Galbraith Lowry Cole

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Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole by William Dyce.jpg
Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole 1834 by William Dyce
Born1 May 1772
Died4 October 1842 (aged 70)
Highfield Park, Hampshire, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1787–1833
Unit27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
Commands held4th Division
Northern District
Battles/warsPeninsular War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath
Other workGovernor of Mauritius 1823–1828
Governor of the Cape Colony 1828–1833

Hon. Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole, GCB (1 May 1772 – 4 October 1842) was an Anglo-Irish British Army general and politician.

Early life[edit]

Cole was the second son of an Irish peer, William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen (1 March 1736–22 May 1803), and Anne Lowry-Corry (d. September 1802), the daughter of Galbraith Lowry-Corry of Tyrone, and the sister of Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore.[1]

Army service[edit]

Cole was commissioned a cornet in 1787,[2] and served in the West Indies, Ireland, and Egypt. He served as brigadier general in Sicily and commanded the 1st Brigade at the Battle of Maida on 4 July 1806. In 1808 he was promoted to major-general, to lieutenant-general in 1813 and full general in 1830.[2]

He was colonel of the 27th Foot, commanded the 4th Division in the Peninsular War under Wellington, and was wounded at the Battle of Albuera in which he played a decisive part. He was also wounded, much more seriously, at Salamanca.

For having served with distinction in the battles of Maida, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez and Toulouse, he received the Army Gold Cross with four clasps.[2] In 1815 he became General Officer Commanding Northern District.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

He was Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons for the family seat of Enniskillen from 1797 to 1800, and represented Fermanagh in the British House of Commons in 1803.

He was appointed 2nd Governor of Mauritius from 12 June 1823 to 17 June 1828. He left in 1828 to take up the post of Governor of the Cape Colony which position he filled until 1833. Cole was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath on 2 January 1815.[2]

He is commemorated in Enniskillen by a statue surmounting a 30-metre (98 ft) column in Fort Hill Park, carried out by the Irish sculptor, Terence Farrell.[4]


Cole was married on 15 June 1815 to Frances Harris (d. 1 November 1847), daughter of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury, for whom Malmesbury, Western Cape is named, and Harriet Mary, his wife. Frances Cole played a prominent part in social philanthropy in the Cape and worked towards having Coloured children taught useful trades. Colesberg, a town in the Cape, is named after him, as is Sir Lowry's Pass near Cape Town. They had seven children:[5][6]

  • Arthur Lowry Cole, Col. 17th Regiment, C.B., Knight of the Medjidie (b. 24 August 1817 – d. 30 March 1885)
  • William Willoughby Cole, Capt. 27th Regiment (b. 17 November 1819 – d. 4 April 1863)
  • James Henry Cole (b. 15 December 1821)
  • Florence Mary Georgiana Cole (b. 4 June 1816)
  • Louisa Catherine Cole (b. 16 August 1818 – d. 14 October 1878, aged 60)
  • Frances Maria Frederica Cole (b. 9 April 1824)
  • Henrietta Anne Paulina Cole (b. 6 October 1826)

His elder brother John Willoughby Cole (23 March 1768–31 March 1840) married Charlotte Paget (d. 26 January 1817), the daughter of Henry Bayly Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge.

His sisters were:[1]

He lived at Highfield House, Heckfield in Hampshire, adjacent to the Stratfield Saye estate of his friend the Duke of Wellington.


  1. ^ a b Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1329. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ a b c d "Lowry Cole". Queen's Royal Surreys. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  3. ^ Cole, John William (1856). "Memoirs of British Generals distinguished during the Peninsular War". London, R. Bentley.
  4. ^ "Fort Hill Park and Cole's Monument". Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  5. ^ Burke, Burnard, ed. (1880). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Volume 42, Part 1. London. p. 456.
  6. ^ Cole, James Edwin (1877). The Genealogy of the Family of Cole: of the County of Devon, and of Those of Its Branches Which Settled in Suffolk, Hampshire, Surrey, Lincolnshire, and Ireland. London.


External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Richard Magenis
Member of Parliament for Enniskillen
With: Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Succeeded by
Arthur Cole-Hamilton
Henry Osborne
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Cole
Mervyn Archdall
Member of Parliament for Fermanagh
With: Mervyn Archdall
Succeeded by
Mervyn Archdall
Viscount Corry
Military offices
Preceded by
William Wynyard
GOC Northern District
Succeeded by
Sir John Byng
Preceded by
Sir John Floyd, Bt
Governor of Gravesend and Tilbury
Office abolished
Preceded by
Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar
Governor of Mauritius
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Colville
Preceded by
Richard Bourke, acting
Governor of the Cape Colony
Succeeded by
Benjamin d'Urban
Preceded by
Sir Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings
Colonel of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir John Maclean
Preceded by
John Howard, 15th Earl of Suffolk
Colonel of the 70th (Glasgow Lowland) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Forbes Champagné