Love Letters (play)
|Written by||A. R. Gurney|
Andrew Makepeace Ladd III
|Place premiered||New York Public Library
New York City
Love Letters is a play by A. R. Gurney that was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The play centers on two characters, Melissa Gardner and Andrew Makepeace Ladd III. Using the epistolary form sometimes found in novels, they sit side by side at tables and read the notes, letters and cards – in which over nearly 50 years, they discuss their hopes and ambitions, dreams and disappointments, victories and defeats – that have passed between them throughout their separated lives.
The play is a performance favorite for busy name actors, for it requires little preparation, and lines need not be memorized. It was first performed by the playwright himself with Holland Taylor at the New York Public Library, then opened in 1988 at the Long Wharf Theatre in New Haven, Connecticut with Joanna Gleason and John Rubinstein.
Andrew Makepeace Ladd III and Melissa Gardner, both born to wealth and position, are childhood friends whose lifelong correspondence begins with birthday party thank-you notes and summer camp postcards. Romantically attached, they continue to exchange letters through the boarding school and college years—where Andy goes on to excel at Yale and law school, while Melissa flunks out of a series of "good schools". While Andy is off at war Melissa marries, but her attachment to Andy remains strong and she continues to keep in touch as he marries, becomes a successful attorney, gets involved in politics and, eventually, is elected to the U.S. Senate. Meanwhile, her marriage in tatters, Melissa dabbles in art and gigolos, drinks more than she should, and becomes estranged from her children. Eventually she and Andy do become involved in a brief affair, but it is really too late for both of them. However Andy's last letter, written to her mother after Melissa's untimely death, makes it eloquently clear how much they really meant, and gave to, each other over the years—physically apart, perhaps, but spiritually as close as only true lovers can be.
Broadway & Off-Broadway productions
Directed by John Tillinger, it opened with Kathleen Turner and John Rubinstein on March 27, 1989, at the off-Broadway Promenade Theatre, where it ran for 64 performances. The play was performed only on Sunday and Monday evenings and changed its cast weekly. Among those who appeared in it were Barbara Barrie, Philip Bosco, Stephen Collins, Victor Garber, Julie Harris, George Grizzard, Anthony Heald, George Hearn, Richard Kiley, Dana Ivey, William Hurt, Marsha Mason, Christopher Reeve, Holland Taylor, George Segal, Christopher Walken, Joan Van Ark, Treat Williams, Frances Sternhagen, Hank Offinger, Rebecca Cole, Meredith Baxter, Michael Gross and Nancy Blaine.
On October 31 that same year, a Broadway production opened at the Edison Theatre, where it ran for 96 performances. It opened with Colleen Dewhurst and Jason Robards. Other performers paired in the Broadway production included Lynn Redgrave and John Clark, Stockard Channing and John Rubinstein, Jane Curtin and Edward Herrmann, Kate Nelligan and David Dukes, Polly Bergen and Robert Vaughn, Timothy Hutton and Elizabeth McGovern, Swoosie Kurtz and Richard Thomas, Elaine Stritch and Cliff Robertson, Nancy Marchand and Fritz Weaver, and Robert Foxworth and Elizabeth Montgomery.
In 1990, the play had lengthy seasons on the West Coast, at the Canon Theater in Beverly Hills, and the Theater on the Square in San Francisco, with many name actors from the movie industry. It also adapts very well for performance on cruise ships.
In the early 1990s, Larry Hagman reunited with his Dallas co-star Linda Gray for a tour with Love Letters. Later, in 2006, Hagman performed in the play five times in New York and Florida with his I Dream of Jeannie co-star Barbara Eden.
In the mid 1990s, the play toured with Robert Wagner and Jill St. John. However, before performing with his wife, Jill St. John, Wagner acted with his Hart to Hart co-star Stefanie Powers beginning in Boston in 1988. Together they did more than 350 performances and were the first to bring the play to the Wyndham's Theatre in London's West End.
In early 1995, Lynn Redgrave and John Clark, at the invitation of Judge Lance Ito, performed the play for the sequestered jury on their day off, in the same courtroom where the O.J. Simpson trial was being held.
On June 4, 2007, Sigourney Weaver and Jeff Daniels performed Love Letters at New York University as a benefit for the Flea Theatre. Directed by Weaver's husband, Jim Simpson and attended by the playwright, this performance was repeated on July 26, 2008, at the Detroit Institute of Art's Detroit Film Theater in a benefit for Daniels' Purple Rose Theatre Company.
On December 1, 2007, Elizabeth Taylor and James Earl Jones gave a benefit performance of the play, directed by John Tillinger, to raise one million dollars for Taylor's AIDS foundation. Tickets for the show were priced at $2,500 and more than 500 people attended. The event happened to coincide with the 2007 Writers Guild of America strike and, rather than cross the picket line, Taylor requested a "one night dispensation". The Writers Guild agreed not to picket the Paramount Pictures lot that night, to allow for the performance.
On July 31, 2010, Primetime Emmy Award-winning husband and wife actors Michael Emerson and Carrie Preston read the play at the Charleston Stage. They performed it as a fundraiser for the South Carolina's theatre.
From July 29 to August 1, 2010, Tony Dow (Wally from Leave it to Beaver) and Janice Kent (Mary Ellen Cleaver on The New Leave it to Beaver) performed Love Letters at the Repertory East Playhouse in Newhall, California. It was directed by Mark Kaplan.
On October 9, 2010, Meredith Baxter and Michael Gross performed the play in Lakireddy Auditorium at the University of California, Merced as a fundraiser for the University Arts Program. They performed the show again in August 2017 at Totem Pole Playhouse in Pennsylvania.
In October 2011 the play was set on the stage of Pushkin Theatre in Moscow (Russia). The roles were played by actor and film director Vladimir Menshov and his wife Vera Alentova. Both participated in creation of the famous movie Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears which won an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1980.
From June 18–23, 2012, Jerry Hall and David Soul, directed by Michael Scott, performed at the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin.
The play returned to Broadway on September 13, 2014 to the Brooks Atkinson Theater in limited engagements with rotating casts. The first cast starred Brian Dennehy and Mia Farrow, followed by Carol Burnett with Dennehy, and Alan Alda and Candice Bergen; scheduled next were Anjelica Huston, Stacy Keach, Diana Rigg and Martin Sheen. This production closed early, after 6 previews and 95 performances, ending with the cast of Alan Alda and Candice Bergen on December 14, 2014.
In February 2016, the play was translated into Chinese and series of performance were carried out in Macao, China.
On October 8–9, 2016, Tony Dow (Wally from Leave it to Beaver) performed once again in Love Letters - this time with co-star Beverly Washburn (star of many TV shows and films including Old Yeller) to sold out performances. Beverly and Tony had actually dated in the 50's and, like the characters in the play, had a history and friendship that has survived the many years. The play was directed by Adam Reeves and produced by R&R Stage and Screen at The Rheem Theatre in Moraga, CA.
In 1992, the play was adapted to Urdu and an Indian context by playwright Javed Siddiqui, as Tumhari Amrita and performed by veteran Indian actors Shabana Azmi and Farooq Sheikh, under the direction of Feroz Abbas Khan. It later toured to many parts of the world, including the US, Europe, and Pakistan.
In 1993, episode 518 of Mystery Science Theater 3000 satirized the play, condensing it to about a minute.
In 1999, Gurney adapted Love Letters for a television movie, directed by Stanley Donen, that dramatized scenes and portrayed characters merely described in the play. Laura Linney and Steven Weber starred.
- Thomas M. Disch: Love Letters. (Promenade Theatre, New York). In: The Nation. The Nation Institute. 1989. Via HighBeam Research (requires login). Retrieved 25 Dec. 2013.
- Mervyn Rothstein (1989-04-21). "Pairs of Actors Play Spin the Bottle In 'Love Letters'". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
- Robert Weller. "Welcome to Telluride – Now Go Away". Associated Press.
- Longden, Tom (July 7, 2008). "Grandy, Fred". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Army Archerd (1995-05-09). "Thesps show ‘Love Letters’ to O.J. jury". Variety. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- Keith Thursby (2009-12-22). "Connie Hines dies at 79; costar on TV's 'Mister Ed'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- Associated Press (2007-12-02). "Striking writers give Elizabeth Taylor a pass". CNN.com. Archived from the original on 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- Prime-time stars chip in for Charleston Stage fundraiser | The Scene | Charleston City Paper
- Baxter and Gross bring 'Love Letters' to UC Merced – Scene – Modbee.com
- Gaiety Theatre, Dublin gaietytheatre.ie
- Delaware Theater Company " 'Love Letters' Benefit" broadwayworld.com accessed 21 November 2013.
- Gans, Andrew."Brian Dennehy and Mia Farrow Write 'Love Letters' on Broadway, Beginning Tonight" playbill.com, September 13, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "Pens and Pencils Down: Love Letters Ends Broadway Run Early" playbill.com, December 14, 2014
- Writing its own destiny Screen (magazine), Namita Nivas, Nov 28, 2008.
- Love Letters and Two Other Plays: The Golden Age, What I Did Last Summer (Plume Drama) ISBN 978-0452265011
- Love Letters (Dramatists Play Service – acting edition) ISBN 978-0-8222-0694-1