Galbraith Lowry Cole
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole 1834 by William Dyce
|Born||1 May 1772|
|Died||4 October 1842 (aged 70)|
Highfield Park, Hampshire, England
|Years of service||1787–1833|
|Unit||27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot|
|Commands held||4th Division|
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath|
|Other work||Governor of Mauritius 1823–1828|
Governor of the Cape Colony 1828–1833
Cole was the second son of an Irish peer, William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen (1 March 1736–22 May 1803), and Anne Lowry-Corry (d. September 1802), the daughter of Galbraith Lowry-Corry of Tyrone, and the sister of Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore.
Cole was commissioned a cornet in 1787, and served in the West Indies, Ireland, and Egypt. He served as brigadier general in Sicily and commanded the 1st Brigade at the Battle of Maida on 4 July 1806. In 1808 he was promoted to major-general, to lieutenant-general in 1813 and full general in 1830.
He was colonel of the 27th Foot, commanded the 4th Division in the Peninsular War under Wellington, and was wounded at the Battle of Albuera in which he played a decisive part. He was also wounded, much more seriously, at Salamanca.
For having served with distinction in the battles of Maida, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez and Toulouse, he received the Army Gold Cross with four clasps. In 1815 he became General Officer Commanding Northern District.
Member of Parliament
He was appointed 2nd Governor of Mauritius from 12 June 1823 to 17 June 1828. He left in 1828 to take up the post of Governor of the Cape Colony which position he filled until 1833. Cole was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath on 2 January 1815.
Cole was married on 15 June 1815 to Frances Harris (d. 1 November 1847), daughter of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury, for whom Malmesbury, Western Cape is named, and Harriet Mary, his wife. Frances Cole played a prominent part in social philanthropy in the Cape and worked towards having Coloured children taught useful trades. Colesberg, a town in the Cape, is named after him, as is Sir Lowry's Pass near Cape Town. They had seven children:
- Arthur Lowry Cole, Col. 17th Regiment, C.B., Knight of the Medjidie (b. 24 August 1817 – d. 30 March 1885)
- William Willoughby Cole, Capt. 27th Regiment (b. 17 November 1819 – d. 4 April 1863)
- James Henry Cole (b. 15 December 1821)
- Florence Mary Georgiana Cole (b. 4 June 1816)
- Louisa Catherine Cole (b. 16 August 1818 – d. 14 October 1878, aged 60)
- Frances Maria Frederica Cole (b. 9 April 1824)
- Henrietta Anne Paulina Cole (b. 6 October 1826)
His sisters were:
- Sarah Cole (d. 14 March 1833), married (1790) Owen Wynne
- Elizabeth Anne Cole (d. 1807), married (1788) Colonel Richard Magenis (d. 6 March 1831)
- Florence Cole (d. 1 March 1862), married (1797) Blayney Townley Balfour of Townley Hall, Drogheda, Co. Louth (d. 22 December 1856)
- Henrietta Frances Cole (22 June 1784–2 July 1848), married (20 July 1805) Thomas Philip Robinson, 2nd Earl de Grey (8 December 1781–14 November 1859)
He lived at Highfield House, Heckfield in Hampshire, adjacent to the Stratfield Saye estate of his friend the Duke of Wellington.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1329. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- "Lowry Cole". Queen's Royal Surreys. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- Cole, John William (1856). "Memoirs of British Generals distinguished during the Peninsular War". London, R. Bentley.
- "Fort Hill Park and Cole's Monument". Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- Burke, Burnard, ed. (1880). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Volume 42, Part 1. London. p. 456.
- Cole, James Edwin (1877). The Genealogy of the Family of Cole: of the County of Devon, and of Those of Its Branches Which Settled in Suffolk, Hampshire, Surrey, Lincolnshire, and Ireland. London.
- Stephens, Henry Morse (1887). Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Stephens, H. M.; Benyon, John (reviewer) (January 2008). "Cole, Sir (Galbraith) Lowry (1772–1842)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5848. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)