Luanda Province

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Luanda
Map of Luanda Province 2014.png
CountryAngola
CapitalLuanda
Government
 • GovernorAna Paula Chantre Luna de Carvalho[1]
 • Vice-Governor for the Economic SectorLino Quienda Mateus Sebastião
 • Vice-Governor for Technical Services and InfrastructuresCristiano Mário Ndeitunga
 • Vice-Governor for the Political and Social SectorDionísio Manuel da Fonseca
Area
 • Total18,835 km2 (7,272 sq mi)
Population
 (2014 Census)
 • Total6,945,386
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,247,688 [2]
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeAO-LUA
HDI (2019)0.697[3]
medium · 1st
Websitewww.luanda.gov.ao

Luanda is a province of Angola. It covers an area of 18,835 km2, and had a population of 6,945,386 at the Census of 16 May 2014. The latest official estimate (for 2019) is 8,247,688.[4]

The city of Luanda is the capital of the province and Angola. It serves as the country's primary port, cultural and urban centre and occupies 44.8 square miles.[5]

History[edit]

Luanda Province before its 2011 expansion, which transferred the two southern municipalities of Bengo Province to Luanda Province

The original prewar Luanda Province grew in size during the 20th century due to the urbanization of Angola. It was divided into the provinces of Luanda and Bengo in 1980.[6][7]

The new reform of 2011 moved the municipalities Icolo e Bengo and Quiçama from Bengo to Luanda Province, so as the province has 3 neighboring ones instead of being surrounded by Bengo. The administrative reform significantly increased the land area of Luanda Province. It formerly had an area of 2,417 square kilometres (933 sq mi) and a reported population of 6,542,942 in 2014, before accounting for reorganization[2] Despite this, the city occupied 113 square kilometres (44 sq mi), or less than five percent of the total area of the former province.

Governors[edit]

Governors of the Luanda Province have included: Francisca Espírito Santo (c. 2009–2010),[8] Jose Maria dos Santos (c. 2011–2013), and Graciano Francisco Domingos (c. 2014).[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

The province has created the Instituto de Planeamento e Gestão Urbana de Luanda (IPGUL, Institute for urban planning and management of Luanda) as an independent organ for urban planning of the province.[9]

Municipalities[edit]

The province of Luanda contains seven municipalities (Portuguese: municípios):

Name Area in
km2
Population
Census
2014
Population
Estimate
2019[4]
Belas 1,046 1,071,046 1,271,854
Cacuaco 312 1,077,438 1,279,488
Cazenga 37 880,639 1,045,722
Ícolo e Bengo 3,059 110,428 131,268
Luanda 116 2,165,867 2,571,861
Quiçama 13,900 39,373 46,808
Viana 693 1,600,594 1,900,688

In 2011 Luanda Province was subdivided into seven municipalities, namely, Luanda, Belas, Cacuaco, Cazenga, Icolo e Bengo, Quiçama and Viana.[10][6] In November 2016, another two municipalities were added, Talatona and Kilamba-Kiaxi respectively, giving the province 9 municipalities, 41 urban districts, and 14 communes.[11]

Communes[edit]

The province of Luanda contains the following communes (Portuguese: comunas); sorted by their respective municipalities:

List of governors of Luanda[edit]

Name Years in office
Pedro Fortunato Luís Manuel 1976–1977
Afonso Van-Dunem Mbinda 1977–1978
Agostinho André Mendes de Carvalho 1979–1980
Francisco Romão de Oliveira e Silva 1980–1981
Evaristo Domingos Kimba 1981–1983
Mariano da Costa Garcia de Puku 1983–1986
Cristovão Francisco da Cunha 1986–1988
Luís Gonzaga Wawuty 1988–1991
Kundi Paihama 1991–1993
Rui Óscar de Carvalho 1993–1994
Justino José Fernandes 1994–1997
José Aníbal Lopes Rocha 1997–2002
Simão Mateus Paulo 2002–2004
Job Pedro Castelo Capapinha 2004–2008
Francisca do Espírito Santos 2008–2010
José Maria Ferraz dos Santos 2010–2011
Bento Joaquim Sebastião Francisco Bento 2012–2014
Graciano Francisco Domingos 2015–2016
Francisco Higino Lopes Carneiro 2016–2017
Adriano Mendes de Carvalho 2017–2019
Sérgio Luther Rescova Joaquim 2019–2020
Joana Lina Ramos Baptista Cândido 2020-2021
Ana Paula de Carvalho 2021-present

[12]

Up to 1991, the official name was Provincial Commissioner

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Governadores Provinciais". Governo de Angola. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b http://citypopulation.de/php/angola-admin.php via Instituto Nacional de Estatístiica, República de Angola (web)
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ a b Instituto Nacional de Estatístiica, República de Angola.
  5. ^ World's Capital Cities. "Capital Facts for Luanda, Angola". worldscapitalcities.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b National Assembly of Angola (27 July 2011). "Lei n.º 29/11 de 1 de Setembro - Alteração da Divisão Político-Administrativa das províncias de Luanda e Bengo" [Law to change the politico-administrative divisions of Luanda and Bengo provinces] (PDF) (in Portuguese). IPGUL 'Noticias'. Retrieved 20 March 2012. While the law had been voted on July 27, 2011, its effective date is 60 days after publication in the Official Journal, which happened on September 1, 2011.
  7. ^ Broadhead, Susan (1992). Historical dictionary of Angola. Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press. p. 119. ISBN 0585070091.
  8. ^ "Perfil do Governador". Governo Provincial de Luanda (in Portuguese). Governo da República de Angola.[dead link]
  9. ^ "Informação sobre o IPGUL" [Information about the IGPUL] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Luanda" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2013. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Luanda passa a ter nove municípios". 29 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Histórico dos Governadores" (in Portuguese). luanda.gov.ao. Retrieved 6 Mar 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°58′59″S 13°16′59″E / 8.983°S 13.283°E / -8.983; 13.283