Lowest bridging point
The lowest bridging point (or lowest crossing point) is the location on a river which is crossed by a bridge at its closest point to the sea.
Historically - that is, before the development of engineering technology that allowed the construction of tunnels and high-level road bridges - the lowest bridging point of a river was frequently the point at which an important town or city grew up, and particularly where trade and commerce took place. The place could be served by roads on either side of the river, allowing access from a wide hinterland; had river transport available upstream; and often was at a location that allowed seagoing traffic to approach it from a downstream direction.
Examples of historic lowest bridging points in Britain include London (London Bridge), the lowest bridging point on the Thames; Lancaster, the lowest bridging point on the Lune; York, the lowest bridging point on the Ouse; Exeter (the Old Exe Bridge) on the river Exe; and Gloucester, the lowest bridging point on the Severn. Glasgow grew up at the lowest bridging point on the Clyde, which was about 12 miles (19 km) upstream from its lowest fording point at Dumbuck. Mathew Paris’s map of 1247 appears to show only one bridge in the whole of Britain: at Stirling, the lowest bridging point on the River Forth.
- Barcelona Field Studies Centre: Urban Geography Glossary. Retrieved 24 February 2014
- Neil Anthony Punnett, The New Wider World, Nelson Thornes, 2003, p.42
- Andrew White, Lancaster: a history, Phillimore, 2003, p.125
- D. M. Palliser, Medieval York: 600-1540, Oxford University Press, 2014, p.7
- A. F. Martin, "The Upper Thames basin", in Jean B. Mitchell (ed.), Great Britain: Geographical Essays, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p.150
- "Stirling Old Bridge". Scotland's Oldest Bridges. The catalogue contains 525 bridges. Retrieved 7 April 2017.