Lowrider bicycle

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El Rey Lowrider Bicycle.
This lowrider bicycle shows the movement of lowrider bicycles .
Estilo Lowrider Bike Club.

A lowrider bicycle is a highly customized bicycle with styling inspired by lowrider cars.[1] These bikes often feature a long, curved banana seat with a sissy bar and very tall upward-swept ape hanger handlebars. A lot of chrome, velvet, and overspoked wheels[1] are common accessories to these custom bicycles.

These bikes are typically a highly individualized creation. Despite the fact that these bikes originated within the poverty of the barrio, lowrider bikes can often be anything but cheap. [2]

Noted American bicycle mechanic, technical expert, and author Sheldon Brown wrote of lowrider bicycles,

History[edit]

Lowrider bikes first appeared in the 1960s in California. Children would emulate the craft of lowrider cars with their bicycles as a canvas for creativity, usually starting with common muscle bikes. This allowed those who were too young to drive a car to have a custom vehicle. In 1963, Schwinn was the first company to launch a muscle bike, in the form of the Schwinn Sting-Ray.[4] Lowrider bicycles had a resurgence of popularity the 90s, as lowrider bicycle competition at lowrider shows started to become intense, as a result of the increased popularity, classic Schwinns became far more scarce as well as more expensive. Stemming from this new popularity a magazine titled 'Lowrider Bicycle Magazine' started publication in 1993.

One of the first trendsettering bicycles was the infamous "Claim Jumper," owned by Danny Galvez, Jr. of Los Angeles, California. As the first cover bike for LRB, it made history as it was on the debut Winter ’93 issue.

A man by the name of Warren Wong has a rightful place as a pioneer in lowrider bicycle history. Warren worked with BMX and freestyle bikes, but his desire to be different revolutionized the industry, and he eventually became known as the "Wheel King." with his "Body Count" clover-laced design. These were the first lowrider bicycle wheels, which would later evolve and be duplicated by many.

Although California was the hub of lowriding with all the cover bicycles from the early editions of Lowrider Bicycle Magazine being from California, eventually the lowrider bike craze spread to other States of America as well as other countries such as Australia and the Philippines

In 1996, Kodak launched a commercial campaign for their Advantage camera systems, which focused on lifestyle. Rene Vargas and his "Gangster Madness" bike from the November/December ’95 issue of Lowrider Bicycle Magazine was one of the first lowrider bikes to be featured in a nation-wide commercial, which debuted during the ’96 Summer Olympics. This was the beginning for more usage of lowrider bikes in commercials, as industry wanted to capitalize on the trend.

Eddie Munster's custom bicycle, created by George Barris and Skip Barrett of Barris Kustom Industries, is sometimes credited with spreading the popularity of lowriders,[5][6]

Popular source bicycles[edit]

Tomos Low-Rider Folding Bike.

Some makes of bicycles are particularly popular among lowrider builders.

-Schwinn Sting-Ray, one of the most sought after bases for a lowrider build. The bicycles was American-produced (usually 20"),

-Schwinn Tiger is popular in smaller sizes such as 16"

-Schwinn Pixie

-Malvern Star and Speedwell dragster bicycles both in short and long frame varieties are popular bicycles of choice in Australia

- Bratz beauty bikes are popular both in Australia, America and other countries.

-Aztlan Cruiser

- Pre-built and even custom-made one-of-a-kind lowriders are available from lowrider bicycle shops and even some lowrider car workshops. Some top lowrider bicycles shops are Manny's (Compton), Fantasy Toys Lowrider & Hobby (Cleveland), Krazy Kutting (Yuma).

Modifications[edit]

Basic or classic characteristics of a lowrider bike (most accessories are highly polished chrome, though gold can also be used for added flare):

  • Baby Daytons — like the car rims, they are over-spoked — 144 chromed spokes per wheel is usual — and radially laced, with white-wall tyres
  • banana seats
  • custom upholstery
  • customized sissy bar
  • Ape hanger or Schwinn-type handlebars
  • "Springer forks" — "old school" spring-action suspension for the front forks
  • Fenders both front and back
  • Chain steering wheel

Some custom modifications include twisted forks, spokes or handlebars, what are known as "bird cages" (twisted metal strips that resemble a bird cage) that are cut and welded onto handlebars, sissy bars or pedals. Many bikes also feature custom framework such as tanks and skirts which are the addition of sheets of metal, usually welded onto the frame to give it a "filled-in" look. Some lowrider bicycles even have air or hydraulic cylinders set-up to emulate the height adjustable suspension of lowrider motor cars.

Lowrider tricycles[edit]

Some lowrider bikes are modified into lowrider tricycles, for style. Converting a lowrider bicycle into a tricycle often allows the bike to sit closer to the ground while still being rideable, and even hop without falling over if they have airbag suspension or hydraulic suspension. Converting a bicycle into a tricycle often creates extra carry-space at the back of the bike.

The space between the two rear wheels is sometimes used to mount either a two-seater "love seat", a "boombox," or even pumps for hydraulic or air suspension.

Commercially bolt on conversion kits to convert any existing lowrider bicycle into a tricycle are available from many sources.

Lowrider Bicycle magazine[edit]

This is a photo of every lowrider bicycle magazine collection in order from 1993-2005

Lowrider Bicycle (LRB) magazine (published by Lowrider), debuted in the winter of 1993, bringing the culture of lowrider bicycle to mainstream America.[7]

LRB notable moments:[7]

  • first cover bike: "Claim Jumper," by Danny Galvez, Jr. of Los Angeles, California (LRB Winter 1993)
  • first out-of-California cover bike: "Smile Now, Cry Later" ('69 Huffy), by Patrick Torrez of Silver City, New Mexico (LRB July/August '95
  • first Hawaii cover bike: "Tribute to the Gods" (candy-painted '77 Sting-Ray), by Kainoa Piscusa of Hawaii (LRB March/April '96)
  • first Texas cover bike: "Space Age Cruiser," by Freddy Velasquez of Houston, Texas
  • first Arizona cover bike: "Fire Dragon," by Julian Cons of Arizona

LRB Lowrider Bike of the Year[7][edit]

  • 1993 — Gold Rush
  • 1994 — Field Of Dreams
  • 1995 — Twisted Obsession
  • 1996 — Casino Dreamin
  • 1997 — Casino Dreamin
  • 1998 — Casino Dreamin
  • 1999 — Casino Dreamin
  • 2000 — Wolverine II
  • 2001 — Spawn
  • 2002 — Spawn
  • 2003 — Wolverine III
  • 2004 — Prophecy
  • 2005 — Prophecy
  • 2006 — Pinnacle
  • 2007 — Pinnacle

LRT Trike of the Year[7][edit]

  • 1997 — Fatal Attraction
  • 1998 — The Crow
  • 1999 — Knight's Quest
  • 2000 — Knight's Quest
  • 2001 — Livin Legend
  • 2002 — Lil Outer Limits
  • 2003 — Dragons Revenge
  • 2004 — Dragons Revenge
  • 2005 — Lil Outer Limits
  • 2006 — Pocket Change

Lowrider Bicycle Club of the Year[edit]

  • 2000 Legions Bike Club

In popular culture[edit]

In 1994, the AirWalk shoe company made a commercial featuring lowrider bikes.[8]

In 1996, Marianne Dissard and Robert Kramer made the documentary film Low y Cool with the South Tucson, Arizona, lowrider bicycle club Los Camaradas.[9]

Also in 1996, as part of Kodak's Advantage camera systems advertising campaigns, the company shot Rene Vargas and his "Gangster Madness" bike (featured on the Nov./Dec. '95 issue of LRB) for a nationwide commercial, which debuted during the 1996 Summer Olympics.[7]

This was the beginning for more usage of lowrider bikes in commercials, as the industry loved the lifestyle involved with the bikes and wanted to capitalize on the hot youth trend.[7]

In 2000, Sprite shot a television commercial focusing on the youth of lowriding, which featured four-time LRB Bike of the Year Champion Mike Lopez, Jr. and his club, Finest Kreations. (After "retiring," Lopez, Jr. also traveled to Europe to display his bike in a cultural exhibition.)[7]

In 2001, PepsiCo made a commercial titled What's Your Thirst."[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brown, Sheldon. "Lowrider". Sheldon Brown. Retrieved 2010-06-30. Lowrider bicycles are a fad design of bicycles, inspired by the wheelie bikes of the 1960's with very long wheelbases. 
  2. ^ http://thebi-cycle.blogspot.com.au/2012/10/lowrider-bikes-history.html
  3. ^ "Sheldon Brown's Bicycle Glossary L". sheldonbrown.com. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  4. ^ Liz Fried (August 1997). Schwinn Sting-Ray. Motorbooks International. ISBN 0-7603-0330-4.
  5. ^ "Lowrider Bicycle History". Retrieved 2010-06-30. Joining these was Eddie Munster's wildly modified '64 Sting-Ray.Every self-respecting kid in America wanted a Schwinn Sting-Ray like Eddie Munster's. 
  6. ^ John Brain. "History of Kustom Biking: George Barris and the Munster Chain Bike". Retrieved 2010-06-30. Kids who watched the "Munsters" in the 1960s never got to see Eddie's chain bike, and only a few insiders knew anything about the chain bike story until about ten years ago. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Lowrider Bicycle History: LRB looks back on a decade of pedal scrapin'," Lowrider Bicycle (June 24, 2003).
  8. ^ Collective Brands (April 14, 2994). "AirWalk Lowrider Bicycle Commercial". ZuluKilozOner. Retrieved 2014-07-30.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ M.A.S. Burrito (April 14, 2012). "low y cool". Pocho. Retrieved 2012-04-15. 
  10. ^ Pepsi CO (July 21, 2001). "Whats Your Thirst". ZuluKilozOner. Retrieved 2014-07-30.