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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
An ancient fishing village, in the parish of Largo, Lower Largo is famous as the 1676 birthplace of Alexander Selkirk, who provided inspiration for Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. A signpost at the harbour points to Juan Fernández Islands, some 7,500 miles distant, where Selkirk lived for more than four years as a castaway.
The arrival of the railway in 1856 brought many tourists to Lower Largo's sandy beach. Lower Largo has retained many historic buildings, and in 1978 it was designated as a conservation area.
The Fife Coast Railway line through Lower Largo was closed in the 1960s as part of the programme of cuts overseen by Dr. Richard Beeching, and though it has been disused since then the viaduct that dominates the village remains an important local landmark.
Other notable residents
- Rev Joseph Taylor Goodsir FRSE (1815-1893) theological author, born in Lower Largo and later minister of Lower Largo
- Peter Matthews, Theoretical physicist
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