Lower Bavaria

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Lower Bavaria
Map of Bavaria highlighting the  Regierungsbezirk of Lower Bavaria
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Bavaria
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Region seat Landshut
 • Total 10,329.87 km2 (3,988.39 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 1,189,153
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Website regierung.niederbayern.bayern.de
Coat of arms of Lower Bavaria

Lower Bavaria (German: Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.


Lower Bavaria is subdivided into two regions (Planungsverband) - Landshut and Donau-Wald. Recent election results mark it as the most conservative part of Germany, generally giving huge margins to the CSU. This part of Bavaria includes the Bavarian Forest, a well-known tourist destination in Germany, and the Lower Bavarian Upland.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1900 678,192 —    
1910 724,331 +0.66%
1939 755,980 +0.15%
1950 1,041,333 +2.95%
1961 927,724 −1.04%
1970 977,166 +0.58%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1987 1,027,374 +0.30%
2002 1,191,476 +0.99%
2005 1,196,923 +0.15%
2006 1,193,820 −0.26%
2008 1,193,444 −0.02%
2010 1,189,701 −0.16%

Main Sights[edit]

Next to the former ducal residences Landshut and Straubing and the baroque episcopal city of Passau, the city of Kelheim with the Befreiungshalle and Weltenburg Abbey belong to the major tourist attractions. To the scenic attractions belong the River Danube and the Bavarian Forest with Mount Großer Arber.


The duchy of Lower Bavaria was created for the first time with the First Bavarian partition in 1255 under duke Henry but there was no exact identity with the current territory. After the reunification in 1340 Bavaria was divided again in 1349, in 1353 Bavaria-Straubing and Bavaria-Landshut were created in Lower Bavaria. In 1505 Bavaria was irrevocably reunited. In 1806 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided in 15 partitions. The precursor district of today's Lower Bavaria was the Unterdonaukreis (Lower Danube District) which was expanded in 1810 and 1817. The region seat was placed in Passau during this time. In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria renamed it to Lower Bavaria and transferred the district seat to Landshut which was added to the district. In 1971 Lower Bavaria was reshaped when the districts covered were reshaped, too.


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°31′N 12°09′E / 48.517°N 12.150°E / 48.517; 12.150