Luo Guanzhong

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Luo.
Luo Guanzhong
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 羅貫中
Simplified Chinese 罗贯中
Birth name
Traditional Chinese 羅本
Simplified Chinese 罗本
Also known as
Traditional Chinese 湖海散人
Simplified Chinese 湖海散人
Literal meaning Leisure Man of Lakes and Seas
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese La Quán Trung
Chữ Hán
Korean name
Hangul 나관중
Hanja 羅貫中
Japanese name
Kanji 羅貫中
Hiragana らかんちゅう

Luo Ben (c. 1330–1400,[1] or c.1280–1360[2]), better known by his courtesy name Guanzhong (Mandarin pronunciation: [lwo kwanʈʂʊŋ]), was a Chinese writer who lived during the Yuan and Ming periods. He was also known by his pseudonym Huhai Sanren (Chinese: 湖海散人; pinyin: Húhǎi Sǎnrén; literally: "Leisure Man of Lakes and Seas")[citation needed]. Luo was attributed with writing Romance of the Three Kingdoms and editing Water Margin, the first two of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature.


The place of Luo's birth and date are a controversial question. One possibility[citation needed] was that he was from Taiyuan, and lived in the late Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty by the record of his contemporary, the playwright Jia Zhongming (賈仲明), who said that he had met him in 1364[citation needed]. Another possibility was that he was born in Dongping, the province of Shangdong, in about 1280 – 1360.[2] Literary historians suggest other possibilities for his home, also including Hangzhou and Jiangnan[citation needed].

According to Meng Fanren[citation needed] (孟繁仁), Luo can be identified in the pedigree of the Luo family, and Taiyuan is most likely his hometown. But, there are not his name in this pedigree, and Some people believe that pedigree of the Luo Family can't prove that Luo is the author of Three Kingdoms.[3][4][5] Some people doubt that If Luo came from Taiyuan, why he had intimate knowledge of people life in Shangdong, and he had taken all his time and energy to write them not those people in Taiyuan, Shanxi. Some people believe that the source of Taiyuan statement, which was written by Jia Zhongming (賈仲明), is most likely wrong in handwritten copy.[6] According to the recent research, there were two Luo Guanzhong (陈辽,Chen Liao[7]), one is Drama artist who came from Taiyuan, another is author of Three Kingdoms who came from Dongping.

Recent research has suggested that his date of birth was between 1315-1318.[8] But other souces state it was nearer to 1330.[which?]


The stories forming the bulk of Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Water Margin are thought[citation needed] to have been developed by many independent storytellers. Shi Nai'an is thought[citation needed] to be the first to assemble Water Margin into a unified work, and Luo subsequently brought it to the current form of 100 chapters. Luo is usually considered[citation needed] the author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt (平妖傳) is a shenmo fantasy story attributed[citation needed] to Luo with 20 chapters, developed from the original pieces of storytelling based on a rebellion at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, and later expanded by Feng Menglong (馮夢龍)[citation needed] into 40 chapters. Can Tang Wudai Shi Yanzhuan (殘唐五代史演義傳) is a chronicle of the end of the Tang Dynasty and the following Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, a compilation of storytelling pieces based on the rebellion of Zhu Wen[citation needed].


  • Romance of the Three Kingdoms
  • Water Margin (editing)
  • The Three Sui Quash the Demons' Revolt (attributed)
  • Can Tang Wudai Shi Yanzhuan (残唐五代史演義, "The End of Tang Dynasty and the Period of the Five Dynasties")
  • Fenzhuang Lou (粉妝樓, "Cosmetical Building")
  • Sui Tang Zhizhuan (隋唐志傳)
  • Sui Tang Liangchao Zhizhuan (隋唐兩朝志傳, "The Chronicle of the Sui and Tang Dynasties)


  1. ^ Luo Guanzhong. Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ a b Chen, Liao (2007). "Two Luo Guanzhong". Jiangsu Social Sciences,N.004,P179-182. 
  3. ^ Jiao, Tai; Guo, Weizhong. "Discuss the pedigree of the Luo family". 
  4. ^ Chen, Liao (2000). "That Luo is not the author of Three Kingdoms". Forum on Chinese Culture. 
  5. ^ Du, Guichen (2002). "The case of wrong research about the author of "three kingdoms". Journal of Peking University,N.2. 
  6. ^ Du, Guichen (2002). "Luo Guanzhong who had written "Three Kingdoms" came from DongPing". Academic forum of Nandu, N.6. 
  7. ^ Chen, Liao (2007). ""Two Luo Guanzhong",". Jiangsu Social Sciences,N.004,P179-182. 
  8. ^ Ouyang Jian, referenced in Roberts 1991, pg. 938


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