Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant
|Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant|
Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant from air
Location of Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant in Finland
|Construction began||May 1, 1971|
|Commission date||May 9, 1977|
|Owner(s)||Fortum Power and Heat OY|
|Nuclear power station|
|Units operational||2 x 510 MW PWR|
|Nameplate capacity||1,020 MW|
|Average generation||8,150 GWh|
The Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) (Finnish: Loviisan ydinvoimalaitos, Swedish: Lovisa kärnkraftverk) is located close to the Finnish town of Loviisa. It houses two Soviet-designed VVER-440/213 PWR reactors, each with a capacity of 510 MW.
The reactors at Loviisa NPP went into commercial operation in 1977 and 1980 respectively. To comply with Finnish nuclear regulation, Westinghouse and Siemens supplied equipment and engineering expertise. This unorthodox mix of US and Soviet enterprise led to the project developers being given the nickname "Eastinghouse". The plant is operated by Fortum Oyj.
The pressure vessel of Unit 1 was successfully heat annealed in 1996 in order to clear embrittlement caused by neutron bombardment and impurities of the welding seam between the two halves of the vessel.
The operating licence for both units has been renewed for a 50-year lifetime, Loviisa-1 to 2027 and Loviisa-2 to 2030.
A third reactor was proposed for the Loviisa site by Fortum Power and Heat Oy. The single reactor unit could produce up to 1000 MWt of district heating supply and from 800 - 1,600 MW of electrical generation. On 21 April 2010, the Finnish government declined the application by Fortum to build a new reactor at Loviisa.
Spent fuel from the reactors will be stored permanently at the Onkalo spent nuclear fuel repository.
- "Ärger mit Eastinghouse" [Trouble with Eastinghouse] (in German). 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- Michelsen, Karl Erik (2007). "Project Eastinghouse – teknologinen haaste Loviisassa" [Project Eastinghouse – technological challenge in Loviisa]. ATS Ydintekniikka (in Finnish) (Suomen Atomiteknillinen Seura) (3): 14–16. ISSN 0356-0473.
- "Loviisan voimalaitos" [Loviisa power plant] (in Finnish). STUK. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- Martti Antila, Tuukka Lalitinen. "Recent Core Design and Operating Experience in Loviisa NPP" (PDF). Fortum Nuclear Services Ltd, Espoo, Finland (IAEA). Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- "Finnish government says Yes to TVO and Fennovoima". Nuclear Engineering International (Global Trade Media). 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "Fortum drops AREVA-Siemens for Rolls-Royce at Loviisa". Nuclear Engineering International. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.