Lu Jeu Sham

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Lu Jeu, Sham
Born 沈呂九
(1938-04-28) 28 April 1938 (age 79)
British Hong Kong
Nationality United States
Fields Physics
Institutions University of California, San Diego
Alma mater Imperial College London
University of Cambridge
Known for Kohn–Sham equations
Density functional theory (DFT)

Lu Jeu, Sham (Chinese: 沈呂九) (born April 28, 1938)[1] is a Chinese physicist. He is best known for his work with Walter Kohn on the Kohn–Sham equations.


Lu Jeu Sham's family was from Fuzhou, Fujian, but he was born in British Hong Kong on April 28, 1938.[1] He received his Bachelor of Science from Imperial College London in 1960[1] and his PhD in physics from the University of Cambridge in 1963.[2]

Sham was a professor in the Department of Physics at University of California, San Diego, eventually serving as department head.[1] He is now a UCSD professor emeritus.[2]

Sham was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1998.[3]

Scientific contributions[edit]

Sham is noted for his work on density functional theory (DFT) with Walter Kohn, which resulted in the Kohn–Sham equations of DFT.[4] The Kohn–Sham method is widely used in materials science.[5] Kohn received a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1998 for the Kohn–Sham equations and other work related to DFT.

Sham's other research interests include condensed matter physics and optical control of electron spins in semiconductor nanostructures for quantum information processing.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d 沈吕九_百度百科 (in Chinese). 3 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "UC San Diego - Department of Physics". Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Lu Jeu Sham". Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Lalena, John; Cleary, David (2010). Principles of Inorganic Materials Design. p. 198. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Gross, E. K. U.; Dreizler, R. M. (1993). Density Functional Theory.