Lower Lake, California

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Lower Lake, California
Location within Lake County and California
Location within Lake County and California
Coordinates: 38°54′38″N 122°36′37″W / 38.91056°N 122.61028°W / 38.91056; -122.61028Coordinates: 38°54′38″N 122°36′37″W / 38.91056°N 122.61028°W / 38.91056; -122.61028
Country United States
State California
CountyLake
Area
 • Total2.692 sq mi (6.971 km2)
 • Land2.667 sq mi (6.907 km2)
 • Water0.025 sq mi (0.064 km2)  0.92%
Elevation1,371 ft (418 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,294
 • Density480/sq mi (190/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95457
Area code(s)707
FIPS code06-44350
GNIS feature ID0277549

Lower Lake (formerly Grantville) is a census-designated place (CDP) in the southern Clear Lake region of Lake County, in northern California.[2] Lower Lake is also an Indian rancheria of the Koi Nation people.

Geography[edit]

Lower Lake is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) southwest of the City of Clearlake, and 13 miles (21 km) southeast of Kelseyville.[3] It is at an elevation of 1371 feet (418 m).[2] Lower Lake was at one point the county seat, the Lake County elections of 1867 were hotly contested with the seat moving between what is now the city of Lakeport and the town of Lower Lake, in 1870 the feud was settled and Lakeport controlled the seat. Although some believe the seat was stolen from Lower Lake, it has remained in Lakeport for over a century and no longer a topic of concern for locals. At the 2000 census, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km2), of which 7.9 square miles (20 km2) was land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.88%) was water.

History[edit]

Lower Lake was founded by E. Mitchell in 1858 as Grantville. He built the first house there.[3] The settlement's first post office was opened in 1858.[3]

The population was 1,294 at the 2010 census, down from 1,755 at the 2000 census.

The Clayton Fire started on August 12, 2016 in areas of Lake County not burned in the Valley and Rocky Point Jerusalem Fires which ravaged Lake County in the summer of 2015. On Sunday afternoon, August 14, all residents of the town were evacuated and fire razed large parts of the downtown and other areas of Lower Lake, including Copsey Creek Way. Many residents lost everything they had that infamous day. Kenneth & Julie Stevens were the first family to move back onto their land at 9522 in a new home on May 1, 2017. Soon other neighbors returned. Rebuilding continues at this time of writing, June 20, 2019.[4]

Lower Lake Stone Jail[edit]

The historic Lower Lake Stone Jail was built in 1876 in Lower Lake, from locally quarried stone. It is claimed to be the smallest jail in the United States.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Lower Lake had a population of 1,294. The population density was 480.8 people per square mile (185.6/km²). The racial makeup of Lower Lake was 1,031 (79.7%) White, 20 (1.5%) African American, 18 (1.4%) Native American, 13 (1.0%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 125 (9.7%) from other races, and 86 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 219 people (16.9%).[5]

The census reported that 1,291 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 3 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized.

There were 552 households, 146 (26.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 216 (39.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 74 (13.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 32 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 40 (7.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 190 households (34.4%) were one person and 73 (13.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 322 families (58.3% of households); the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 259 people (20.0%) under the age of 18, 96 people (7.4%) aged 18 to 24, 254 people (19.6%) aged 25 to 44, 449 people (34.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 236 people (18.2%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 46.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.

There were 705 housing units at an average density of 261.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 389 (70.5%) were owner-occupied and 163 (29.5%) were rented.The homeowner vacancy rate was 6.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 13.7%. 938 people (72.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 353 people (27.3%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 1,755 people, 716 households, and 458 families in the CDP. The population density was 223.3 people per square mile (86.2/km²). There were 869 housing units at an average density of 110.6/sq mi (42.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.44% White, 1.71% African American, 2.05% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 5.58% from other races, and 5.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.05%.[6]

Of the 716 households 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.5% of households were one person and 12.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

The age distribution was 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median household income was $24,974 and the median family income was $29,896. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,516. About 9.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Lower Lake is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 4th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry.[7]

In the United States House of Representatives, Lower Lake is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lower Lake, California
  3. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 99. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  4. ^ http://kymkemp.com/2016/08/14/sheriff-of-lake-county-declares-emergency-civilians-escaping-on-foot/
  5. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Lower Lake CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  8. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.

External links[edit]