Lower Oxford Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
|Lower Oxford Township|
|Elevation||525 ft (160.0 m)|
|Area||18.5 sq mi (47.9 km2)|
|- land||18.2 sq mi (47 km2)|
|- water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 1.62%|
|Density||285.7/sq mi (110.3/km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Lower Oxford Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 5,200 at the 2010 census. Lincoln University, a historically black university, is located in the township.
The township was also acted as an early genesis point and catalyst for large Irish and especially Scotch-Irish settlement and expansion into Chester County and points west in Pennsylvania. Part of the township was originally disputed territory between Pennsylvania and Maryland, resolved eventually by the Mason–Dixon line. One third of the township formed part of the northern section of Susquehanna Manor later known as New Connaught, a large settlement tract established by Maryland and named after the western province of Connacht in Ireland that courted Irish settlement into the area. The township was also originally part of neighboring Londonderry Township, named after Londonderry, Ireland, and settled by Irish (primarily Scotch-Irish) settlers entering Pennsylvania.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 18.5 square miles (48 km2), of which 18.2 square miles (47 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.83%, is water.
At the 2010 census, the township was 53.1% non-Hispanic White, 35.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and 2.3% were two or more races. 10.6% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,319 people, 986 households, and 799 families residing in the township. The population density was 237.2 people per square mile (91.6/km²). There were 1,018 housing units at an average density of 55.9/sq mi (21.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 61.31% White, 34.50% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 2.92% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.53% of the population.
There were 986 households, out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the township the population was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 18, 34.1% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 14.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $49,766, and the median income for a family was $51,809. Males had a median income of $39,205 versus $25,521 for females. The per capita income for the township was $15,475. About 6.3% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- George Johnston (1 June 2009). History of Cecil County, Maryland. Genealogical Publishing Com. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-0-8063-7988-3.
- "Pennsylvania: Scotch-Irish Centre". www.libraryireland.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Henry Jones Ford (1915). The Scotch-Irish in America. Princeton University Press. pp. 263–.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.