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2.4.4 / March 12, 2018
|Operating system||Linux, macOS, Windows (Cygwin), Solaris, OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD|
LuaRocks is a package manager for the Lua programming language that provides a standard format for distributing Lua modules (in a self-contained format called a "rock"), a tool designed to easily manage the installation of rocks, and a server for distributing them. While not included with the Lua distribution, it has been called the "de facto package manager for community-contributed Lua modules".
The interface for LuaRocks is a command-line tool called luarocks which can install libraries and manage Lua rocks. LuaRocks optionally integrates with Lua run-time loader to help find and load installed rocks while managing version dependencies. Though it is possible to use a private LuaRocks repository, the public repository is most commonly used for rocks management. As of December 2016, there are over 1,500 rocks in the public repository.
Development on LuaRocks was started in 2006 by Hisham Muhammad and was released to the public on August 9, 2007.
In 2015, the public repository moved from a static page curated by the tool's developer to a new server written in MoonScript by Leaf Corcoran. Also, LuaRocks development was moved to GitHub in 2010.
LuaRocks is written in Lua itself, and it is cross-platform. It is available in all major Linux distributions. However, since distribution packages often lag behind the latest release installing the latest release is recommended. When installed from the upstream tarball, LuaRocks can upgrade itself on Unix systems.
For Windows, LuaRocks distributes a package file including LuaRocks, Lua 5.1 and required utilities that are missing in a typical Windows system. The Windows package supports both Microsoft Visual Studio and MinGW compiler suites. For running on Cygwin, the Unix package should be used.
Projects using LuaRocks
LuaRocks allows installing Lua modules to standard Lua paths as well as to customized locations. For this reason, it is possible to use it to install extensions to any project that uses standard Lua modules, such as the Awesome window manager. Some projects, however, adopted LuaRocks as their recommended solution for managing extensions, integrating it and in some cases, maintaining their own repository of project-specific rocks. Some projects that use LuaRocks in this fashion are:
- Torch - Torch, a framework for machine learning, uses LuaRocks for managing its modules. Torch uses its own rocks repository.
- Tarantool - the Tarantool database uses LuaRocks for managing its extensions.
- "Lua: Not Your Average Scripting Language". ActiveState Blog. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "Using LuaRocks". LuaRocks wiki. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- "LuaRocks Stats". LuaRocks.org. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- "Release history". LuaRocks wiki.
- "Rocks for Torch". Torch rocks repository. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- "Tarantool Rocks". Tarantool. Retrieved 30 December 2016.