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Loverboy (Mariah Carey song)

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Loverboy (single) Mariah Carey.png
Alternative CD artwork
Single by Mariah Carey featuring Cameo
from the album Glitter
ReleasedJuly 16, 2001 (2001-07-16)
Mariah Carey singles chronology
"Against All Odds"
"Never Too Far"

"Loverboy" is a song by American singer and songwriter Mariah Carey. It was released on July 16, 2001 by Virgin Records America as the lead single from Glitter (2001). Written and produced by Carey, Larry Blackmon, Thomas Jenkins and Clark Kent, "Loverboy" is built around a sample from "Candy" by Cameo, who are also featured on the track. Lyrically, the song finds Carey fantasizing about her loverboy, a man that will fulfill her physical and sexual desires. The recording was accompanied by an official remix, titled "Loverboy (Remix)", featuring guest artists Ludacris, Da Brat, Shawnna and Twenty II.

The track was subject to controversy, following reports that Jennifer Lopez and Tommy Mottola (Carey's ex-husband) stole the idea of sampling the singer's original planned sample, Yellow Magic Orchestra's "Firecracker", over a month after Carey had signed for it. Since Carey's Glitter was to be released over a month after Lopez's album, she changed the song's melody to sample from "Candy" instead. Controversy ensued following its release; Carey was hospitalized for severe mental and physical exhaustion, following poorly received television appearances involving the song and album.

After the song's release in the United States, "Loverboy" stalled on the Billboard Hot 100. The song reached a peak of number two on the Hot 100 but failed to top the chart due to weak radio airplay. The single jumped 60–2 on the Billboard Hot 100 the week after it was released as a commercial single, with sales driven by a Virgin promotion offering the CD for a bargain-priced 49 cents.[1] Though finishing as the best-selling song of 2001 in the United States, "Loverboy" became Carey's first lead single to not reach number one. Internationally, the song failed to garner strong charting, reaching the top-ten in Australia and Canada, and the top-twenty in Portugal, Italy and the United Kingdom.

"Loverboy" received generally mixed reviews from music critics; many called the song unoriginal and dated while others felt that the featured artists (primarily on the remix version) overpowered Carey and made the song disorganized. A music video, directed by David LaChapelle, was shot for both versions of the song. The first version features Carey as a scantily-clad car girl, waving a flag as her loverboy finishes a race. The video for the remix version features similar footage, only including shots of the song's guests in race-cars during their verses. Finally, she performed "Loverboy" live on The Sweet Sweet Fantasy Tour in 2016.

Background and release[edit]

Following the release of "Loverboy", Carey embarked on a short promotional campaign for the song.[2] On July 19, 2001, Carey made a surprise appearance on the MTV program Total Request Live (TRL).[3] As the show's host Carson Daly began taping following a commercial break, Carey came out onto the filming stage, pushing an ice cream cart while wearing a large men's shirt.[4] Seemingly anxious and exhilarated, Carey began giving out individual bars of ice cream to fans and guests on the program, while waving to the crowd down below on Times Square, while diverging into a rambling monologue regarding therapy.[4] Carey then walked to Daly's platform and began a striptease, in which she shed her shirt to reveal a tight yellow and green ensemble, leading him to exclaim "Mariah Carey has lost her mind!".[3] While she later revealed that Daly was aware of her presence in the building prior to her appearance, she admitted that he was meant to act surprised in order to provide a more dramatic effect for the program.[4] Carey's appearance on TRL garnered strong media attention, with many critics and newspapers citing her behavior as "troubled" and "erratic".[2] In the days following her appearance on TRL, Carey had begun displaying "erratic behavior" during a public record signing for the single at Tower Records in New York.[3] As the appearance was filmed, she began rambling on several points, leading her to discuss radio-host Howard Stern, and how his form of humor on his program bothered her greatly.[4] At that point, Carey's publicist Cindi Berger grabbed the microphone from her hand, and ordered the cameras to stop filming. Only days later, Carey began posting irregular voice notes and messages on her official website:

I'm trying to understand things in life right now and so I really don't feel that I should be doing music right now. What I'd like to do is just a take a little break or at least get one night of sleep without someone popping up about a video. All I really want is [to] just be me and that's what I should have done in the first place ... I don't say this much but guess what, I don't take care of myself.[3]

After the quick removal of the messages, Berger commented that Carey had been "obviously exhausted and not thinking clearly" when she posted the letters.[4] Two days later on July 26, she was suddenly hospitalized, citing "extreme exhaustion" and a "physical and emotional breakdown".[5] Following the heavy media coverage surrounding Carey's publicized breakdown and hospitalization, Virgin Records and 20th Century Fox delayed the release of both the film's soundtrack and the film itself for three weeks: from August 21 to September 11 and from August 31 to September 21, respectively.[6] Following Carey's absence from the public eye, as well as her abandonment of promotional appearances for the film and soundtrack, her unprecedented $100 million five-album record deal with Virgin Records (EMI Records) was bought out for $50 million.[5][7] The decision was brought out due to the low sales of the project, as well as the negative publicity surrounding her breakdown.[2] Soon after, Carey flew to Capri, Italy for a period of five months, in which she began writing material for her new album, stemming from all the personal experiences she had endured throughout the past year.[2] Additionally, she founded her own label modeled after her initials, MonarC Entertainment, and signed a new three-album record deal with Island Records, valued at over $23 million.[2]

At the time of the single's release, Carey did not perform "Loverboy" live. The first performance of the song came 15 years later, on Carey's Sweet Sweet Fantasy Tour in 2016.[8]


"Loverboy"'s hook is built around a sample of "Candy", by Cameo. Aside from borrowing from the melody, "Loverboy" features Cameo as a lead vocalist on the track. According to Chuck Taylor from Billboard, "Loverboy" is reminiscent of several of Carey's previous lead singles, as they too were predominantly built around samples of older songs.[9] He described some of its background flourishes as "swirling harmonies overtop", and noted the inclusion of many shouts and ad-libs from Carey and Cameo.[9] Due to the song's heavy usage of the "Candy" sample, and the heavy blend of instrumentation and vocals, he said that to his bewilderment, the song was "devoid of a standard hook".[9] NME's Elios Therepio felt the idea of sampling "Candy" was genius "on paper", but once recorded, suffered from various miscalculations.[10] He felt it didn't match the success Carey's previous single, "Fantasy" (which also recalled its melody from an older song), and criticized the inclusion of several over-the-top "keyboard and synth arrangements".[10] Regarding Carey's voice, aside from describing it as "obscured", Therepio expressed his difficulty in understanding her lyrical phrases, claiming it was weakened from "no-everyone-can-understand-what-you're-saying'-itis".[10] Gil Kaufman from MTV News noted the inclusion of "bouncing funky bass [and] rock guitars",[11] while Roger Caitlin of the Hartford Courant described how Carey was often reduced to "breathy background vocals" on "Loverboy".[12] Lyrically, the song finds Carey looking for her "loverboy", and a sugar-daddy that's going to "love her right". Therepio found it ironic how Carey was crooning for a sugar-daddy, when she had just left one (referring to her older ex-husband Tommy Mottola). Additionally, he felt Carey was molding her image from that of a balladeer, to a "pin-up image" of a pop star.[10] The song's lyrics are racy, and feature the protagonist asking for her "loverboy" to fulfill her sexual desires: "Loverboy come on and love me / Give me more".[13]

Sampling controversy[edit]

Throughout 2000, Carey had already been writing and recording material for Glitter.[14] During this period, she developed the concept for the album's lead single, "Loverboy". Originally, Carey had sampled the melody and hook from the 1978 Yellow Magic Orchestra song "Firecracker", using an interpolation of it throughout the chorus and introduction.[14] In early theatrical trailers for Glitter, the original version of "Loverboy" was still featured. As Carey had ended her contract with Columbia Records, Jennifer Lopez was signed by Tommy Mottola, and had begun recording material for her album, J.Lo (2001).[14] According to The Inc.'s Irv Gotti, Mottola, head of Columbia and Carey's ex-husband, knew of Carey's usage of the "Firecracker" sample, and attempted to have Lopez use the same sample before her.[14] At the time, Carey had become increasingly paranoid over outside executives being informed about Glitter, especially following news of Lopez's "theft" of the song.[14] When the music publishers for "Firecracker" were questioned, they admitted Carey had licensed usage of the sample first, and Lopez had signed for it over one month later, under Mottola's arrangement.[15] Following the scandal, Carey was not able to use the original sample, as Lopez's album was to be released far earlier than Glitter.[15] She subsequently changed the composition of "Loverboy", and incorporated a new sample, "Candy" by Cameo.[15] According to Gotti, Mottola contacted him with instructions to create the Murder Remix of "I'm Real" to sound exactly like another Glitter track he produced, titled "If We" featuring rappers Ja Rule and Nate Dogg.[15] The "Firecracker" sample was eventually used by Lopez on her song "I'm Real", from her album J.Lo.[15] The remix of Mariah's "Loverboy" featured rapper Da Brat singing a pointed message about "bitches emulating [her] daily", to the melody from "Firecracker".

Critical reception[edit]

"Loverboy" was met with generally mixed reviews from music critics; many were not impressed with the incorporation of the sample, and felt the song didn't lead Carey into any newer ground or innovation. Additionally, several reviewers were not impressed with Carey's concealed vocals and the song's overly-complicated production. Sarah Rodman of the Boston Herald described the song's production as a "traffic-jam" and wrote "'Loverboy' is another in an increasingly long line of glitzy, candy-coated, creatively stunted song."[16] Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Natalie Nichols felt "Loverboy" was "predictable" and presented nothing new for Carey's audience.[17] USA Today's Edna Gunderson wrote the song off as "skimpy",[18] while Glenn Gamboa from Newsday described its overall reception as "lukewarm".[19] Harry Guerin from Raidió Teilifís Éireann outed the song as one of Carey's "finest moments" on Glitter, and disagreed with criticism regarding the "overly-populated" musical background".[20] Allmusic editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine listed the song as the only "recommended" song from Glitter,[21] while Gil Kaufman of MTV News called it a "fun, uptempo dance number".[11] Craig Seymour from Entertainment Weekly rated "Loverboy" a C-, and criticized its lyrical content and production.[13] An anonymous writer from The Guardian felt the song had "no decipherable tune", due to the inclusion of electronic musical instruments and background shouts and ad-libs.[22] Billboard's Chuck Taylor described the song as "self-sabotage", and felt Carey was gambling her longevity. He described the production as a "mumbo jumbo of disparate elements", and wrote "the mighty may have fallen here".[9]

Chart performance[edit]

Prior to Virgin's release of "Loverboy", Carey halted all promotional appearances corresponding to the song. Citing an emotional breakdown and a subsequent hospitalization, Carey remained out of the public eye for several weeks.[4] After its release, "Loverboy" failed to garner strong charting on prominent international markets, and received poor radio airplay throughout the United States.[23] "Loverboy" peaked atop the Billboard's Hot Singles Sales chart for four consecutive weeks, though due to weak airplay, managed to reach number two on the Billboard Hot 100 with "Bootylicious" by Destiny's Child holding it back from the top position.[23][24] "Loverboy" finished as the best-selling single of 2001 in the United States, with sales of 571,000 units, falling short of the previous year's best-seller, which accumulated sales upwards of one million copies.[25] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified the song Gold.[26] In Canada, "Loverboy" peaked at number three on the singles chart, and charted for a total of thirteen weeks.[27]

Throughout Australasia and Europe, the song peaked outside the top-twenty in most countries. "Loverboy" debuted at its peak position of number seven on the Australian Singles Chart, during the week of July 29, 2001.[28] The following week, the song began its decline, and experienced a total chart trajectory of seven weeks.[28] The song was certified Gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), denoting shipments of over 35,000 units.[29] On July 29, 2001, "Loverboy" debuted at number 65 on the Ö3 Austria Top 40 chart, spending a total of three weeks in the chart.[30] The song achieved relatively weak charting in both the Flemish and Wallonian territories in Belgium, peaking at numbers 49 and 34, respectively.[31] Making its debut at its peak position of number 54, "Loverboy" charted for a total of nine weeks in France, before falling out on November 3, 2001.[32] On the Dutch Top 40 chart, the song made its debut at number 68.[33] The following week the song peaked at number 34, before dropping outside the top 40 three weeks later, ending its five-week run.[33] On July 26, 2001, "Loverboy" debuted at number 49 on the Swedish Singles Chart, and reached a peak of number 44.[34] Similarly in Switzerland, the song peaked at number 66, and spent only four weeks fluctuating inside the chart.[35] On the UK Singles Chart, the song debuted at its peak of number 12.[36] The following week, the song dropped to number 29 on the chart,[37] before dropping outside the top-forty two weeks later.[36]


Aside from the regular version of the song, an official remix of "Loverboy" was included on Glitter. The song's main remix, titled "Loverboy" (Remix), uses the same sample as the album version and retains all of Carey's original vocals. It has a different introduction, the singing and spoken parts of Cameo are greatly reduced (and are not credited), and additional raps are included by Da Brat, Ludacris, Shawnna, and Twenty II. Critics panned the song, agreeing that the inclusion on the former pair only made it more difficult to hear and understand Carey's singing. Many described their inclusion as "upstaging" the singer, while others felt they made the song increasingly tumultuous. NME writer Elios Therepio rated the remix five out of ten stars, and claimed the song to have been a much weaker lead single than Carey's "Fantasy" (1995).[10] Jim Farber from Daily News criticized Brat's verse, writing how it "cut right through" the production.[23] The Morning Call's Len Righi described the remix as "cloddish",[38] while Jim Abbott from the Orlando Sentinel felt the song's guests "upstaged" Carey.[39]

Music video[edit]


In the still, Carey is shown portraying a cheer-leader by a racing event. Music reviewers criticized Carey's image, consisting of a lighter hair color and double-handkerchief bra, which they felt cheapened the singer.

Two music videos, both directed by David LaChapelle, were shot for the song and its accompanying remix. The videos introduced a less demure image of Carey, one that received negative backlash from critics. She appears in the video with a lighter hair color than she had sported in the past, and wearing a series of revealing ensembles. Reviewers disregarded Carey's newer image, primarily her double-handkerchief bra, and likened her to younger pop singers such as Britney Spears, which they felt cheapened the singer. The video begins with Cameo driving all over a racetrack, while Carey, dressed in revealing clothing, is shown singing in various "car girl" positions at the track on a hot summer day. She flags down cars as the "flag girl" and dances as a "tire girl" in a kaleidoscope-inspired sequence, before jumping out of a pop out cake to the roars of the crowd below. Several other scenes of Carey in a pink jumpsuit while riding on top of a race-car are shown, during which Cameo continues the race. A video was also made for the remix and retains most of the shots of the original. In it, Ludacris and Shawnna can be seen rapping together as they ride in an old car, while Da Brat and Twenty II rap together in a more modern car without a hood.


The music video for "Loverboy" received generally negative reviews from critics, many of whom felt Carey was portrayed in an overtly sexual manner. A writer from The Guardian criticized the video, calling it "wacky" and describing Carey's choreography as "running amok".[22] Slant Magazine's Sal Cinquemani felt the video was "brilliantly over-the-top",[40] while an anonymous columnist from NME commented that it would cause male viewers to "play with themselves" after watching.[10] In a countdown of "The 5 Least Sexiest Music Videos", Priya Elan from NME included the video at number three, writing how the singer "spins with the mad-eyed grace of someone who hasn’t been to sleep for 72 hours" (referring to Carey's mention of insomnia as a reason for her breakdown).[41] Japiya Burns of The Michigan Daily was critical of Carey's portrayal in the video, primarily her double-handkerchief bra. He felt that in doing so, Carey was cheapening herself and her image to resemble younger pop singers such as Britney Spears.[42]

Formats and track listings[edit]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits for Glitter adapted from the album's liner notes.[51]

  • Da Brat – songwriting, vocals
  • Ludacris – songwriting, vocals
  • Shawnna – songwriting, vocals
  • Twenty II – songwriting, vocals

Charts and certifications[edit]

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]