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Loxodes rostrum from page 267 of "American journal of physiology" (1898).jpg
Illustration of Loxodes rostrum
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): SAR
(unranked): Alveolata
Phylum: Ciliophora
Subphylum: Postciliodesmatophora
Class: Karyorelictea
Order: Loxodida
Family: Loxodidae
Genus: Loxodes
Ehrenberg, 1830

Several, including:[1]

Loxodes is a genus of karyorelict ciliates, belonging to family Loxodidae.[1] Whereas Loxodes is a limnic taxon, Remanella – the other loxodid genus – is marine.[2]

The term Loxodes derives from the ancient greek λοξός (loksós), meaning "oblique, tilted".[3][4]


Loxodes, and the other ciliate Paramecium, use gravity as a stimulus in their environment for spatial orientation (gravitaxis or geotaxis) and for controlling the velocity of their swim.[5]


  1. ^ a b "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Loxodes Ehrenberg, 1830". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  2. ^ Fenchel, Tom; Finlay, Bland J. (1986-02-01). "The Structure and Function of Müller Vesicles in Loxodid Ciliates". The Journal of Protozoology. 33 (1): 69–76. ISSN 1550-7408. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.1986.tb05560.x. 
  3. ^ Bailly, Anatole (1981-01-01). Abrégé du dictionnaire grec français. Paris: Hachette. ISBN 2010035283. OCLC 461974285. 
  4. ^ Bailly, Anatole. "Greek-french dictionary online". www.tabularium.be. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  5. ^ Hemmersbach, Ruth; Voormanns, Regine; Briegleb, Wolfgang; Rieder, Norbert; Häder, Donat-P. (1996-06-27). "Influence of accelerations on the spatial orientation of Loxodes and Paramecium". Journal of Biotechnology. Biology Under Microgravity Conditions in Spacelab IML-2. 47 (2–3): 271–278. doi:10.1016/0168-1656(96)01337-5. 

External links[edit]

  • Data related to Loxodes at Wikispecies