Lowndes County, Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lowndes County
Lowndes County Courthouse in Columbus
Lowndes County Courthouse in Columbus
Map of Mississippi highlighting Lowndes County
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°28′N 88°26′W / 33.47°N 88.44°W / 33.47; -88.44
Country United States
State Mississippi
Founded1830
Named forWilliam Jones Lowndes
SeatColumbus
Largest cityColumbus
Area
 • Total516 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Land506 sq mi (1,310 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  2.1%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total59,799
 • Estimate 
(2018)
58,930
 • Density120/sq mi (45/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitelowndescountyms.com

Lowndes County is a county on the eastern border of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 59,779.[1] Its county seat is Columbus.[2] The county is named for U.S. Congressman and slave owner William Jones Lowndes.[3]

Lowndes County comprises the Columbus, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area.[4] Since the late 20th century, it has been designated as one of three counties in the Golden Triangle region of the state.

History[edit]

This upland area was settled by European Americans who wanted to develop cotton plantations to produce what became the largest commodity crop in the state.

In the period from 1877 to 1950, Lowndes County had 19 documented lynchings of African Americans, third to Carroll and Leflore counties, which had 29 and 48, respectively. This form of racial terrorism was at its height in the decades around the turn of the 20th century, which followed the state's disenfranchisement of most blacks in 1890 through creating barriers to voter registration.[5]

Geography[edit]

Lowndes County lies on the east side of Mississippi, bordering the U.S. state of Alabama. Its terrain was completely wooded before settlement; at present its more level areas have been cleared and turned to agricultural or urban use, with the drainages (about 40% of the total area) still wooded.[6] The Tennessee−Tombigbee Waterway flows south-southeastward through the center of the county, with a significant lock system (John C. Stennis Lock and Dam) near Columbus. The county's highest point (450 feet/137 meters ASL) is a small rise near the county's NE corner.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 506 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.1%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]


Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18303,173
184014,513357.4%
185019,54434.7%
186023,62520.9%
187030,50229.1%
188028,244−7.4%
189027,047−4.2%
190029,0957.6%
191030,7035.5%
192027,632−10.0%
193029,9878.5%
194035,24517.5%
195037,8527.4%
196046,63923.2%
197049,7006.6%
198057,30415.3%
199059,3083.5%
200061,5863.8%
201059,779−2.9%
2018 (est.)58,930[9]−1.4%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census[edit]

Lowndes County Racial Composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White 29,363 49.87%
Black or African American 25,885 43.96%
Native American 110 0.19%
Asian 514 0.87%
Pacific Islander 16 0.03%
Other/Mixed 1,668 2.83%
Hispanic or Latino 1,323 2.25%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 58,879 people, 22,436 households, and 14,654 families residing in the county.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 59,779 people in the county. 54.0% were White, 43.5% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 61,586 people, 22,849 households, and 16,405 families in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km2). There were 25,104 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.47% White, 41.56% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,849 households, out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 18.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13.

The county population contained 28.60% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 89.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,123, and the median income for a family was $38,248. Males had a median income of $31,792 versus $20,640 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,514. About 18.00% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.80% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Portions of Lowndes County are served by the Columbus Municipal School District, Lowndes County School District, and the Mississippi Association of Independent Schools – Lowndes County Division.

The Columbus Municipal School District includes:

  • Columbus High School
  • Columbus Middle School
  • McKellar Technology Center
  • Joe Cook Elementary Fine Arts Magnet School
  • Fairview Elementary Aerospace and Science Magnet School
  • Franklin Academy Elementary Medical Sciences and Wellness Magnet School
  • Sale Elementary International Studies Magnet School
  • Stokes-Beard Elementary Communication and Technology Magnet School
  • Columbus Alternative School

The Lowndes County School District has three areas, each with an elementary school, a middle school, and a high school

  • Caledonia Schools
  • New Hope Schools
  • West Lowndes Schools

The Mississippi Association of Independent Schools – Lowndes County Division has provided five private and parochial schools for Lowndes County

  • Heritage Academy High School
  • Heritage Academy Elementary School
  • Columbus Christian Academy
  • Victory Christian Academy
  • Annunciation Catholic School

Colleges and universities[edit]

Mississippi University for Women is located in Columbus. Lowndes County is within the service area of the East Mississippi Community College system.[16] The Golden Triangle Campus is located in Mayhew, an unincorporated area in Lowndes County. The system also offers classes at the Columbus Air Force Base Extension in Columbus.[17]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Hill City

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Lowndes County, Mississippi[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,800 50.66% 13,087 48.04% 354 1.30%
2016 13,271 51.65% 11,819 46.00% 605 2.35%
2012 13,518 49.78% 13,388 49.30% 252 0.93%
2008 13,994 50.95% 13,209 48.09% 262 0.95%
2004 13,690 56.41% 10,408 42.88% 172 0.71%
2000 11,404 59.30% 7,537 39.19% 289 1.50%
1996 9,169 56.40% 6,220 38.26% 869 5.35%
1992 10,509 55.80% 6,552 34.79% 1,774 9.42%
1988 11,258 64.96% 5,993 34.58% 80 0.46%
1984 12,049 66.29% 6,078 33.44% 50 0.28%
1980 9,973 60.98% 6,187 37.83% 195 1.19%
1976 8,003 54.44% 6,181 42.05% 516 3.51%
1972 10,098 78.70% 2,398 18.69% 335 2.61%
1968 1,968 17.85% 2,229 20.22% 6,829 61.94%
1964 6,135 92.01% 533 7.99% 0 0.00%
1960 2,010 42.95% 1,240 26.50% 1,430 30.56%
1956 1,205 29.21% 2,308 55.94% 613 14.86%
1952 2,670 62.27% 1,618 37.73% 0 0.00%
1948 66 2.25% 116 3.95% 2,755 93.80%
1944 360 13.98% 2,216 86.02% 0 0.00%
1940 147 6.08% 2,268 93.80% 3 0.12%
1936 56 2.34% 2,328 97.24% 10 0.42%
1932 50 2.12% 2,305 97.50% 9 0.38%
1928 185 7.97% 2,136 92.03% 0 0.00%
1924 62 3.61% 1,655 96.39% 0 0.00%
1920 51 5.16% 928 93.93% 9 0.91%
1916 29 2.72% 1,028 96.53% 8 0.75%
1912 12 1.32% 872 95.82% 26 2.86%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. US Government Printing Office. p. 191.
  4. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
  5. ^ Lynching in America, 3rd edition[permanent dead link], Supplement by County, p. 6
  6. ^ Lowndes County MS (Google Maps, accessed 24 September 2020)
  7. ^ Lourdes County High Point, Mississippi (PeakBagger.com, accessed 24 September 2020)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  15. ^ "US Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "CATALOG 2007-2009 Archived 18 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine." East Mississippi Community College. 3 (3/147). accessed 1 March 2011.
  17. ^ CATALOG 2007-2009 Archived 18 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. East Mississippi Community College. 10 (10/147). Accessed 1 March 2011.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 4, 2018.

Coordinates: 33°28′N 88°26′W / 33.47°N 88.44°W / 33.47; -88.44