Luby (Cheb District)

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Luby
Town
Luby 08-06-14.JPG
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Karlovy Vary
District Cheb
Commune Cheb
Elevation 518 m (1,699 ft)
Coordinates 50°15′09″N 12°24′21″E / 50.25250°N 12.40583°E / 50.25250; 12.40583Coordinates: 50°15′09″N 12°24′21″E / 50.25250°N 12.40583°E / 50.25250; 12.40583
Area 30.71 km2 (11.86 sq mi)
Population 2,515 (2005)
Density 82/km2 (212/sq mi)
Mayor Karel Kubeš
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 351 37
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Luby
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mestoluby.cz

Luby is a Czech Republic town located in the Cheb District. Before 1946, it was known as Schönbach. It is well known for its violin-making industry, and was once dubbed the "Austrian Cremona" when Bohemia was part of Austria-Hungary.

Historic timeline[edit]

400–1500: Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Schönenbach served as the community center for the area countryside, and was referred to as Schönbacher Ländchens ("Beautiful Little Country Brook"). During the mid-13th Century in Upper Schönenbach (Horni Luby), mercury ore, particularly the vermilion variety, was mined in the area. In the 16th Century, the ore was regarded as the most important in Central Europe. In 1536, about 200 miners had produced about 13.5 tons of cinnabar from several area mines.

1618–1648: Thirty Years' War

During the Thirty Years' War, the mining came to a complete standstill. In the latter-half of the 17th Century, Schönbach flourished as a center of violin making.

1867–1918: Schönbach, Austria-Hungary

Schönbach was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The village was located within the boundaries of the Eger District created by the Austria-Hungary monarchy. In 1900, Schönbach gained access to electricity and the railroad, which allowed the city to ramp-up production of goods, including musical instruments.

1918–1938: Schönbach, Czechoslovakia

The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed in 1918, after World War I, and Schönbach became part of Czechoslovakia. In 1929, about 1,500 Schönbach craftsmen were employed making string instruments.

1938–1945: Schönbach, Germany (during the occupation)

In 1938, following the Great Depression, Germany took possession of the western region of Czechoslovakia known as the Sudetenland, and occupied it until the end of World War II.

1946–1992: Luby, Czechoslovakia

In 1946, right after World War II, Czechoslovakia restored the pre-1938 border and changed the name "Schönbach" (a German name) to "Luby" (a Czech name). Following the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état, Czechoslovakia fell under communist rule. In 1949, residents with German ethnicity were expelled from Czechoslovakia. About two-thirds of the Schönbach population were German, among which, about 1,600 were instrument makers. The instrument makers mostly settled in Bubenreuth of Erlangen, which, before then, only had about 500 residents. Bubenreuth was, at that time, in the American zone of what became West Germany.

Notable luthiers and music instrument companies[edit]

Music instrument merchants & companies[1]

Cremona (1948 to 1992), absorbed by CSHN in 1965
Czechoslovak Musical Instruments (CSHN) (1948 to 1992)

Violin makers[1]

  • Angerer, Kaspar (born 1789)
  • Angerer, Philipp (approx. 1618)
  • Bitterer, Andreas (1858–1954)
  • Bitterer, Georg (1886–1955)
  • Bitterer, Josef (1902–1970)
  • Brandner, Johann (1849–1912)
  • Brandner, Karl (1891–1965)
  • Bruckner, Ferdinand [Nandor] (1848–1912)
  • Fuchs, Wenzel (1900–1985)
  • Goth, Willi (born 1913)
  • Heinicke, Josef (1878–1966)
  • Himmer, Alban (1874–1942)
  • Himmer, Josef (1839–1898)
  • Himmer, Josef (1894–1961)
  • Himmer, Josef (1898–1969)
  • Hofner, Karl (1864–1955)
  • Klier, Franz Josef (1901–1962)
  • Kohler, Karl (born 1891)
  • Kurz, Hans (born approx. 1753)
  • Lutz, Anton (1895–1932)
  • Markert, Ignaz (1891–1974)
  • Mettal, Ignaz (1869–1941)
  • Neudorfer, Franz (1885–1955)
  • Neudorfer, Franz (1900–1948)
  • Neudorfer, Ignaz (1861–1933)
  • Neudorfer, Josef (1880–1960)
  • Neudorfer, Rudolf (born 1910)
  • Ringer, Josef (1844–1908)
  • Sandner, Andreas (1871–1946)
  • Sandner, Egid (1851–1918)
  • Schuster, Rudolf (1888–1955)
  • Sommer, Anton (born 1900)
  • Sommer, Egyd [Agidius] (1863–1913)
  • Stubiger, Adam (1859–1925)
  • Trasny, Hans (1894–1969)
  • Trasny, Josef (1825–1905)
  • Volkmann, Heinrich (1865–1936)
  • Wilfer, Anton (1866–1920)
  • Wilfer, Anton (1898–1973)
  • Winter, Anton (1888–1963)

Guitar makers[1]

  • Hanika, Helmut (born 1931)
  • Mettal, Rudolf (1896–1953)
  • Potzl, Rudolf (1874–1950)
  • Potzl, Wenzel (1869–1949)

In 1948, when the communist party took power in Czechoslovakia, the production of music instruments was nationalized and unified into a single Luby-based company called Cremona that had been in existence since 1920. All manufactures and small workshops were part of this company. In 1992, Cremona was privatized and renamed "Strunal," which since as exported under the label of Josef Jan Dvorak (for bowed instruments) and Strunal or Amada (for guitars). Strunal, in its corporate literature, purports to be the largest manufacturer of stringed musical instruments in Europe. The name Strunal is derived from the Czech spelling of "String" ("Struna") and "Luby."

Images[edit]

Images from Luby, Czech Republic
Center of Luby
Center of Luby 
Town Hall
Town Hall 
Music School
Music School 

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Heimatbuch der Musikstadt Schönbach (Music City Schönbach), edited by the Festival Committee for the 650-Year Celebration of Schöenbach, published in Bubenreuth (1969) OCLC 615201359

External links[edit]