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|Type||Armoured personnel carrier|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|In service||1939 -1960s|
British & Commonwealth.
|Wars||Second World War|
|Manufacturer||Vivian Loyd & Co, and others (see text)|
|Variants||Mark 1, Mark 2|
|Weight||4.50 t (4.43 long tons)|
|Length||13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)|
|Width||6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)|
|Height||4 ft 8 in (1.42 m)|
|Armour||up to 7 mm where fitted|
|Engine||Ford V8 Side-valve petrol
85 bhp (63 kW)
|Payload capacity||7-8 passengers or similar load|
|Transmission||Ford 4 forward, 1 reverse gearbox|
|Suspension||Horstmann twin wheel bogies|
|Ground clearance||8 inches|
|Fuel capacity||22 gallons|
|140 miles (220 km) on roads|
|Speed||30 mph (48 km/h) maximum on road|
|braked - two drums per track|
The Loyd Carrier was one of a number of small tracked vehicles used by the British and Commonwealth forces in the Second World War to transport equipment and men about the battlefield. Alongside the Bren, Scout and Machine Gun Carriers, they also moved infantry support weapons.
Design and development
The Loyd Carrier was built upon the mechanicals (engine, gearbox and transmission) of a 15 cwt 4x2 Fordson 7V truck with mild steel bodywork to which armour plate (referred to as 'BP Plate' in Loyd manuals) was bolted (to the front and upper sides) depending on application. The engine was at the rear of the Carrier with the radiator behind rather than in front. The transmission then took the drive forward to the axle at the very front where it drove the tracks. Both the front drive sprockets and idlers (which were also sprocketed) at the rear of the tracks were fitted with brakes, actuated by a pair of levers by the driver. To turn the vehicle to the left, the brakes were applied on that side and the Carrier would slew round the stopped track.
The upper hull covered the front and sides but was open to the rear and above; as the Carrier was not expected to function as a fighting vehicle, this was not an issue. To protect the occupants from the weather, a canvas tilt could be put up; this was standard fitment from the factory. 
As part of the rapid development program, the Loyd used parts from other vehicles: From the Universal Carrier, the track, drive sprockets, and Horstmann suspension units; from the Fordson 7V, the chassis, engine, gearbox, torque tube and front axle. The brake drums and back plates were designed specifically for the Loyd.
The Army tested the Loyd Carrier in 1939 and placed an initial order for 200 as the Carrier, Tracked, Personnel Carrying i.e. a personnel carrier. Initial deliveries were from Vivian Loyd's own company, but production moved to the larger firms, including the Ford Motor Company and Wolseley Motors (13,000 between them) and Dennis Brothers Ltd, Aveling & Barford and Sentinel Waggon Works. Total production of the Loyd Carrier was approximately 26,000.
Second World War
Early in the war, the TT along with the TPC variants were part of the standard equipment of Royal Engineer Chemical Warfare Companies. Most of the Chemical Warfare Companies were disbanded or repurposed in 1943 in order to free up their 4.2 inch mortars for desperately needed conventional use by infantry divisions in-theatre; the mortars and supporting equipment were attached to each division's machine-gun battalion in company strength.
By far the most notable use of the Loyd was in the TT (Tracked Towing) configuration, where it pulled the 6 pounder anti-tank gun from the Normandy landings of 1944 through to the end of the war. There are many wartime photographs of Loyds in action in Normandy, and a number were photographed destroyed in the well-known battle of Villers-Bocage in 1944.
Both Belgium and the Netherlands bought Loyd TTs from the British Army; they were still in Belgian Army ownership up to at least 1963 as engine rebuild plates have been seen with this date in original Belgian vehicles.
A Belgian variant was the CATI 90 (Canon antitank d'infanterie automoteur 90mm), a self-propelled gun in use from 1954 to 1962. The vehicle served in infantry units with a paired ammunition carrier.
Some vehicles were sold on into private ownership for farming use (a 1941 No1Mk1 TPC with a ploughing conversion still exists in Nottinghamshire, UK) and a number were placed as targets on Belgian ranges.
Loyd carriers were available in three "numbers", which were available in two "marks"; all manufactured during wartime, and varied in the type/sourcing of the flathead Ford V8 they were powered with:
- No. 1 - British Ford V8 engine (21 stud) and gearbox
- No. 2 - US Ford V8 engine (24 stud) and gearbox
- No. 3 - Ford Canada V8 engine (24 stud) and gearbox
The two marks were:
There were not many differences between variants, mainly seating and armour plate location:
- Tracked Personnel Carrier (TPC)
- Equipped with a front bench seat and seating for troops on the track guards. Frontal and full side armour fitted.
- Tracked Towing (TT)
- Equipped with four single seats and ammunition stowage on the track guards. Used for towing the 4.2 inch mortar and hauling the QF 2 pounder and QF 6 pounder anti-tank guns and carrying its crew. Frontal and front quarter armour fitted. The main variant by number manufactured.
- Tracked Mortar Carrier (TMC)
- Mounted a Ordnance ML 3 inch mortar that could be fired from the vehicle or dismounted for ground use. Mortar could be dismantled and stowed away when not in use.
- Tracked Cable Layer Mechanical (TCLM)
- A vehicle for Royal Corps of Signals work. No armour fitted.
- Tracked Starting and Charging (TS&C)
- Equipped with a front bench seat, 30 volt and 12 volt DC generators driven from the gearbox layshaft and battery sets to support armoured regiment tanks. No armour fitted.
- WWII Vehicles
- WWII Equipment
- Chamberlain, Peter; Crow, Duncan. No. 14 Carriers. AFV Profile. Profile Publishing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loyd Carrier.|