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Municipality of Lubao
Municipal Plaza
Municipal Plaza
Official seal of Lubao
Balen Baba
Map of Pampanga with Lubao highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Lubao highlighted
Lubao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°56′N 120°36′E / 14.93°N 120.6°E / 14.93; 120.6Coordinates: 14°56′N 120°36′E / 14.93°N 120.6°E / 14.93; 120.6
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
District2nd District
FoundedMay 5, 1572
Barangays44 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorEsmeralda G. Pineda
 • Vice MayorJay B. Montemayor
 • CongressmanJuan Miguel M. Arroyo
 • Electorate83,807 voters (2019)
 • Total155.77 km2 (60.14 sq mi)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total160,838
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence8.89% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱286,329,980.26 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)45
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesKapampangan

Lubao, officially the Municipality of Lubao (Kapampangan: Balen ning Lubao; Filipino: Bayan ng Lubao), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 160,838 people. [3]

It is noted for rice, sugar cane, fish, and sampaguita.


The town's name derives from the indigenous term lubo which means low or sunken, reflective of the area's muddy and flooded characteristics. Lubao is also known by its Pampangan-language equivalent Baba.


Located in the south-western part of Pampanga, Lubao is bounded by the municipalities of Guagua on the north, Sasmuan on the east, Floridablanca on the west and Hermosa, Bataan, on the south.


Lubao is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.

Cluster 1:

  • San Isidro
  • Santiago
  • Santo Niño (Prado Saba)
  • San Roque Arbol
  • Baruya (San Rafael)
  • Lourdes (Lauc Pau)
  • Prado Siongco

Cluster 2:

  • San Jose Gumi
  • Balantacan
  • Santa Teresa 2nd
  • Bancal Sinubli
  • Bancal Pugad
  • Calangain

Cluster 3:

  • San Pedro Palcarangan
  • San Pedro Saug
  • San Pablo 1st
  • San Pablo 2nd
  • De La Paz
  • Santa Cruz

Cluster 4:

  • Remedios
  • Santa Maria
  • Del Carmen
  • San Agustin
  • Santa Rita
  • Santa Teresa 1st

Cluster 5:

Cluster 6:

  • Santo Domingo
  • San Miguel
  • Concepcion
  • San Francisco
  • San Vicente
  • San Antonio
  • San Jose Apunan

Cluster 7:


Climate data for Lubao, Pampanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 19
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
Average rainy days 3.7 4.1 6.5 11.2 21.2 24.9 27.7 26.5 25.5 21.8 12.6 5.6 191.3
Source: Meteoblue [5]


Population census of Lubao
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 19,063—    
1918 21,614+0.84%
1939 29,154+1.44%
1948 36,574+2.55%
1960 44,129+1.58%
1970 61,608+3.39%
1975 69,903+2.57%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 77,502+2.08%
1990 99,705+2.55%
1995 109,667+1.80%
2000 125,699+2.97%
2007 143,058+1.80%
2010 150,843+1.95%
2015 160,838+1.23%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Lubao, Pampanga, was 160,838 people, [3] with a density of 1,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,600 inhabitants per square mile.


Saint Augustine Church (oldest in Pampanga - 1572)

As the first Augustinian missionary center in Central and Northern Luzon, majority of the residents in Lubao are Roman Catholics.

Lubao at present has six parishes :

  • San Agustin Parish, Plaza, Lubao (oldest in Pampanga - Established 1572)
  • San Roque Dau Parish, San Roque Dau, Lubao (established Oct.1, 1990)
  • Holy Cross Parish, Santa Cruz, Lubao (established May 22, 1951)
  • San Rafael Parish, Baruya, Lubao (established August 31, 1939)
  • San Antonio de Padua Parish, San Antonio, Lubao (established November 10, 1986)
  • Conversion of St. Paul Parish, San Pablo 1st, Lubao (newly established - 2010)

There are adherents of Iglesia ni Cristo wherein a chapel in Barangay Baruya was dedicated to God on November 26, 2011, with Pastoral Visitation of the present Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo Brother Eduardo V. Manalo.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) has also significant numbers of member in the town, last August 17, 2012 they celebrated their 25th Year anniversary of the Opening of the Missionary work in the said town with Cong. Juan Miguel Macapagal Arroyo as the special guest. The chapel is located at Santa Cruz, Lubao, Pampanga with 600 Members.

The Seventh-day Adventist Church that has 1,100 members is also a remarkable distinct denomination for giving community services and free livelihood seminar to the town all the year round.


Sampaguita Festival[edit]

The Parish of Saint Augustine celebrated its 440th Founding Anniversary on May 5, 2012 with the launching of the 1st Sampaguita Festival; participated by the six parishes of Lubao. Parish of St. Augustine de Hippo bagged the Over-All Champion trophy.

2nd Sampaguita Festival was held on May 5, 2013 participated by the 10 secondary public schools of Lubao. San Vicente National High School emerged as the Over-All Champion of the festival.

The 3rd Sampaguita Festival was celebrated on May 4, 2014 and participated by the 7 clustered barangays of Lubao. Cluster 6 (Cluster Malagu - Barangay Santo Domingo, San Miguel, Concepcion, San Francisco, San Vicente,

Philippine International Balloon Festival[edit]

The 1st ever Philippine International Balloon Festival was held on April 10–13, 2014 in Barangay Prado Siongco, Lubao, Pampanga. It was organized by Pilipinas International Balloon Festival, Inc. (PIBF) in cooperation with the Arts, Culture and Tourism Office of Pampanga (ACTO) with the theme "It's More Than Just Hot Air"

Lubao International Balloon Festival[edit]

The 2nd Lubao International Balloon Festival was held on March 26 to 29, 2015 in Pradera Verde, Prado Siongco, Lubao, Pampanga. It was organized by Forthinker Inc. Philippines. It was touted as the biggest annual hot air balloon festival in Southeast Asia that featured more than forty (40) colorful hot air balloons from different countries all over the world, fourteen (14) of which are special shaped balloons like Darth Vader, Yoda, Humpty Dumpty and Frog.

The 3rd edition of Lubao International Balloon Festival was held on April 14–17, 2016 in Pradera Verde, Prado Siongco, Lubao, Pampanga.

Lubao International Balloon and Music Festival[edit]

April 6 to 9 2017 Lubao International Balloon and Music Festival. For the 4th year in a row, 35 balloons showered the skies of Lubao, Pampanga with their magnificent design and beautiful colors while wonderful music from international artists (Alex Aiono and Redfoo) and local artists (Sponge Cola, Gloc 9, Parokya ni Edgar, Moonstar88, Yeng Constantino and Bamboo) graced the event.

Local government[edit]

Lubao Pampanga Town Hall

The municipal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captains. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

Name Years in office
Esmeralda G. Pineda 2019–present
Mylyn P. Cayabyab 2010–2019
Dennis G. Pineda 2001–2010
Lilia Pineda 1992–2001
Conrado Jimenez 1986–1992
Anastacio Bernal 1980–1986
Salvador Dimson 1968–1980
Josefo Lingad 1965–1968
Anastacio Bernal 1964–1965
Emiliano Malit 1961–1963
Dominador Danan 1952–1960
Eloy Baluyut 1945–1951
Roman Kabiling 1938–1944
Angel Morales 1934–1938
Alejandro Barin 1931–1934
Angel Morales 1928–1931
Quintero Aranita 1925–1928
Angel Morales 1923–1925
Julian Vitug 1919–1923
Juan Rivera 1913–1919
Esteban Vitug 1910–1913
Quintin Romero 1907–1910
Urbano Beltran 1905–1907
Eugenio Fernandez 1901–1905
Luciano Vitug Dimatulac 1898–1900

Landmarks and notable heritage structures[edit]

Diosdado Macapagal Museum
Diosdado Macapagal Hospital

Lubao Institute[edit]

The Lubao Institute is in front of the Diosdado Macapagal Museum and Library which is at the back of his Bahay Kubo birthplace. Some meters from these 2 landmarks is the San Nicolas Lubao residence of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Lubao Institute or LI is the first and oldest private school in Lubao established in 1929.

Escolastica Romero District Hospital[edit]

The Escolastica Romero District Hospital located in San Nicolas 1st, Lubao and St. Joseph Hospital of Remedios located in Barangay Remedios, Lubao are the prime health institutions of the town.

San Agustin Church[edit]

The parish church of San Agustin (considered one of the oldest in Pampanga - 1572) celebrated its 440th Founding Anniversary last May 5, 2012 with the launching of the 1st Sampaguita Festival; participated by the six parishes of Lubao. And the reception of the relics of St. Augustine & St. Monica. The church was declared by the National Historical Commission as Important Cultural Property last August 28, 2013 (441st Founding Anniversary).

Other notable landmarks[edit]

  • Diosdado Macapagal Birthplace House / Library & Museum
  • MRF Charcoal making environment friendly
  • Lubao Bamboo Nature Park located at Santa Catalina, Lubao
  • Pradera Verde situated at Barangay Prado Siongco, Lubao (venue of the annual Lubao International Balloon and Music Festival)

Baybay Ilog[edit]

Baybay Ilog (Sagip Ilog) is a project of Department of Tourism and Congresswoman Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[9]

In the Baybay Ilog, Bye-bye Basura project,[10] officials and volunteers gathered at the Banqueruan Port in San Nicolas 1st, Lubao where the clean-up drive started. After a brief program, the whole contingent coursed the river, checked the preparation of the communities and conducted the river clean-up. The Lubao-Sasmuan River was one of the ecosystems heavily affected when Mount Pinatubo erupted 20 years ago. With this project coinciding with the anniversary of the said volcanic eruption and our country's independence day celebration, the people from Lubao and Sasmuan are looking at it as a liberation from the dreaded effects of the said natural disaster which, through tourism, will pave the way for the rise to progress of the said communities. Once again, the river is resuming its role, as a driving factor for the growth of a civilization.

The symbolic river clean-up dubbed as “Baybay-Ilog, Bye-bye Basura”, is the first step in preparing the people in 17 identified Barangays that will benefit from the Pampanga bayou river cruise project spearheaded by the local government units of Sasmuan and Lubao in cooperation with the Provincial government of Pampanga and the second district congressional office of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[11] River Clean-up held last June 12, 2011. This event mobilized more than 700 volunteers from Sasmuan and Lubao for ground and boat contingents. With the support of the Local Government Units of Sasmuan and Lubao, Community Volunteers and Social Preparation Group of Pampanga Bayou Development Project, this was really an astounding success.

700 volunteers from 13 coastal barangays boarded participating boats at the Banqueruan banca port at the town of San Nicolas, Lubao to participate in the symbolic river cleanup shortly after the sun rose on an otherwise lazy Sunday morning. Armed with cleaning tools, the residents carefully rid the river of wastes in preparation for the formal launch of the town's newest tourist attraction – the Pampanga river bayou cruise. Prior to the river cleanup, Christian Narito, project leader of the social preparation phase of the Pampanga Wetlands Development Project, said the identified 17 barangay communities located along the cruise route had earlier been educated about the benefits tourism could bring into the communities. “People within and around the area participated in determining how will they react or be affected by any major development planned within their area of residence. We helped them identify their strengths and how they could contribute to the river cruise project,” Narito said.[12]

Panorama of Baybay Ilog (a project of Dept. of Tourism and Congresswoman Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo)


Lubao Elementary School

The private and public sectors jointly provide quality education to Lubao residents.

Private Schools[edit]

  • Lubao Institute (Lubao Institute or LI is located in San Nicolas 1st, Lubao, Pampanga. Established in February 1929)
  • Holy Rosary Academy (HRA - Founded 1950 by the RVM)
  • Maccim Royal Academy (MRA - Founded 2004)
  • Santa Cruz Academy of Lubao, Inc. (SCALI- Founded by Former Mayor Dr. Conrado Paule Jimenez JR.
  • Holy Cross Institute (Former Sta. Cruz Central Institute Founded by Agustin M. Manuel+)
  • Lourdes Academy

Public Schools[edit]

  • Lubao National High School
  • Bancal Pugad Integrated School (High School Dept.)
  • Baruya High School
  • Del Carmen High School
  • Prado Siongco High School
  • Remedios High School
  • San Jose Gumi Integrated School (High School Dept.)
  • San Pablo 2nd High School
  • San Roque Arbol High School
  • San Roque Dau High School
  • San Vicente National High School
  • Santa Cruz National High School
  • Santa Tereza 2nd High School
  • Wenceslao Village High School
  • Santiago National High School (Est. June 5, 2017)

College and Technical Schools[edit]

  • Somascans Minor College Seminary, Prado Siongco
  • West Central College of Arts and Science, Santa Cruz
  • Don Honorio Ventura State University (Lubao, Branch)

Notable people[edit]

Diosdado Macapagal was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Lubao: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2012-11-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "The River Cruise to Bayanihan Spirit -- Baybay Ilog, Bye-bye Basura for the Lubao-Sasmuan River Cruise". Tatak Digitista. June 19, 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Lakbayan cheers tours in Lubao-and Pampanga". Manual To Lyf. June 18, 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  12. ^ Jenny F. Manongdo (18 June 2011). "Pampanga rising from Pinatubo ashes". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 12 December 2012.

External links[edit]