Lowry Park Zoo

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Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Lowry Park Zoo Sign in Tampa.jpg
Location Tampa, Florida, United States
Coordinates 28°00′48″N 82°28′11″W / 28.0133°N 82.4697°W / 28.0133; -82.4697Coordinates: 28°00′48″N 82°28′11″W / 28.0133°N 82.4697°W / 28.0133; -82.4697
Land area 63 acres (25 ha)
No. of animals 1,300+ [1]
Memberships AZA[2]
Website http://www.lowryparkzoo.org

Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo is a 63-acre (25 ha) nonprofit zoo located in Tampa, Florida. In 2009, Lowry Park Zoo was voted the #1 Family Friendly Zoo in the US by Parents Magazine,[3] and is recognized by the State of Florida as the center for Florida wildlife conservation and biodiversity (HB 457).

The zoo is operated by the Lowry Park Zoological Society, an independent 501(c)(3) charitable organization. The zoo also exists as a center for conservation of endangered wildlife both locally and around the globe.

Tampa’s Lowry Park Zoo is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) as well as a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA), Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), the Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums (FAZA) and the Florida Attractions Association (FAA).

History[edit]

Tampa's first zoo was a small collection of exotic animals in Plant Park on the grounds of the University of Tampa across the Hillsborough River from downtown.

During the middle 1950s, Mayor Nick Nuccio led the push to move the zoo to a more spacious location. Land further up the river near the neighborhood of Seminole Heights was chosen. The combination zoo and park was christened Lowry Park after General Sumter Loper Lowry, a local resident celebrated for civic contributions and his service in several wars, but vilified by some for his controversial political views.[4]

The old rainbow bridge to Fairyland, Lowry Park Zoo, c. 1980

Lowry Park Zoo opened in 1957. The zoo shared the park with Fairyland, where concrete statues depicting fairy tales and nursery rhymes were along a winding maze of paths beneath the limbs of sprawling oak trees. This whimsical area was accessible via a large rainbow bridge.[5]

As the wildlife collection grew, other attractions and rides were also added. By the early 1980s, the zoo featured a small roller coaster, a skyride, and a kid-sized train, among other kiddie rides. However, the zoo facilities were in need of repair and renovation, with the animals cramped concrete quarters so poor that the Humane Society called it “one of the worst zoos in America”.[6]

After several years of fundraising and with the help and support of mayor Bob Martinez and the city of Tampa, the original Lowry Park Zoo closed on September 7, 1987 for a $20 million reconstruction in which nearly all traces of the original zoo (including Fairyland) were removed and replaced with more modern facilities. The first phase of the revamped zoo opened in March 1988. Several additions and expansions since then have brought the zoo to its current configuration.[7][8]

Exhibits[edit]

Asian Gardens[edit]

One of the zoos oldest sections, the Asian Domain, was renovated and renamed the Asian Gardens in 2007. Exhibits there include Indian rhinoceros, Malayan tigers, babirusa, Komodo dragon, clouded leopards, sloth bears, and an Indonesian-themed aviary. The pagoda-like design is subtle but noticeable, giving an authentic Asian feel.

The area also has a Sulawesi aviary, which includes bleeding-heart doves, mandarin ducks, giant Asian pond turtles and Reeve's muntjac deer.

Florida Wildlife Center[edit]

The Florida Wildlife Center is an American-based exhibit that stretches across nearly a half-mile, accessible through Asian Gardens. The exhibit includes many North American species and a few Central American species, including striped skunks, Orinoco crocodiles, North American black bears, a small pack of red wolves, West Indian manatees, and alligator snapping turtles.

It also includes a manatee education show, an aquatic center with sharks, eels, seahorses, and a wide collection of snakes, including eastern diamondback rattlesnakes, copperheads, and eastern coral snakes. A Discovery Center highlights the amphibian residents of the zoo, showcasing various species of frogs, toads and other creatures.

Primate World[edit]

The primate section of the zoo is possibly the best designed portion of the zoo[citation needed], with every exhibit seemingly being connected by a running system of rocky waterfalls and waterways that stretch across the entire section. There is an array of great apes in the siamang gibbons, chimpanzees and Bornean orangutans that swing and hoot around their exhibits. There is also a wide array of other primates, including Angolan black-and-white colobus monkeys, golden lion tamarins, ring-tailed lemurs and mandrills.

Wallaroo Station[edit]

The Wallaroo Station Children's Zoo re-opened on February 27, 2015 after its first renovation since opening in 2002. It is home to an array of Australian-native species including koalas, yellow-footed rock wallabies, Australian singing dogs and emus, along with a varying collection of cockatoo parrots, and flying fox bats.

This section of the zoo is home to an interactive bat habitat, a "Flying Bananas" ride, a budgie encounter and a family rollercoaster. It also has splash play area for younger kids titled "The Billabong".

Safari Africa[edit]

The latest addition to Lowry, providing a completely authentic African experience.[dubious ] Shaded by acacia trees, the area is home to a safari tram ride that provides an in-depth look behind the scenes of the zoo. Martial eagles and Patas monkeys are visible only by this ride. This exhibit is home to many landmark African species, including meerkats, duikers, Reticulated giraffes, zebras, African elephants, East African crowned cranes, African penguins and southern white rhinoceroses.

The Ituri Forest, a later addition to the Safari Africa section, brought in the concept of a washed-out African river bank. The area includes a wide array of species, including greater flamingos, pygmy hippopotamuses, saddle-billed storks and shoebill storks.

In mid-to late 2014, the warthog exhibit was closed down and renovated to house Aldabra tortoises and juvenile Galapagos giant tortoises, who were previously behind-the-scenes exclusive animals.

Main Aviary[edit]

The main free-flight aviary, accessible nearly at the entrance, is almost hidden in overgrown brush and plants, giving the feel of a wild experience.[citation needed] Inside, the whole area is covered head-to-toe in free-flight birds and waterfowl, including great hornbills, red-legged seriemas, toco toucans, scarlet ibises, white-faced whistling ducks, guineafowl, Raggiana Birds-of-paradise and an array of ducks and tanagers.[citation needed] Every so often, if you hang around, you can observe two-toed sloths lazily hanging in the trees.[citation needed]

Spirits of the Sky Raptor Show[edit]

This show, held twice a day at the Zooventures Theater, is a fun[citation needed] and interactive[citation needed] experience that provides kids and adults alike with fun facts of birds of prey and what we can do to protect them. Some of the exhibited species include the Eurasian eagle-owl, the bald eagle and the Andean condor.

Conservation[edit]

The zoo has 95 Species Survival Plan projects, which includes threatened and endangered species and species of special concern. These include chimpanzees, Bornean orangutans, mandrills, siamangs, black-and-white colobus monkeys, golden lion tamarins, Indian rhinoceroses, clouded leopards, sloth bears, babirusa, red wolves, African elephants, Bali mynah, Victoria crowned pigeon, great Indian hornbills, palm cockatoo, and Komodo dragon programs.

The zoo hosts a hospital for Florida manatees in which injured animals are rehabilitated with the intent of returning them to the wild. It is the only non-profit hospital in the world specifically dedicated to critical care for injured, sick and orphaned wild manatees. The zoo works in partnership with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to rescue, rehabilitate and release Florida’s endangered manatees. In 2012, Tampa’s Lowry Park Zoo was honored with a “Significant Achievement in North American Conservation Award” for its work with manatees, presented by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA).

Rides[edit]

Starting with the Australia addition, Lowry Park Zoo has added several children's rides, including a merry go round, "Flying Bananas",a kiddie train and a mini roller coaster called the Tasmanian Tiger Family Coaster.

Gator Falls, which opened in June 2008, is a log flume ride. It is the largest and most expensive ride in the zoo to date, costing US$1.5 million to build. The ride features a single 30-foot (9.1 m) drop, and the track carries riders over the park's Philippine crocodile exhibit.

Animal Inventory[edit]

Many animals' names and genders have been revealed in newspaper articles, international and North American regional studbooks, and by Lowry Park Zoo's Twitter, Facebook, and website. Many of the animals lineage can also be tracked down using studbooks and other zoos that take credit for the animal's birth.

Pygmy hippopotamus[edit]

  • Pogo (M), Zsa Zsa (F), Zuri (F), and Zsa Zsa's calf (?)

Note: On October 11, 2014, Zuri was born to Zsa Zsa and Dagwood. This is the second child after Zola (F). Zsa Zsa gave birth again in December 2016.

Indian rhinoceros[edit]

  • Jamie (F), Jiyu (M), and Juanpur (a.k.a. Johnny) (M)

Note: Johnny switched places with a male named Arjun on May 11, 2014. Jiyu was born in 2013 to Jamie and Arjun. This is their third child, they previously had Jahi and Jaya (Clara).

Malayan tigers[edit]

  • Bzui (F), Mata (M), and Berisi (F)

Note: On September 11, 2016, Bzui gave birth to a female cub who has been named Berisi.

African elephants[edit]

  • Ellie (F), Matjeka (F), Mavi (F), Mbali (F), Mpumi (F), and Sdudla (M)

Note: Mpumi was born to Mbali and Sdudla in late 2012. In July 2013, Matjeka and Sdudla had a calf named Mavi. Ellie previously had a calf named Tamani via artificial insemination. According to a collection plan from 2013, the zoo plans on artificially inseminating Ellie a second time. Matjeka and Mbali are now being grouped with Sdudla at the zoo for breeding purposes according to educators. Due to social standings, Ellie cannot be placed with Sdudla for natural breeding. Ellie is the "official" matriarch of the herd since she had Tamani but since she no longer has a calf with her, Matjeka has taken over that role.

Key deer[edit]

  • Bunsen (M), Little Pine (F), Sugarloaf (F), and Summer Lynn (F)

Notes: Little Pine and Sugar were brought to the zoo since they both need constant care. Little Pine is missing her left eye and Sugar frequently needs her front hooves filed down.

Florida panther[edit]

  • Calusa (Lucy) (F) and Micanopy (M)

Notes: Lucy was found orphaned in the Everglades as a cub. Micanopy found a home at the zoo in early 2017 after exhibiting domestic behavior and deemed a threat to the community.

Southern white rhinoceros[edit]

  • Ahadi (F), Alake (F), Fujo (F), Kidogo (F), Kipenzi (F), and Ongava (M)

Note: Ahadi was born to Alake and Ongava on May 21, 2015. In 2013, Kidogo gave birth to a calf named Khari (M). She previously gave birth to Kito and Kande. Kidogo gave birth in September 2016 to her fourth calf, Kipenzi.

Chimpanzees[edit]

  • Abby (F), Jamie (F), Nick (M), and Twiggy (F)

Note: Keeva was born at Baltimore Zoo, but when her mother Carole rejected her, Abby became her surrogate mother. Abby has been a surrogate mother three times before adopting Keeva. Bahati was moved to Kansas Zoo sometime in February 2017. On 6/22/2017, Bahati died in a freak accident at the Kansas Zoo.

On about 9/27/17, Keeva was tragically killed when workers at the zoo placed her in an overnight space with 2 adult chimpanzees as opposed to housing her safely with her adoptive mother. It was later confirmed that the two animals were Twiggy and Nick.

Siamangs[edit]

  • Malu (F) and Sensei (M)

Note: Malu was born Haddie and deceased male Cyrus at the zoo.

Giraffes[edit]

  • Bingwa (M), Jyoti (M), Randle (M), and Sekani (M)

Note: Bingwa is a Reticulated giraffe, Randle is a Rothschild's giraffe, and Sekani and Jyoti are Masai giraffes

Okapis[edit]

  • Bakari (M), Betty (F), and Zack (M)

Note: Bahati was born to Betty and Zack on January 6, 2013. Betty gave birth to a calf named Bakari on September 23, 2015. In late 2015, Bahati was sent to the Bronx Zoo.

Koalas[edit]

  • Ceduna (F) and Heathcliff (M)

Bornean orangutans[edit]

  • DeeDee (F), Goyang (M), Hadiah (F), Josie (F), RanDee (F), Gojo (M), and Topi (F).

Note: RanDee was born to DeeDee and deceased male Rango in 2012. Rango also fathered Hadiah in 2008, her mother is Josie. Josie is the mother of Gojo and Hadiah is the mother of Topi and both baby orangutans were sired by Goyang.

Komodo dragons[edit]

  • Aanjay (F) and Titus (M)

Babirusas[edit]

  • Meru (M), Myrtle (F), and Toomey (M)

Note: Meru was born to Myrtle and Toomey in 2015. Mentari was born to Myrtle and Toomey on June 2, 2016. Mentari is no longer mentioned on the zoo's website and is presumed dead.

Clouded leopards[edit]

  • Malee (F), Yim (M), Aiya (F), and Shigu (F)

Note: Mowgli was born to Malee and Yim in March 2015, and the zoo claims he has become a "superstar" since his birth. He was sent to an unknown zoo when he turned six months old. As for his little sisters born on February 29, 2016, Aiya and Shigu, they currently reside at Lowry as part of the Outreach Program to help educate the public.

American black bears[edit]

  • Blossom (F), Newberry (F), and Sam (M)

Note: Blossom and Newberry were found orphaned in Florida as cubs. To give them a second chance at life, they were transferred to Lowry Park. The two girls were finally introduced to their long term resident, Sam, starting in 2014. Blossom is believed to be slightly older than Newberry.

Sri Lankan sloth bears[edit]

  • Annie (F) and Ken (M)

Note: Another male lives at Lowry Park Zoo, however his name is not public.

Malayan tapirs[edit]

  • Albert (M), Tembikai (M), Tengahari (F), and Ubi (F)

Note: Tembikai was born to Ubi and Albert on January 30, 2015. On September 10, 2016, Ubi gave birth to her third calf, Tengahari.

African penguins[edit]

  • Abe (M), Amber (F), Aurora (F), Loki (M), Pepper (F), Rocky (M), Thalia (F), Thumbelina (F), Tinkerbell (F), Topanga (F), and Violet (M)

Note: Amber's chick hatched to Amber and Violet, Thalia and Topanga hatched to Thumbelina and Flannigain, and Aurora hatched to Amber and Violet. Amber's chick is no longer mentioned on Lowry Park Zoo's website, and is presumed dead. Recently, Florida Aquarium announced that 8-year-old Rocky met Thumbelina at Lowry Park Zoo to become a pair, it is presumed that Flanigain has died.

Red wolves[edit]

  • Atlas (M) and Maggie (F)

Grevy's zebras[edit]

  • Dekimbe (M), Penzima (F), and Pixie (F)

Note: Penzima was born to Pixie and deceased male Marty in 2010, while a deceased female named Zippo gave birth to Zareb. Both females had two more foals with Marty in 2012, but Pixie's foal died and Zippo's was named Zuri, who also soon died. Marty and Zippo died in 2012, causing Zareb to move out and Penzima to stay. In 2014, a male arrived from Tennessee named Asante, his whereabouts are currently unknown, though he is no longer at the zoo. In 2015, Penzima gave birth to Penda, sired by Dekimbe. The three currently live together in the zoo's Safari Africa area along with their crash of Southern White Rhinos.

Hartmann's mountain zebras[edit]

  • Rex (M), Roxy (F), Ruuxa (F), and Reko (M)

Note: Roxy gave birth to the first Hartmann's mountain zebra foal at the zoo, Ruuxa, in 2015. Ruuxa was sired by Rex. Ruuxa has had several leg correction surgeries since birth. In mid-2017, Roxy gave birth again to a male calf named Reko, again sired by Rex.

Controversies[edit]

Tiger escape[edit]

In 2006, one of the zoo's two Sumatran tigers, a 14-year-old female named Enshala, slipped through an unlocked gate and into an area undergoing renovation. The zoo director, Lex Salisbury, defended his decision to shoot and kill the animal after attempts to tranquilize the tiger failed and the animal lurched towards the animal doctor that had shot the tranquilizer dart.[9][10]

Later in 2006, a group known as "Tampa's Zoo Advocates" formed. The organization seeks to improve the living conditions of the animals as well as working conditions of the employees of Lowry Park Zoo.

Salisbury scandal[edit]

In April 2008, 15 patas monkeys escaped from Safari Wild, a for-profit animal attraction under development east of Tampa in rural Polk County.[11] This brought media attention to the venture, which is owned and operated by long-time Lowry Park Zoo director Lex Salisbury.[12]

Subsequent investigations revealed many questionable transactions between Safari Wild and Lowry Park Zoo, including the transfer of over 200 zoo animals to Safari Wild, zoo funds being used to build structures on Safari Wild property, and payments from the zoo to "board" animals at Safari Wild.[13][14] The city of Tampa, which provides a portion of the zoo's annual budget, demanded an audit detailing the relationship between Lowry Park, Salisbury, and his outside business ventures.[13]

The audit was released in December 2008 and disclosed many questionable dealing between the zoo and Safari Wild. It also uncovered violations of zoo policies by Salisbury, including increasing his own bonus payments, charging the zoo for personal travel, and using zoo employees for his personal work. Auditors estimated that Salisbury owed the zoo more than $200,000 and suggested a criminal investigation.[15][16][17] On December 19, 2008, Salisbury, under pressure from the zoo's board of directors and the city of Tampa, resigned from his position at the zoo.[16]

As a result of possible violations of animal transfer rules and species survival plans, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums suspended the membership of Lowry Park Zoo and of Larry Killmar, the zoo's Director of Collections who had authorized many of Salisbury's questionable animal transfers.[18] Under Killmar, the zoo reorganized its internal policies over several months, and on March 27, 2009, the AZA reinstated the membership of both Lowry Park Zoo and its director of collections.[19]

The saga came to a close in August 2009 when Salisbury and the Lowry Park Zoo board agreed to a settlement in which Salisbury paid $2,200 and agreed to return all the structures, fencing, and equipment that the zoo had built at Safari Wild but did not admit to any wrongdoing.[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.lowryparkzoo.org/animals_and_habitat_areas.php
  2. ^ "Currently Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Maureen, By. "The 10 Best Zoos for Kids: 1. Lowry Park Zoo, Tampa, FL". Parents.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  4. ^ HP-Time.com Monday, Apr. 02, 1956 (1956-04-02). "The Land of Boycott - TIME". Time.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  5. ^ "Nick Chillura Nuccio – 47th and 49th Mayor of Tampa". Tampagov.net. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  6. ^ Tampa zoo tops for kids
  7. ^ "Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo - Zoo History". Lowryparkzoo.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  8. ^ French, Thomas (2010). Zoo Story: Life in the Garden of Captives. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 1-4013-2346-4. 
  9. ^ "Hillsborough: Loose tiger killed at zoo". Sptimes.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  10. ^ "Tampabay: As tiger leapt, zoo director had no doubt". Sptimes.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  11. ^ Escape from Monkey Island sptimes.com
  12. ^ "Monkeys that started zoo saga recaptured - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  13. ^ a b "Lowry Park chief steps down temporarily - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  14. ^ "Records show 200 animal transactions involving Lowry Park, president - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  15. ^ "Tampa mayor recommends Lowry Park Zoo director be fired, investigated - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  16. ^ a b "Lowry Park's longtime chief forced to resign - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  17. ^ "Lowry Park Zoo president soon to be investigated by the city of Tampa | 10connects.com | Tampa, St. Petersburg, Clearwater". Tampabays10.com. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  18. ^ "Salisbury resigns from Zoological Association of America - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  19. ^ "Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo earns back its accreditation - St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  20. ^ Salisbury settles with Lowry Park Zoo - St. Petersburg Times Archived April 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Tampabay.com. Retrieved 2010-07-06

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