Loyn Bridge

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Not to be confused with the former Old Loyne Bridge in Lancaster.
Loyn Bridge
Loyn Bridge in winter - geograph.org.uk - 1663214.jpg
Coordinates 54°07′18″N 2°38′30″W / 54.12175°N 2.64157°W / 54.12175; -2.64157Coordinates: 54°07′18″N 2°38′30″W / 54.12175°N 2.64157°W / 54.12175; -2.64157
Carries Minor road
Crosses River Lune
Locale Gressingham and Hornby-with-Farleton, Lancashire, England
Other name(s) Loyne Bridge
Characteristics
Material Sandstone
No. of spans 3
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official name Loyne Bridge
Designated 4 October 1967
Reference no. 1071682
Official name Loyn Bridge
Reference no. 1003129
Loyn Bridge is located in the City of Lancaster district
Loyn Bridge
Loyn Bridge
Location in the City of Lancaster district

Loyn Bridge (or Loyne Bridge) crosses the River Lune, carrying a minor road between the villages of Hornby and Gressingham in Lancashire, England. The present bridge replaces an older bridge, which is thought to have been constructed with timber decking between stone piers.[1] There is evidence that the river was forded here before a bridge was built.[2] The date of the building of the present bridge is unknown; it is considered to have been after 1591, when the previous bridge was described as being "in a dangerous condition".[1][2][3] A date of 1684 has been suggested, but petitions regarding the bridge put before the Quarter Sessions between 1650 and 1750 make no mention of a new bridge between these dates.[1] The bridge was paid for by the County of Lancashire, and later the responsibility for maintenance and repairs was transferred to the Lonsdale Hundred.[1]

The bridge is constructed in sandstone blocks, and consists of three segmental arches with triangular cutwaters containing refuges for pedestrians.[4] The arches measure 53 feet (16.2 m), 62 feet 6 inches (19.1 m) and 52 feet (15.8 m) respectively. The carriageway is 12 feet (3.7 m) wide, and the maximum width of the bridge at the points of the piers is 33 feet 6 inches (10.2 m). It is described as being "surprisingly impressive for a route that has little significance nowadays".[3] When the bridge was surveyed in 1998, it was found to be adequate to carry vehicles of 40 tonnes.[1] It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building,[4][5] and is a scheduled monument.[5][6]

Loyn Bridge was damaged during Storm Desmond on 5 December 2015.[7] Further damage due to debris caused the bridge to be closed for an extended period.[8][9] Extensive temporary protection for the bridge and bank were required, along with infill in the bridge piers.[10][11] The bridge finally reopened on 22 April 2016.[12] Even after the bridge repairs, significant damage to the hedges and fences along the road between the bridge and Gressingham is apparent.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Silcock, Norman (2001), Maritime Lancaster and the River Lune: The Loyn Bridge (CD), Lancaster: Lancaster Maritime Museum 
  2. ^ a b Scheduled Ancient Monument - Castle Stede, Lancashire County Council, retrieved 7 August 2012 
  3. ^ a b Loyn Bridge, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 7 August 2012 
  4. ^ a b Historic England, "Loyne Bridge (1071682)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 August 2012 
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Loyn Bridge (42928)". PastScape. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Historic England, "Loyn Bridge (1003129)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 August 2012 
  7. ^ Council, Lancashire County. "Update on Lancashire roads affected by flooding". Lancashire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  8. ^ "28 December – Update on Gressingham Road Closure". Hornby With Farleton. 2015-12-28. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  9. ^ "Soil and Water Blog: Farewell Loyne Bridge #StormDesmond". landwaterblog.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  10. ^ "£600k repair job begins on Loyn Bridge". www.inthebay.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  11. ^ "Gressingham Loyn Bridge – Update 14 January 2016". Hornby With Farleton. 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  12. ^ "Gressingham Loyn Bridge – Update 21 April 2016 – Bridge to Reopen 22 April 2016". Hornby With Farleton. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  13. ^ "Adrian North on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-05-06.