellow activists.[21][22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michelle Ghoussoub (2018-05-29). "Incredibly fierce' UBC graduate among activists detained in Saudi Arabia". CBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-05-30. Retrieved 2018-05-31. A graduate of the University of British Columbia is among 10 activists recently arrested in Saudi Arabia. Loujain Al-Hathloul attended UBC between 2009 and 2014, graduating with a degree in French. 
  2. ^ "The 100 Most Powerful Arab Women 2015". ArabianBusiness.com. 2015-03-04. Archived from the original on 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2018-05-31. 
  3. ^ "Sheikha Lubna Al Qassimi and Amal Clooney named most powerful Arab women in the world". The Independent. 2015-03-04. Archived from the original on 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2015-03-07. Loujain Al Hathloul, at number three on the list, hit the headlines in December after she was arrested for driving across the border from the UAE to Saudi Arabia. She has now been freed from prison after reigniting the debate about women’s right to drive. 
  4. ^ "21 Saudis among 100 most powerful Arab women". Arab News. 2015-03-04. Archived from the original on 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2015-03-07. Loujain Al-Hathloul from Saudi Arabia is in third place for her achievements on the cultural and social fronts, while Saudi businesswoman Lubna Olayan came in at fourth for her role in the banking and finance sector. 
  5. ^ "From a retail tycoon to Amal Clooney: meet the Arab World's most powerful women". Al-Bawaba. 2015-03-06. Archived from the original on 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2015-03-07. Loujain Al Hathloul, at number three on the list, hit the headlines in December after she was arrested for driving across the border from the UAE to Saudi Arabia. She has now been freed from prison after reigniting the debate about women’s right to drive. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Saudi Arabia: Women's Rights Advocates Arrested — Jumping Ahead of Crown Prince's Reforms Risks Jail Time". Human Rights Watch. 2018-05-18. Archived from the original on 2018-05-19. Retrieved 2018-05-19. 
  7. ^ "Two Saudi Women Who Were Detained for Defying a Driving Ban Have Been Freed". Time magazine. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2015-03-04. Loujain al-Hathloul and Maysaa al-Amoudi had been held since Dec. 1, after al-Hathloul, 25, attempted to drive into Saudi Arabia from the United Arab Emirates, Agence France-Presse reports. 
  8. ^ "Saudi Women Free After 73 Days in Jail for Driving". The New York Times. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  9. ^ "Saudi women jailed for driving 'released from prison' after two months". The Independent. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  10. ^ "Saudi Arabia Releases Two Women Drivers From Jail". The Wall Street Journal. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2018-05-27. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Saudi women drivers 'freed from jail'". BBC News. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  12. ^ "Saudi women's rights campaigners 'freed from prison'". Daily Mail. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2018-06-01. Retrieved 2015-03-04. 
  13. ^ "Women who defied Saudi Arabia's driving ban freed after months in jail". Mashable. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  14. ^ "Saudi women who defied driving ban 'freed from jail'". France 24. 2015-02-13. Archived from the original on 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2015-03-07. 
  15. ^ Mortimer, Caroline (8 June 2017). "Saudi Arabia jails human rights activist who defied women's driving ban". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2017-10-12. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Female activists detained ahead of Saudi driving ban reversal". The National. 2018-05-20. Archived from the original on 2018-06-05. Retrieved 2018-05-31. Some state-linked media outlets published the names of those detained, which include Loujain al-Hathloul, Aziza al-Yousef and Eman al-Najfan. 
  17. ^ Sarah El Sirgany, Hilary Clarke (2018-05-21). "Saudi Arabia arrests female activists weeks before lifting of driving ban". CNN. Archived from the original on 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-05-31. Activists Loujain al-Hathloul, Iman al-Nafjan, Aziza al-Yousef and Aisha Almane were arrested last week, along with four male supporters, the government and Saudi media said Friday. 
  18. ^ Batrawy, Aya. "Six women's driving advocates in Saudi Arabia arrested". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2018-06-05. Retrieved 19 May 2018.  More than one of |website= and |work= specified (help)
  19. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Chilling smear campaign against women's rights defenders". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 2018-06-05. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  20. ^ "Saudi Arabia 'arrests women's rights activists'". Al Jazeera English. 2018-05-19. Archived from the original on 2018-05-19. Retrieved 2018-05-19. 
  21. ^ "Saudi women can now drive — but activists jailed". ABC News. 2018-06-24. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 
  22. ^ "Saudi driving ban ends as women's rights activists remain jailed". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 

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