Lower Hardres

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An Ordnance Survey road map of Lower Hardres and the surrounding areas in the 20th Century.
Lower Hardres
Lower Hardres War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1802452.jpg
War Memorial constructed by H G Browning to commemorate those who lost their lives in World War One
Lower Hardres is located in Kent
Lower Hardres
Lower Hardres
Lower Hardres shown within Kent
Area 9.14 km2 (3.53 sq mi)
Population 570 (Civil Parish 2011)[1]
• Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
OS grid reference TR150530
Civil parish
  • Lower Hardres
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANTERBURY
Postcode district CT4
Dialling code 01227
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°14′10″N 1°04′48″E / 51.236°N 1.080°E / 51.236; 1.080Coordinates: 51°14′10″N 1°04′48″E / 51.236°N 1.080°E / 51.236; 1.080

Lower Hardres is a village and civil parish in the City of Canterbury District of Kent, England.

History[edit]

The name of the Hardres family is perpetuated in the twin villages of Upper Hardres and Lower Hardres (pronounced 'hards'), on the Roman road, Stone Street, south-west of the city of Canterbury. The family owned the non-church land of area for 700 years after the Norman Conquest.[2]

A legal record in 1381 mentions William Sely, parson of "parva Ardres", & may indicate that a bell at Lower Hardres church was being made or repaired by John Buckingham. A debt of 45 marks is mentioned.[3]

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Lower Lardres as:

A parish in Bridge district, Kent; on Stane-street, 3 miles ESE of Chartham r. station, and 3¼ S of Canterbury.[4]

Location[edit]

Lower Hardres consists of a branch of roads that stem mainly from Canterbury. The populated areas of Lower Hardres are situated on minor roads, these being; Hardres Ct Road, Bridge Road and Faucett Hill. The parish church, St. Mary's is located on the east edge of the village, however another St, Mary's church can be found in Nackington, north of Lower Hardres on Nackington Road on the B2068.

The Parish is engulfed in the countryside with fields bordering the area. The closest city is Canterbury around 5 kilometres North of the Parish.

The Village[edit]

There are currently no schools that are currently situated in the village, however there are a few in other local areas such as Petham, Bridge and Bossingham, these contain primary schools all within a couple of miles of Lower Hardres. Garlinge Green possesses the closest secondary school to Lower Hardres and is just on the outskirts of Canterbury.[5]

John Baker White memorial hall

There are only a couple key buildings in the immediate area of the village. The village hall is situated within the center of the community and is more commonly known as the John Baker White Memorial Hall which was built in 1995. It has been awarded for its facilities and management, the hall itself is considered to be of rural nature on the outside, keeping in touch with the surroundings while boasting a more modern interior. It is home to a variety of local clubs, activities take place within the grounds and also different classes that are available for everyone. The hall can also be hired out as a venue for many different events.[6]

The Lower Hardres & Nackington Gardeners' Society also occupies the hall and supports Kents MS therapy centre where they have a stall for the centre at shows and offer activities and refreshments[7]

There are a few different businesses scattered within the immediate area such as a pet store, hair salon, office supply shop and a sport shop specializing in maintenance of facilities and safety.

The Granville is a pub that prides itself on its dining experience as well as featuring in The Good Food Guide. The Granville is divided into different sections with a sofa area, a bar area and an eating area. Customers can also dine in an enclosed garden with a patio area. The bar does also offer some traditional Kentish cuisine.[8]

St Mary's Church.

There are two farms being run from within the village, Butts Farm and Street End Farms. There is also the Lower Hardres Farm Shop that sells a variety of locally sourced, fresh produce. This can be various sweet and savoury products whilst also offering a pick your own fruit service in the summer months. They also boast an award for being "Farm Shop of the Year 2016 from the Kent Life Food and Drink Awards"[9]

Historical Buildings[edit]

Another influential building within the community when considering historical value is St Mary's, the local parish church is located on the eastern edge of the village. The church is believed to have been constructed around 1831-2 by Richmond and Hutchinson in an early English style on a similar, if not, the exact location an earlier church had occupied until being demolished. It contains a single stained glass window facing the east, behind the altar.[10] The churchyard which occupied the land before the current church contains headstones, as well as a small collection of chest tombs and oval bodystones.

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

Census information from Vision of Britain and neighbourhood statistic has been combined to create a graph to show the total population in Lower Hardres.

Statistics from the census dating back to 1801 at the earliest offers a foundation for determining population growth. From the data collected the population of Lower Hardres was found to be at 215 during 1801.

Between the 1911 and 1921 census there had been a decrease in population which could be an impact of the first world war and conscription. The same consideration for the 1931-1951 period, during the second world war, however it is hard to be sure if there had been an effect. the result of the 1951 census could be a baby boom after victory of the war. an increase from 254 to 366 in population is a huge step for this parish over a 20 year period especially with regards to the small growth from previous years.

This has fluctuated while maintaining moderate growth till 1961. results from 2001 and 2011 show a highly positive growth from 1961 to a increase in population of 557 and then to 570.

Occupation[edit]

Occupation structure of the Lower hardres community concerning both males and females obtained from the 1881 census

The dominating sector from 1881 was agriculture with a high concentration of workers, predominantly male who could have been considered more appropriate for the type of work due to physical presence. There was also a high level of populace that had unknown occupations, also being only prominent with females, this may have been the cause of childbirth as a mother that worked to care for the family at home. Other professions such as authority lodging and animal care, were given considerably fewer workers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Canterbury City Council
  3. ^ National Archives; CP 40/483; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no483/483_0080.htm, second entry; John Buckingham, is a "clarioner"; year 1381
  4. ^ "History of Lower Hardres, in Canterbury and Kent | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  5. ^ "Primary schools reviews for LowerHardres | School Guide". www.schoolguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  6. ^ Hall, Lower Hardres Village. "Welcome to Lower Hardres Village Hall". www.lowerhardresvillagehall.org. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  7. ^ "Charity Stall at Lower Hardres and Nackington Gardeners Society's Autumn Show". Kent MS Therapy Centre. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  8. ^ "The Granville | Dine in style at one of Canterbury's finest eateries". thegranvillecanterbury.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  9. ^ "Lower Hardres Farm Shop". www.lowerhardresfarmshop.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  10. ^ "St. Mary's, Lower Hardres - Canterbury DFAS". www.canterburydfas.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lower Hardres at Wikimedia Commons