Low, Quebec

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Township municipality
Low QC.jpg
Nickname(s): Paugan
Low is located in Western Quebec
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°49′N 75°57′W / 45.817°N 75.950°W / 45.817; -75.950Coordinates: 45°49′N 75°57′W / 45.817°N 75.950°W / 45.817; -75.950[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
Constituted January 1, 1858
 • Mayor Morris O'Connor
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Gatineau
 • Total 277.60 km2 (107.18 sq mi)
 • Land 261.32 km2 (100.90 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 920
 • Density 3.5/km2 (9/sq mi)
 • Pop (2006–11) Decrease 3.8%
 • Dwellings 813
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0X 2C0
Area code(s) 819
Access Routes Route 105
Website www.lowquebec.ca

Low is a township municipality in the La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality of western Quebec, Canada. It is situated along the Gatineau River north of Wakefield, and it is located within Canada's National Capital Region. Its 2006 population was 956.

Low received its name from Charles Adamson Low, a lumber merchant who held timber rights in the Gatineau Valley.

A section of Low called Tucker Lake was home of the Gatineau Clog, a country music festival founded by Wayne Rostad in 1980 until 1995.

The mayor of Low is Morris O'Connor elected in November 2009. Former mayor was Michael Francis who was mayor back in the mid- eighties, and was re-elected in 1997. However Michael announced his retirement in the summer of 2009, and finished his term until November 2.


View of the Gatineau River from the Paugan Dam

Low is situated in a corner of mountainous terrain on the edge of the Gatineau Hills, but conducive to agriculture.[4] It is dotted with an abundance of lakes, most notably Sainte-Marie, Island, Doyle, cameron, and Venosta Lakes.[5]


Low represents a rare case where the township was formed after the municipality; the township dates back to 1859 whereas the municipality was founded in 1848 and the municipality township was officially established on 1 January 1857, and which came into force on 1 January 1858. It was named after Charles Adamson Low, an important timber merchant of the region in the mid 19th century, a time when many Irish immigrants settled here. Its post office was established in 1854.[4]

In 1928 the Village of Low Quebec built the Paugan hydroelectric dam. This caused the voluntarily flooding of its Village to the North Lac Saint Marie, Quebec. Because of the Dam, 90% of Lac Saint Marie village had to be relocated to more higher grounds


Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2011: 920 (2006 to 2011 population change: -3.8 %)
  • Population in 2006: 956
  • Population in 2001: 852
    • 2001 to 2006 population change: 12.2%
  • Population in 1996: 807
  • Population in 1991: 892

Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 408


  • English as first language: 48.7%
  • French as first language: 49.7%
  • Other as first language: 1.6%
Paugan Station

Paugan Hydroelectric Station[edit]

The Paugan Station (Centrale de Paugan), built in 1928, is a run-of-river hydroelectric power station and dam on the Gatineau river, operated by Hydro-Québec. It has a head of 40.5 metres (133 ft), and 8 turbines with a total capacity of 202 MW. Its reservoir is 30 square kilometres (12 sq mi).[7]


  1. ^ Reference number 37349 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 83010 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2483010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipalité de Canton de Low" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  5. ^ "Canton de Low" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. ^ "Centrale de Paugan". Hydro-Québec. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-21.