Lowell Reed

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For the U.S. federal judge (born 1930), see Lowell A. Reed, Jr.
Lowell J. Reed
Born (1886-01-08)January 8, 1886
Berlin, New Hampshire
Died April 29, 1966(1966-04-29) (aged 80)
Berlin, New Hampshire
Nationality American
Fields Statistics
Institutions Johns Hopkins University
Alma mater University of Pennsylvania
Doctoral advisor Oliver Edmunds Glenn
Doctoral students Joseph Berkson
Morton Kramer
Jacob Yerushalmy
Known for Reed–Frost model

Lowell Jacob Reed (January 8, 1886 – April 29, 1966) was 7th president of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. He was born in Berlin, New Hampshire,[1] the son of Jason Reed, a millwright and farmer, and Louella Coffin Reed.[2]

He had a long career as a research scientist in biostatistics and public health administration at Hopkins, where he was previously dean and director of the School of Public Health and later as vice president in charge of medical activities. He was an Invited Speaker at the ICM in 1924 in Toronto. In 1927 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association.[3] As a researcher, he developed a well known statistical technique for estimating the ED-50, and his work with epidemiologist Wade Hampton Frost on the Reed–Frost epidemic models also remains well known. He died in Berlin, New Hampshire in 1966.[4]

Lowell Reed attended the University of Maine, graduating in 1907 with a degree in electrical engineering. In 1915 he earned a PhD in mathematics at the University of Pennsylvania. This unusual combination of disciplines was put to use when he arrived at Johns Hopkins University in 1918, where he organized the Department of Biometry and Vital Statistics at the School of Hygiene and Public Health (now the Bloomberg School of Public Health) and was credited with coining the term ‘biostatistics.’ He became chair of that department in 1925 and, in 1947, was named vice president in charge of medical activities.[5]

Reed retired from the Hopkins faculty in June 1953, only to be recalled later that summer to serve as president when Detlev Bronk departed for Rockefeller University. In September 1953, he returned to Baltimore from his home in New Hampshire to accept the presidency, stating, “For 30-odd years, I have had a glorious time at the Hopkins. I owed it to the people there to return.” Although he made it clear that he did not plan to serve indefinitely, he did not regard himself as a caretaker or interim president. He oversaw the end of the Owen Lattimore espionage indictments (all charges were dropped in 1955), and new construction on the various Hopkins campuses, while still keeping a hand in biostatistics.[6]

Reed retired for the second and final time in 1956, succeeded as president by Milton S. Eisenhower. Returning to his beloved New Hampshire farm, he again took up his hobbies of woodworking, painting, hiking and camping, and enjoyed an active retirement until his death in 1966. Reed Hall, a residence hall for medical school students and house staff on the Johns Hopkins medical campus, was named in his honor in 1962.[7]

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ Robert Cecil Cook, ed. (1956). Who's who in American Education: A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Living Educators of the United States. Marquis Who's Who. 17. University of Michigan. p. 209. 
  2. ^ Baltimore Sun, April 30, 1966
  3. ^ View/Search Fellows of the ASA, accessed 2016-07-23.
  4. ^ Dr. Lowell Reed, A biostatistician; Former President of Johns Hopkins Is Dead at 80 The New York Times. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  5. ^ Baltimore Sun, April 30, 1966; Baltimore Evening Sun, April 29, 1966
  6. ^ Baltimore Sun, April 30, 1966; Baltimore Evening Sun, April 29, 1966
  7. ^ Baltimore Sun, April 30, 1966; Baltimore Evening Sun, April 29, 1966