Lowlands (festival)

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Lowlands
Lowlands 2019.jpg
The characteristic chimneys of Lowlands 2019 in the Cape Lowlands area, accessible 24 hours a day during the festival weekend.
DatesThird weekend of August
Location(s)Spijk en Bremerberg, Biddinghuizen, Netherlands
CoordinatesCoordinates: 52°25′58″N 5°45′55″E / 52.43278°N 5.76528°E / 52.43278; 5.76528
Years active1993–present
Founded byMojo Concerts, Loc7000
Attendance~55,000
WebsiteOfficial website

A Campingflight to Lowlands Paradise (commonly called Lowlands or Lowlands Festival), is an annual three-day music and performing arts festival, held in the Netherlands. The festival is held 68 kilometres (42 mi) east of Amsterdam in Biddinghuizen, at Spijk en Bremerberg, which is adjacent to Walibi Holland.

Although the main focus is on music - rock, pop, dance, hip hop and alternative - Lowlands also offers indoor and outdoor cinema, (street) theatre, cabaret and stand-up, ballet, literature and comic strips.

In recent years, the festival is attended by around 55,000 visitors, and features over 200 acts on more than ten stages every year which are named according to the NATO phonetic alphabet apart from the Heineken stage (named after the beer brewer Heineken, the main sponsor of the festival since 2015). The majority of stages are inside large tents to protect spectators against inclement weather, with the largest being approximately the size of a regulation football pitch.

History[edit]

1967-1968: Origin and debacle[edit]

The festival is a successor to one of the very first Dutch pop festivals: A Flight to Lowlands Paradise that was organised in November 1967 by the Utrecht-based artist and painter Bunk Bessel. This festival took place in the Margriethal of Jaarbeurs Utrecht. The entry fee was 10 Dutch guilders (approximately €4.50), including breakfast. This 18-hour-long event had no top acts but included experimental theatre, dancing, poetry, films, body painting and massage.

On 28 December 1968, this festival was held a second time, postponed by a month from its original date of 23 November in an attempt to get Jimi Hendrix to attend the event. This could not be arranged, and other large acts such as Jeff Beck and Jethro Tull were cancelled. However, Pink Floyd remained on the bill. In the end, the show was sold out to its capacity of 18,000 visitors, though many attendees were unable to get inside resulting in unrest and police intervention.[1]

1993-1997: Revival and growth[edit]

A Lowlands ticket in 1993 with a price of 75 guilders, about 34 euros.

In August 1993 the first edition of "A Campingflight To Lowlands Paradise" takes place after Willem Venema revived it. Weather conditions are moderate: barely 15 degrees celsius and rain on Friday and Sunday being the best day with a maximum of 18 degrees celsius. Tickets were bought at the entrance for 75 guilders and people receive a drawn floor plan. People are allowed to put up a tent to the left after the entrance with behind it a camping shop. The festival site consists of nothing more than a small stage tent and a larger one. People visit the festival for Rage Against The Machine and on Saturday Urban Dance Squad. Organizer Mojo Concerts aims for 10,000 visitors, but only 7,000 finally visit the festival. A month prior the festival was almost canceled because of messy organization and slow ticket sales. However, Mojo continued and made sure the line-up consisted of big names. This was partly possible because Lowlands is programmed in the same weekend as Pukkelpop (Belgium) and Reading (Great Britain), so the big American rock bands didn't have to come across for only one performance.[2] 1994 was the first edition in which certain things would become characteristic for the following decades. Tents are named after the NATO phonetic alphabet: Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie. Peter te Bos, singer of rock band Claw Boys Claw and a graphic designer, takes care of the design and mascot: "Rapid Razor Bob" with a razor mouth. This style would stay the appearance of Lowlands for more than twenty years, until the collaboration ended in October 2016. Partly due to the extra tent, up to 12,500 people come to Lowlands, five thousand people more than the year before.[3]

External video
The 1995 Osdorp Posse performance
The orange war

Rapid growth continues the next year in 1995: 20,000 people visit the festival. Different this year is that it becomes a broader cultural festival. The three tent for music from the year before (Alpha, Bravo, Charlie) are back, with a new tent for theatre called Delta and the Echo for comedy. For the first time ever the festival is sold out. Because of electricity issues, The Prodigy's performance was delayed till later in the evening. Amsterdam hip hop group Osdorp Posse had their performance early Saturday evening in the Charlie tent. Frontman Def P shouts "They should have fucking put us in the big tent, pull a fucking tent peg out of the ground and let the cancer ceiling collapse". Security people headed towards the Charlie tent to keep order. According to Def P it was a miracle that there were no deaths.[4]

In 1996 Lowlands becomes a big 'crossover' festival, showcasing many different types of genres like pop, rock, grunge, dance, house, hiphop and a lot in between. Side programming consisting of film and cabaret also expands. The festival grows to 31,000 visitors and the price of a ticket doubled since 1993 to 140 guilders (about 63,50 euros). There are more than 100 acts and 6 tents. Two new tents are introduced: Foxtrot and Golf. More different types of food is introduced, something which distinguishes Lowlands from other festivals. Instead of only fries and burgers, people can choose from Mexican, Spanish, Italian and Surinam cuisine, and even a separate stand for vegetarians. Sunday evening a few visitors pull over a few containers with squeezed oranges behind a juice stall, which start a big, meanwhile iconic, fight with orange peels.[5]

In 1997 gabber is very popular and Lowlands decided to make place for Dj Dano, however, he quickly got beer thrown at him and stopped his performance in the Alpha early. It showed visitors of Lowlands drew a line in terms of the variety of music genres. Punkband Pennywise stops its performance after 20 minutes because a crowdsurfing girl falls and gets angry at the security shouting "Why didn’t you catch that girl? I saw her breaking her arm, you damned motherfucker." after which security leaves and fans climb on stage in anarchy. The 1997 edition received 40,000 visitors, paying 145 guilders. In five years time, the festival grew in fivefold and is almost as big as older Pinkpop. Infrastructure can't keep up and people complain it's too crowded. However people and newspapers still praised the festival.[6] Life of Agony released a CD of their unplugged set from the Lowlands Festival in 1997, entitled Unplugged at the Lowlands Festival '97.

1998-2002: The "bridge of death" and end to rapid growth[edit]

Instead of growing in amounts of tents, Lowlands needed to grow in surface area. In order to do this they crossed the trunk road in 1998 by building an improvised bridge and hosted the camping on the other side. The bridge nowadays has the nickname "the bridge of death" because it's very hard for visitors to cross the bridge with their packaging and it became an icon for Lowlands. Also, for the first time ever, Lowlands stopped using the NAVO phonetic alphabet for tent names to give priority to commercial parties. Delta became Dommelsch, named after the beer supplier. The 1998 edition received 45.000 visitors. On Friday evening, lots of people headed to the Alpha stage to see the Beastie Boys with their worldwide hit song Intergalactic. However, it was so crowded people in the front came under pressure and the show got stopped temporarily in order for the band to ask people to stop pushing and help other people get up.[7]

In 1999 Lowlands reaches a state which shows many things at the terrain will remain the same for years ahead, because of maximum use of capacity. A new medium sized tent called India is introduced for smaller pop and rock bands. The Dommelsch becomes a outdoor cinema after 23.00 and the night programming becomes more important as in almost all tents dj's and parties keep going on till late. Lowlands also expands more on the cultural side with serious theatre, stand-up comedy and literature. About 58.000 people visit the festival and pay 160 guilders for a ticket. At the camping, a visitor climbs in a light pole but falls and doesn't survive.[8][9]

The ninth edition of Lowlands in 2000 starts with a minute of silence and a strict crowd-surfing prohibition because of the Roskilde incident, at which 9 people died at a Pearl Jam performance.[10]

In 2001 even more people visit the festival, but maximum capacity seems reached, with 57.000 people. At the same time, this edition was the warmest ever (till 2012 beat the record) with 30 degrees celsius on Sunday.[11]

With the introduction of the euro, prices of Lowlands went up from 195 guilders (88,50) in 2001 to 97,50 euro in 2002, however prices had been raised anyway so the euro didn't have much impact. 60,000 people visit the festival, but this seems too much. People complain about the crowdedness and weather conditions are bad. Festival director Eric van Eerdenburg, who had just been appointed, sees something needs to change in order to make Lowlands the festival people always loved.[12]

2003-2012: Needs for innovation and golden era[edit]

In 2003, festival director Eric van Eerdenburg takes measures because Lowlands 2002 was too crowded and had a for many people disappointing line-up. For the first time ever the festival did not sell out and less people visited the festival, from 60.000 in 2002 to 48.000 in 2003. Ticket pricing goes from 97.50 euros to 107.50 euros which might have crossed a psychological limit. For the first time, biodegradable plastic is used. The Charlie tent disappears and the large Dommelsch stage is exchanged for a covered tent with the same name (this tent is later renamed to Grolsch in 2004 and to Heineken in 2015). Also, silent disco headphones are introduced.[13]

The entrance to Lowlands in 2004.

A running gag takes over entire Lowlands in 2004: a year earlier, a boy named Theo Vlaar stepped out of the line at the entrance to pee, but upon his return, he lost his friends. They kept calling him and other people took over. This continued in 2004 and the years to come and shouting "Theo!" (or other random names) became part of Lowlands subculture. Just like in 2003, Lowlands does not sell out, but nonetheless 4,000 more people show up. 52,000 people visit the festival. For the first time there is a deposit on plastic cups. When handing in a few, people earn a coin (about 2 euros).[14][15]

In 2005 Lowlands is doing better and makes good progress, also because the festival was shifted a week forward, from the last to the third weekend of August, because there are then more major international acts nearby. Lowlands sells out at the door.[16]

A year later Lowlands is doing even better. In 2006, all tickets sell out a month prior. The X-ray is introduced, a dome of corrugated galvanised iron at which more experimental, border-seeking acts are programmed. Also the "Magneetbar" (Magnet bar) is introduced, a small tent for visitors to perform.[17]

In 2007, the festival sells out again, but it takes a week longer than in 2006. The Magneetbar gets bigger because of its popularity. A year later in 2008, all tickets had been sold on 21 June. The festival was never sold out so quick.[18][19]

For the first and last time ever, the ticket sales in 2010 start with a launch party. It seemed very effective as it took only 1 week in February to sell out all tickets. According to the organization, this was not the intention because loyal visitors didn't have a fair chance.[20]

In 2011 the financial crisis is still partly going on, and the First Rutte cabinet, which was appointed in October 2010, had to make major cuts. The culture sector was one of the main victims, including an increase in VAT on concert tickets as of January 1, 2011. Lowlands took measures and started the ticket sale way earlier in November 2010. This was a success and within 2 hours all tickets had been sold (after all the VAT increase was delayed by 6 months and after the fall of the First Rutte cabinet in April 2012, the VAT increase was reversed). For the first time in a decade Lowlands changes the terrain again. The Bravo tent is moved to make room for something new: the Titty Twïster, a strip club with literature at day and striptease performers at night.[21]

With 27 degrees celsius on Friday and even warmer temperatures on Saturday and Sunday, Lowlands 2012 becomes the warmest Lowlands ever. Foo Fighters was programmed to give a 2,5 hour lasting performance, but stopped after 2 hours because it was too warm.[22]

Editions[edit]

Note: the organization of Lowlands marks 1993 as the official first edition. Prices prior to the introduction of the euro on 1 January 2002 have been converted from guilders to euros.

Edition Year Dates Headliners Coin price (euros) Ticket price (euros) Attendance or Sales
1st 1967 24, 25 November N/A 4,50 8,000
2nd 1968 28, 29 December N/A 4,50 18,000
3rd 1993 27, 28, 29 August 1,20 34 7,800
4th 1994 26, 27, 28 August 1,15 43 12,500
5th 1995 25, 26, 27 August 1,15 52 20,000
6th 1996 23, 24, 25 August 1,23 63,50 30,000
7th 1997 22, 23, 24 August 1,25 65,79 40,000
8th 1998 28, 29, 30 August 1,27 68 45,000
9th 1999 27, 28, 29 August 1,32 73 55,000
10th 2000 25, 26, 27 August 1,36 79,50 57,500
11th 2001 24, 25, 26 August 1,59 88,50 57,500
12th 2002 23, 24, 25 August 1,75 97,50 60,000
13th 2003 29, 30, 31 August 1,85 107,50 48,000
14th 2004 20, 21, 22 August 2,00 115 52,000
15th 2005 19, 20, 21 August 2,00 115 53,000
16th 2006 18, 19, 20 August 2,10 117,50 55,000
17th 2007 17, 18, 19 August 2,20 125 55,000
18th 2008 15, 16, 17 August 2,30 135 55,000
19th 2009 21, 22, 23 August 2,40 140 55,000
20th 2010 20, 21, 22 August 2,50 145 55,000
21st 2011 19, 20, 21 August 2,50 155 57,500
22nd 2012 17, 18, 19 August 2,60 175 55,000
23rd 2013 16, 17, 18 August 2,60 175 55,000
24th 2014 15, 16, 17 August 2,60 185 55,000
25th 2015 21, 22, 23 August 2,60 185 48,206
26th 2016 19, 20, 21 August 2,60 185 50,216
27th 2017 18, 19, 20 August 2,75[23] 185 55,000
28th 2018 17, 18, 19 August 2,80[24] 195[25] 60,000
29th 2019 16, 17, 18 August 2,90[26] 200[27] 60,000
30th 2020 21, 22, 23 August

Performances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Flight to Lowlands Paradise 1967 - 1968: succes en debacle". Nieuws030. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  2. ^ "Lowlands 1993: Kaartjes kocht je gewoon bij de ingang". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  3. ^ "Lowlands 1994: Die keer dat Jeff Buckley er was". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  4. ^ "Lowlands 1995: Trek die fokking haring uit de grond". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "Lowlands 1996: Een steeds breder festival". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  6. ^ "Lowlands 1997: In vijf jaar vervijfvoudigd". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  7. ^ augustus 1998, Sietse Meijer 29. "Lowlands 1998: Gemeen koud en 18 millimeter regen". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  8. ^ "Lowlands 1999: Het einde van de opbouwfase". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  9. ^ "Lowlands 1999: Hoogtepunten, headliners, ticketprijs en muntprijs - Historie en archief - Lowlove: For the love of Lowlands". Lowlove. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  10. ^ "Lowlands 2000: In de nasleep van het Roskilde-drama". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  11. ^ "Lowlands 2001: De hitte en de inslaande bliksem". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  12. ^ "Lowlands 2002: Waarom was zo'n festival ook alweer leuk?". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  13. ^ "Lowlands 2003: Het debuut van de Silent Disco". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  14. ^ "Lowlands 2004: 'Zo goed, je wordt er bijna misselijk van'". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  15. ^ "Waarom riepen Lowlands-bezoekers massaal 'Theo!'?". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  16. ^ "Lowlands 2005: Ruud Lubbers, Arcade Fire en Watskeburt". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  17. ^ "Lowlands 2006: Muziek in het MySpace-tijdperk". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  18. ^ "Lowlands 2007: Al die afzeggers, en toch nog zoveel moois". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  19. ^ "Lowlands 2008: Crisis, welke crisis?". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  20. ^ "Lowlands 2010: Een zorgeloos meezing- en springfestijn". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  21. ^ "Lowlands 2011: Het hoogtepunt van de hype". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  22. ^ "Lowlands 2012: De warmste Lowlands ooit". NRC. Retrieved Nov 3, 2019.
  23. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20170818201830/http://lowlands.nl/veelgestelde-vragen#wat-is-de-muntprijs
  24. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180803231008/http://lowlands.nl:80/veelgestelde-vragen#wat-is-de-muntprijs
  25. ^ https://www.festivalinfo.nl/festival/24263/Lowlands/2018/
  26. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20190514220109/https://lowlands.nl/veelgestelde-vragen/#wat-is-de-muntprijs
  27. ^ https://www.festivalinfo.nl/festival/25855/Lowlands/2019/

External links[edit]