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|Autonomous community||Castile and León|
|• Mayor (Alcalde)||Felipe Lubián Lubián (PSOE)|
|• Total||94 km2 (36 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,030 m (3,380 ft)|
|• Density||3.2/km2 (8.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Website||Ayuntamiento de Lubián|
Lubián is a municipality located in the province of Zamora, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2018 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 302 inhabitants. It is one of the few bilingual municipalities in the provicne con Zamora. Its inhabitants habitually use Spanish as well as Galician.
The village is located to the northwest of the province of Zamora, next to the Galician province of Orense, bordering the region of Viana, and close to the border with Portugal, at the same height as the historic region of Trás-os-Montes. It belongs to the so-called Alta Sanabria, a sub-region of the historical and traditional region of Sanabria. The towns of Aciberos, Chanos, Las Hedradas, Hedroso, Lubián and Padornelo are located within its municipal district.
Its geographical location, adjacent to Galicia and close to Portugal, has made it one of the few bilingual municipalities in the province of Zamora, as its inhabitants regularly use Spanish and Galician.
Its town center is crossed by the old N-525 road, now called ZA-106. There is also a new bypass of the N-525 and the A-52 or Rías Bajas highway. It has a conventional railway station, the Lubián station. At present the future High Speed Railway Line between Madrid and Galicia is being built, which will pass through the municipality, although in principle the construction of any station or stop is not foreseen.
The Mozarabe-Sanabrés Way
Lubián is the last municipality of the Mozarabe-Sanabrés Way as it passes through the province of Zamora. In this town the pilgrim finds the first of more than a hundred "stones", all different, made by the sculptor Carballo from Orense and arranged along the route by the province of Orense.
In the Middle Ages, with the advance of the Reconquista, Lubián was integrated into the Kingdom of León, where it later remained, a fact which, during the Modern Age, the documentation explicitly mentions Lubián's belonging to the Adelantamiento of the Kingdom of León.
There is a theory, based on the local oral tradition, that Lubián may have belonged to the Order of the Temple during medieval times, although the lack of documents does not allow any conclusive affirmation to be made in this regard.
Already in the Contemporary Age, when the current provinces were created in 1833, Lubián was integrated into the province of Zamora, within which it is part of the Leonese Region.
- "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "INEbase / Padrón. Población por Municipios". Retrieved 2019-02-01.
- "Diputación de Zamora / La Provincia / Nuestros Ayuntamientos". www.diputaciondezamora.es. Retrieved 2019-02-11.
- Teresa., Turell Julià, María. El plurilingüismo en España. [Place of publication not identified]: Documenta Universitaria. ISBN 9788496742178. OCLC 889967246.
- 1987-, Salgado Fuentes, Carlos Javier,. La evolución de la identidad regional en los territorios del antiguo Reino de Léon (Salamanca, Zamora, León) (1a edición ed.). Salamanca (España). ISBN 9788490126028. OCLC 975830729.
- Cabanes, Francisco Xavier De (1830). Guía general de correos, postas y caminos del reino de España; con un mapa itinerario de la península (in Spanish). Madrid: Impr. de M. de Burgos.
- Herrera), Alarcón H., Rafael (Alarcón (2004). La huella de los templarios : tradiciones populares del Temple en España. Barcelona: RobinBook. ISBN 847927722X. OCLC 55595041.
- "Real Decreto de 30 de noviembre de 1833 - Wikisource". es.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
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