Lower Mill, Dalham

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Dalham Mill
Dalham smock mill.jpg
Lower Mill, August 2005
Mill name Lower Mill,
Opposition Mill
Mill location TL 719 617
Coordinates 52°13′36″N 0°31′04″E / 52.22667°N 0.51778°E / 52.22667; 0.51778Coordinates: 52°13′36″N 0°31′04″E / 52.22667°N 0.51778°E / 52.22667; 0.51778
Operator(s) Private
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys One storey
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four Sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
No. of pairs of millstones Three pairs

Lower Mill or Opposition Mill is a Grade II* listed[1] smock mill at Dalham, Suffolk, England which has been preserved.


Lower Mill or Opposition Mill was built in the 1790s by a Mr Ruffle. The sails were blown off in 1802.[2] She was working until 1926 and by 1935 was in need of repairs. These were completed in 1938 but the mill again deteriorated until it was purchased in 1972 by Frank Farrow and restoration began with the intention of returning the mill to working order, assisted by grants from Suffolk County Council and the Historic Buildings Council for England.[3] The windmill's restoration work was carried out by Gormley and Goodman Engineers of Warwickshire between 1979 and 1980. (see also Bromham Watermill and Stevington Windmill, Bedfordshire.[citation needed]


For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Lower Mill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has a beehive cap with a gallery which was winded by a fantail. The four Patent sails were 27 feet (8.23 m) long and 7 feet (2.13 m) wide carried on a cast-iron windshaft. They drove three pairs of French Burr millstones which are mounted on a hurst frame on the first floor.[2]


  • William Ruffle 1804-55
  • George Moore 1855-75
  • Abraham Simpson 1875-85
  • Joseph Tabraham 1875-
  • John Tabraham 1875-
  • Josiah Tabraham
  • John Tabraham
  • Lewis Tabraham
  • Elijah Rutterford 1904
  • Charles Kerridge 1908
  • Turner -1926

Reference for above:-[2][4]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "LOWER WINDMILL, STORES HILL, DALHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK". English Heritage. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c "Dalham Village - Windmill". dalham.com. Retrieved 15 May 2009.  (Scroll down left-hand menu and select "The Windmill")
  3. ^ Regan, Dean (1997). Windmills of Suffolk. Ipswich: Dean Regan. pp. 26–28. ISBN 0-9506447-0-6. 
  4. ^ Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale. p. 166. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3.