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Hāpaialiʻi and Keʻeku Heiau (above, left) on Kahaluʻu Bay

In ancient Hawaii, a luakini temple, or luakini heiau, was a Native Hawaiian sacred place where human and animal blood sacrifices were offered.

In Hawaiian tradition, luakini heiaus were first established by Paʻao, a legendary priest credited with establishing many of the rites and symbols typical of the stratified high chieftainships of the immediate pre-European-contact period.[1] Modern archaeologists no longer believe in a historic Pa'ao, but many Native Hawaiians still believe that he was a historical figure, and often vilify him for introducing what they now see as the bloody, barbarous rites of the luakini heiau.[citation needed]

List of currently known or reputed luakini heiaus:




Big Island of Hawaiʻi:


  1. ^ a b "Pa'ao From Thrum, Emerson, and Kamakau". Hawaiian Voyaging Traditions. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  2. ^ Fournier, Rasa. "Hiking Puu O Mahuka Heiau". Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Chapter VII: Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  4. ^ Van James, Ancient Sites of Hawaiʻi, 1995, Mutual Publishing, ISBN 978-1-56647-200-5, page 143
  5. ^ "Hoʻihoʻi Kulana Wahi pana - Restoring Sacred Places" (PDF). Kamehameha Investment Corporation. 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-28.