Dr. Lubomír Štrougal
|Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia|
28 January 1970 – 12 October 1988
|Preceded by||Oldřich Černík|
|Succeeded by||Ladislav Adamec|
|Born||19 October 1924|
Veselí nad Lužnicí, Czechoslovakia (now South Bohemia, Czech Republic)
|Political party||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
(m. 1952; div. 1992)
Lubomír Štrougal (born 19 October 1924) is a Czech former politician, who served as the prime minister of Czechoslovakia from 1970 to 1988.
Life and career
Štrougal was born in Veselí nad Lužnicí. After a compulsory service in Germany’s industry during the World War II (the total appointment order for Czech people – German: Totaleinsatz) he finished law studies at Charles University in Prague. He entered the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and since the late 1950s became a member of its Central Committee.
Between 1959 and 1961, Štrougal was agriculture minister, and then until 1965 he was interior minister.
In 1968 he became deputy prime minister to Oldřich Černík. At first he refused the 1968 Occupation of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact forces, but later became one of the prominent representatives of Gustáv Husák‘s regime. Štrougal was Czechoslovakia’s prime minister from January 28, 1970 to October 12, 1988.
Because of the conflicts with the communist party chairman Miloš Jakeš, he resigned as the prime minister. He criticized the state of the party, the executive and the society. During the 1989 Velvet Revolution Štrougal was one of the candidates for the communist party chairmanship, but later left political stage and in February 1990 he was expelled from the party.
The Office for the Documentation and the Investigation of the Crimes of Communism Police of the Czech Republic (Czech: ÚDV) accused Štrougal, that in his function in 1965, he prevented investigation of crimes conducted by the communist State Security in 1948 and 1949. However, the Prague city court discharged him in 2002 due to lack of evidence.
- Harris M. Lentz (4 February 2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-134-26490-2.
- "Věra Štrougalová: akční děvče, které skončilo v domácnosti | Lidé". Lidovky.cz. December 29, 2011.
- Media related to Lubomír Štrougal at Wikimedia Commons
- (in Czech) Štrougal’s biography on the website of the Czech Government