Lovely Rita

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"Lovely Rita"
Lovely rita.jpg
Cover of the Northern Songs sheet music
Song by the Beatles
from the album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Released26 May 1967[1]
Recorded23–24 February and 7 & 21 March 1967
StudioEMI, London
Genre
Length2:42
LabelParlophone
Songwriter(s)Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s)George Martin

"Lovely Rita" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles from their 1967 album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. It was written and sung by Paul McCartney and credited to Lennon–McCartney. It is about a female traffic warden and the narrator's affection for her.[4]

Inspiration[edit]

The term "meter-maid", largely unknown in the UK before the song's release, is American slang for a female traffic warden. According to some sources, "Lovely Rita" originates from when a female traffic warden named Meta Davies issued a parking ticket to McCartney outside Abbey Road Studios.[5][6] Instead of becoming angry, he accepted it with good grace and expressed his feelings in song. When asked why he had called her "Rita", McCartney replied, "Well, she looked like a Rita to me".[7]

In his comments to biographer Barry Miles, however, McCartney refuted the idea that this episode inspired the song: "It wasn't based on a real person. I think it was more a question of coincidence … I didn't think, 'Wow, that woman gave me a ticket, I'll write a song about her.' Never happened like that."[8] Author John Winn writes that McCartney's inspiration came from hearing the term "meter maid", after which he began writing the song when visiting his brother Michael in Liverpool.[9]

According to a contemporary report on the recording of "Lovely Rita", in Beat Instrumental magazine, the lyrics were completed by McCartney and John Lennon during the session. A reproduction of the manuscript shows only the opening chorus and verse in McCartney's handwriting; the remaining lyrics appear in Beatles assistant Mal Evans' handwriting, after he and Neil Aspinall joined the two songwriters in a corner of the studio.[9]

Recording[edit]

Recording began on 23 February 1967 with eight takes required to achieve a satisfactory basic track. Using a four-track recorder, this first performance featured George Harrison's guitar on track 1, Lennon's guitar on track 2, Ringo Starr's drums on track 3, and McCartney's piano set on track 4.[10] After those individual tracks had been combined in a reduction mix, McCartney overdubbed a bass guitar part.[9]

The 24 February session was devoted to adding vocals.[10] According to engineer Geoff Emerick, McCartney had told George Martin, the band's producer, that he wanted the backing vocals to replicate how the Beach Boys "might approach the song".[11] The Beatles were visited in the studio that evening by Tony Hicks of the Hollies, American musicians David Crosby and Shawn Phillips, and the brother of Ravi Shankar, Harrison's sitar teacher. Also present was Leslie Bryce, a photographer from Beatles Monthly.[9] McCartney recorded his lead vocal with the tape speed reduced, so that his voice sounded at a higher pitch when the speed was corrected.[10] Bryce took photos of Lennon, McCartney, Harrison and Crosby grouped around a microphone,[8] and the Beat Instrumental report stated that the backing vocals were recorded that night with Crosby's participation.[9] Phillips later supported this and said that he too sang backing vocals with the three Beatles.[8] However, Phillips' recollection is not supported by others,[8] who say the group vocals were instead overdubbed on 7 March.[9]

The session was led by Lennon and recorded with heavy tape echo. Enjoying the lighthearted session, the Beatles also added percussive effects played on comb and paper, serving as handmade kazoos,[8] and vocalised sounds such as moans, sighs and screams.[12] The latter sounds appear over the song's extended coda.[9][13] Martin later described the session as "anarchy", given how little was achieved over the seven hours, and cited it as a precedent for the group's "undisciplined, sometimes self-indulgent" method of working on Magical Mystery Tour later in 1967.[14]

A second piano, played by Martin and processed electromechanically to wobble in and out of tune,[citation needed] was added for the solo on 21 March.[15] This session was again filled with visitors. Among these were the band Pink Floyd, who were recording in a neighbouring studio and gained entry to the session through their producer, Norman Smith, formerly the Beatles' recording engineer.[8] Although Pink Floyd were established as one of the leading bands in the London underground scene, they were intimidated to be in the Beatles' presence. Drummer Nick Mason recalled that they watched the band mixing "Lovely Rita" but they were "God-like figures to us" and any interaction between the two groups was minimal.[8] Pink Floyd later used effects inspired by "Lovely Rita" when recording their instrumental composition "Pow R. Toc H." from their debut album, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn.[citation needed]

The final mono mix was completed that night, and a month later, the stereo mix was done.[6][16] During mixdown the tape machine ran at 48.75 Hz instead of the standard 50 Hz, affecting the pitch on the released track.[17] With vari-speed having been applied throughout the recording process, the song's key is around E flat major.[18] According to Martin, "Lovely Rita" and "When I'm Sixty Four" were the songs that would have been cut from Sgt. Pepper had the Beatles not been pressured into issuing "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "Penny Lane" as a non-album single in advance of the album's release.[19] In the opinion of music critic Richie Unterberger, "Lovely Rita" is "one of the more lighthearted songs on Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, and consequently one of the more critically overlooked".[13]

McCartney live performances and cover versions[edit]

McCartney first performed "Lovely Rita" in concert on 4 May 2013, when he opened his Out There! world tour at the Estádio Mineirão in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.[20]

Fats Domino included the song on his 1968 album Fats Is Back. Unterberger dismisses Domino's version as a "none-too-thrilling soul cover".[13] In 1976, Roy Wood of ELO and Wizzard recorded the song for All This and World War II, a film that set new recordings of 30 Lennon–McCartney compositions to newsreel footage from World War II.[21]

Joan Osborne sings the song on the 2009 Cheap Trick release Sgt. Pepper Live. The Easy Star All-Stars recorded a version with guest vocalists Bunny Rugs and U-Roy for their 2009 Sgt. Pepper tribute album Easy Star's Lonely Hearts Dub Band.[22]

Personnel[edit]

According to Ian MacDonald, the line-up on the Beatles' recording was as follows:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Everett 1999, p. 123. "In the United Kingdom Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band ... was rush-released six days ahead of its official date, June 1."
  2. ^ Womack 2007, p. 177. "full-tilt psychedelia".
  3. ^ Haugen 2004, p. 169.
  4. ^ Riley 2011, p. 354.
  5. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, p. 239.
  6. ^ a b Everett 1999, p. 113.
  7. ^ Clayson 2003.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Runtagh, Jordan (29 May 2017). "Beatles' 'Sgt. Pepper' at 50: When Pink Floyd, David Crosby Visited 'Lovely Rita' Sessions". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Winn 2009, p. 95.
  10. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2005, p. 100.
  11. ^ Emerick, Geoff; Massey, Howard (2006). Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of the Beatles. Gotham Books. p. 171. ISBN 1-59240-179-1.
  12. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 101.
  13. ^ a b c Unterberger, Ritchie. "The Beatles 'Lovely Rita'". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  14. ^ Heylin 2007, pp. 153–54.
  15. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 104.
  16. ^ Winn 2009, pp. 95–96.
  17. ^ Lewisohn 2005, pp. 100–101, 104.
  18. ^ Winn 2009, p. 96.
  19. ^ Hertsgaard 1996, p. 219.
  20. ^ Brandle, Lars (7 May 2013). "Paul McCartney Plays Unexpected Beatles Songs on World Tour Opener". Billboard. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  21. ^ Schaffner 1978, pp. 171–72.
  22. ^ "Easy Star's Lonely Hearts Dub Band". easystar.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2017.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]