Dardenne brothers

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Dardenne brothers
Dardenne 2014.jpg
Luc (left) and Jean-Pierre Dardenne at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival
Born Jean-Pierre: (1951-04-21) 21 April 1951 (age 65)
Luc: (1954-03-10) 10 March 1954 (age 62)
Liège, Belgium
Occupation Film directors, Producers, Screenwriters
Years active 1978–present

Brothers Jean-Pierre Dardenne (French: [daʁdɛn]; born 21 April 1951) and Luc Dardenne (born 10 March 1954) are a Belgian filmmaking duo. They write, produce and direct their films together.

The Dardennes began making narrative and documentary films in the late 1970s. They came to international attention in the mid-1990s with La Promesse (The Promise). They won their first major international film prize when Rosetta won the Palme d'Or at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival.

In 2002, Olivier Gourmet won Best Actor at Cannes for the Dardennes' Le Fils (The Son). In 2005, they won the Palme d'Or a second time for their film L’Enfant (The Child), putting them in an elite club, at the time, of only seven. Their film, Le Silence de Lorna (Lorna's Silence), won Best Screenplay at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival and was released in Europe in the fall. Their film The Kid with a Bike won the Grand Prix at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, received one Golden Globe nomination and eight Magritte Award nominations.[1] Jean-Pierre was the jury president for the Cinéfoundation and Short Films sections of the 2012 Cannes Film Festival.[2] In 2015, their film Deux jours, une nuit (Two Days, One Night) received nine Magritte Award nominations (winning three) and one Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for Marion Cotillard.

Career[edit]

The Dardenne Brothers at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival.

Creators of intensely naturalistic films about working class life in Belgium, brothers Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne have created a notable body of work since 1996. With La Promesse (The Promise) (1996), Rosetta (1999), Le Fils (The Son) (2002), and L'Enfant (The Child) (2005), the Dardennes’ films show young people at the fringes of society – immigrants, the unemployed, the inhabitants of shelters. Both Rosetta and L'Enfant were awarded the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, the only two Belgian films ever to earn the honor.

The Dardennes were born and raised in Seraing in Liege, in Wallonia, the French-speaking region of Belgium. Jean-Pierre (born in 1951) studied drama while Luc (born three years later) studied philosophy. In 1975 they established Derives, the production company that produced the roughly sixty documentary films they made before branching into feature films. These films covered such topics as Polish immigration, World War II resistance, a general strike in 1960 . Their first two feature films, however, are rarely seen today: Falsch (1987) and Je pense a vous (1992), which Luc would later describe as an "unfortunate adventure."

The Dardennes had their first international success with La Promesse (The Promise) in 1996.

With Rosetta the Dardennes turned their focus to the burdens – philosophical, spiritual, psychological – of unemployment. Émilie Dequenne, who had not acted in film before, and was awarded the Best Actress Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, is the title character, a young woman living with her alcoholic mother in a trailer park. The film is about Rosetta's search for purpose and to Rosetta purpose can only be found through work – she makes her way through Seraing's fringes for the most menial of positions; she catches fish in the muddy, murky stream by her trailer park. Rosetta was the first Belgian film ever to win the Palme d'Or at Cannes, coming in ahead of films by David Lynch, Pedro Almodóvar, Takeshi Kitano, and Raoul Ruiz. The film provided some impetus for a labor law designed to protect young workers like Rosetta shortly after the film's release. "’[I]t was pure chance,’ Jean-Pierre insists. ‘There was already a bill going through, and the minister took advantage of our award to call it the Rosetta Law. But we never intended to get laws changed.’ Luc adds: ‘Of course, we always hope our films will speak to people, disturb them, but we never hoped to change the world’."

Crimes and occupations again figure prominently in the Dardennes’ fourth film, L’Enfant (The Child). The film earned the Dardennes the Palme d'Or from Cannes, their second in seven years. L'Enfant won the André Cavens Award in 2005, making directors Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne fourth time winners of the award.

The Dardenne brothers have a regular stable of collaborators (for all of their films the brothers share writing and directing credits), including cinematographer Alain Marcoen and editor Marie-Hélène Dozo. Jérémie Renier played Igor in La Promesse, Bruno in L’Enfant, Claudy in Le Silence de Lorna (Lorna's Silence) and Guy in Le gamin au vélo (The Kid with a Bike), while Olivier Gourmet, the main character of Le fils, has a brief cameo as a detective in L’Enfant. Like Rosetta's Emilie Dequenne, Déborah François, the seventeen-year-old lead in L’Enfant, was appearing in her first film. Luc Dardenne has described their process of working with actors as follows: "What we do with the actors is also very physical. The day filming begins we do not feel obliged to do things exactly the way they were rehearsed; we pretend that we are starting over from zero so that we can rediscover things that we did before. The instructions we give the actors are above all physical. We start working without the cameraman—just the actors and my brother and me. We walk them through the blocking, first one then the other, trying several different versions. They say but do not act their lines. We do not tell them what the tone of their lines should be; we just say that we will see once the camera is rolling. At this point there is no cameraman, no sound engineer, no lighting. Then we set up all the camera movements exactly and the rhythm of the shot, which is usually a long take. Doing it this way allows us the ability to modify the actors’ movements or any small details."

The Dardennes often employ handheld cameras and use available light. In June 2012, the brothers were invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[3]

Their 2014 film Two Days, One Night was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival.[4] The film received nine nominations at the 5th Magritte Awards, winning three, including Best Film and Best Director.[5] Marion Cotillard received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for her performance in the film, the first Oscar nomination for a Dardenne brothers film.

Their next film will be The Unknown Girl (La Fille inconnue), starring Adèle Haenel as a young doctor who, after turning away a young woman as a patient, grows determined to discover her identity when she is found dead.[6]

Filmography[edit]

The Dardenne Brothers at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.

Features[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Directors Screenwriters Producers
1987 Falsch Yes Yes
1992 Je pense à vous Yes Yes Yes
1995 Faute de soleil Yes Co-producers
1996 La Promesse Yes Yes
1999 Rosetta Yes Yes Yes
2001 The Milk of Human Kindness Yes Co-producers
2002 The Son Yes Yes Yes
2003 The Living World Yes Co-producers
2003 Stormy Weather Yes
2003 The Sun Assassinated Yes
2005 The Axe Yes Co-producers
2005 L'Enfant Yes Yes Yes
2006 The Colonel Yes
2007 Vous êtes de la police? Yes Co-producers
2008 Lorna's Silence Yes Yes Yes
2009 The Front Line Yes
2010 K.O.R. Yes
2011 The Kid with a Bike Yes Yes Yes
2011 The Minister Yes
2012 Rust and Bone Yes Co-producers
2012 Beyond the Hills Yes Co-producers
2013 Marina Yes Co-producers
2013 Je fais le mort Yes Co-producers
2014 Two Days, One Night Yes Yes Yes
2014 Wild Life Yes Co-producers
2015 Diary of a Chambermaid Yes Co-producers
2015 Cowboys Yes Co-producers
2015 Long Live the Bride Yes Co-producers
2016 Le Fils de Joseph Yes Co-producers
2016 Hedi Yes Co-producers
2016 Graduation Yes Co-producers
2016 Pericle Yes Co-producers
2016 The Unknown Girl Yes Yes Yes
2016 Les Carnivores Yes Co-producers

Documentaries[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Directors Screenwriters Producers
1978 Le Chant du rossignol Yes
1980 Pour que la guerre s'achève, les murs devraient s'écrouler Yes Yes
1981 R... ne répond plus Yes Yes Also cinematographers and editors
1982 Leçons d'une université volante Yes Yes Also cinematographers
1983 Regarde Jonathan, Jean Louvet, son œuvre Yes Also editors and camera operators
1997 Gigi, Monica... et Bianca Yes Executive producers
2000 La Devinière Yes Line producer
2002 Brook by Brook Yes TV; co-producers
2002 Romances de terre et d'eau Yes
2005 Il fare politica Yes
2006 Rwanda, les collines parlent Yes
2007 Why We Can't See Each Other Outside When the Sun is Shining Yes
2009 Children Without a Shadow Yes Executive producers
2012 Un été avec Anton Yes TV
2013 À ciel ouvert Yes Co-producers

Shorts[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Directors Screenwriters Producers
1979 Lorsque le bateau de Leon M. descendit la Meuse pour la première fois Yes Yes Documentary; also cinematographers
1987 Il court, il court, le monde Yes Yes
1999 L'Héritier Yes Executive producers
2002 First Love Yes
2007 Dans l'obscurité Yes Yes Segment of the anthology film To Each His Own Cinema
2008 Premier Jour Yes
2011 Bloody Eyes Yes

Honours[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

BAFTA Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Film Not in the English Language Nominated

Belgian Film Critics Association[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
1996 La Promesse André Cavens Award Won
1997 La Promesse Grand Prix Won
1999 Rosetta André Cavens Award Won
2002 The Son André Cavens Award Won
2005 L'Enfant André Cavens Award Won
2014 Two Days, One Night André Cavens Award Won

Bodil Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2007 L'Enfant Best Non-American Film Nominated
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Non-American Film Nominated

Cannes Film Festival[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
1999 Rosetta Palme d'Or Won
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Special Mention
2002 The Son Palme d'Or Nominated
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Special Mention
2005 L'Enfant Palme d'Or Won
2008 Lorna's Silence Palme d'Or Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
2011 The Kid with a Bike Palme d'Or Nominated
Grand Prix Won
2014 Two Days, One Night Palme d'Or Nominated
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Special Prize
2016 The Unknown Girl Palme d'Or Nominated

César Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
1997 La Promesse Best Foreign Film Nominated
2006 L'Enfant Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
2009 Lorna's Silence Best Foreign Film Nominated
2012 The Kid with a Bike Best Foreign Film Nominated
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Foreign Film Nominated

David di Donatello[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2006 L'Enfant Best European Film Nominated

European Film Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
1997 Gigi, Monica... et Bianca Best Documentary Won
1999 Rosetta Best Film Nominated
2002 The Son Best Director Nominated
2005 L'Enfant Best Film Nominated
2006 L'Enfant People's Choice Award for Best European Film Nominated
2011 The Kid with a Bike Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenwriter Won
2014 Two Days, One Night Best Screenwriter Nominated
People's Choice Award for Best European Film Nominated

Globes de Cristal Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Film Nominated

Golden Globe Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2012 The Kid with a Bike Best Foreign Language Film Nominated

Gopo Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2007 L'Enfant Best European Film Nominated
2010 Lorna's Silence Best European Film Nominated
2013 The Kid with a Bike Best European Film Nominated

Guldbagge Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2006 L'Enfant Best Foreign Film Won
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Foreign Film Won

Joseph Plateau Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
1997 La Promesse Best Belgian Director Won
1999 La Promesse Best Belgian Screenplay 1984–1999 Nominated
2000 Rosetta Best Belgian Director Won
2003 The Son Best Belgian Director Won
Best Belgian Screenplay Nominated
2006 L'Enfant Best Belgian Director Won
Best Belgian Screenplay Won

Independent Spirit Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2000 Rosetta Best International Film Nominated
2012 The Kid with a Bike Best International Film Nominated

Lumières Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2003 The Son Best French-Language Film Won
2006 L'Enfant Best French-Language Film Won
2009 Lorna's Silence Best French-Language Film Won
2015 Two Days, One Night Best French-Language Film Won

Lux Prize[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2008 Lorna's Silence Won

Magritte Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2012 The Kid with a Bike Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay Nominated

Robert Awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Category Result
2013 The Kid with a Bike Best Non-American Film Nominated
2015 Two Days, One Night Best Non-American Film Won

Other organisation awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Organisation Category Result
1997 La Promesse Los Angeles Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Won
1997 National Society of Film Critics Best Foreign Language Film Won
1998 International Press Academy Best Foreign Language Film Won
2003 The Son San Francisco Film Critics Circle Best Foreign Language Film Won
2005 L'Enfant Russian Guild of Film Critics Best Foreign Film Won
2006 Toronto Film Critics Association Best Director Won
Best Foreign Language Film Won
2007 Argentine Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2012 The Kid with a Bike San Diego Film Critics Society Best Foreign Language Film Won
2014 Two Days, One Night Online Film Critics Society Best Picture Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Director Nominated
2014 Boston Society of Film Critics Best Foreign Language Film Won
2014 Denver Film Critics Society Best Foreign Language Film Won
2014 London Film Critics' Circle Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated
2015 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2016 Argentine Film Critics Association Best Foreign Language Film Nominated

Other festival awards[edit]

Year Nominated work Film festival Award Result
1996 La Promesse Festival International du Film Francophone de Namur Bayard d'Or for Best Film Won
Audience Award Won
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike Won
FIPRESCI Prize Won
2000 Rosetta Flaiano International Prizes Best Director Won
2003 The Son Fajr International Film Festival Crystal Simorgh for Best International Film Won
2005 L'Enfant Valdivia International Film Festival Best Film Won
2006 Telluride Film Festival Silver Medallion Won
2011 Venice Film Festival Robert Bresson Prize Won
2011 The Kid with a Bike Flaiano International Prizes Best Director Won
2011 Film Fest Gent Joseph Plateau Honorary Award Won
2014 Two Days, One Night Sydney Film Festival Sydney Film Prize Won
2015 Traverse City Film Festival Founders Prize for Best Drama Won

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  2. ^ "The Jury for the Cinéfondation and Short Films". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  3. ^ "Academy Invites 176 to Membership". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Magritte: Pluie de nominations pour les Dardenne et Lucas Belvaux". La Libre Belgique (in French). January 7, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2015. 
  6. ^ "César Winner Adèle Haenel To Lead Dardenne Brothers Next Film 'The Unknown Girl'". Indiewire. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  7. ^ Archives from "Le Soir" newspaper

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sebastiano Gesù (ed.), Etica ed estetica dello sguardo. Il cinema dei fratelli Dardenne, Catania, 2006.

Further reading[edit]

  • Luc Dardenne Au dos de nos images, 1991-2005, éditions du Seuil, Paris, 2005 (a philosophical diary about the making of his films and the one of his brother)
  • Luc Dardenne, Sur l'affaire humaine, Le Seuil, 2012.
  • Luc Dardenne, Au dos de nos images: Tome 2, 2005-2014 (2015)
  • Feuillère, Anne. "Dardennes take on Le silence de Lorna.". Retrieved 2008-03-22. 2007. Cineuropa, 10 October 2007.
  • West, Joan M., West, Dennis. "Taking the Measure of Human Relationships: An Interview with Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne." Cineaste, Summer 2003, Vol. 28, Issue 3.
  • Bickerton, Emilie. "The Art and Politics of the Dardenne Brothers." Cineaste, Spring2006, Vol. 31, Issue 2.
  • Ansen, David. "An awakening." Newsweek, 30 June 1997, Vol. 129, Issue 26.
  • Kauffmann, Stanley. "In a Cruel City." The New Republic, 26 May 1997, Vol. 216, Issue 21.
  • Cunneen, Michael. "Films take on the big issues power and faith." National Catholic Reporter, 12/03/99, Vol. 36, Issue 6.
  • Smith, Gavin. "Promises Fulfilled." The Village Voice, 8 June 1999, Vol.
  • Johnstone, Sheila. "The secret of the Dardenne brothers' Palme d'Or success." The Independent, 17 March 2006.
  • Hoberman, J. "Acts of faith." The Village Voice, 8 January 2003, Vol. 48
  • Scott, A.O. "A Father and the Boy Who Killed His Son." New York Times, 28 September 2002, Vol. 152 Issue 52255
  • Klawans, Stuart. "The Wild Child." The Nation, 10 April 2006, Vol. 282 Issue 14.
  • Wolfreys, Jim. "Reality Bites." Socialist Review, December 2008, Issue 331.
  • Mai, Joseph, "Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne". University of Illinois Press, 2010 ISBN 978-0-252-07711-1
  • Crano, R.d., "Furtive Urbanism in the Films of Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne," Film-Philosophy 13.1, April 2009.
  • Dillet, B. and T. Puri, 'Left-over spaces: The cinema of the Dardenne brothers', Film-Philosophy, 17.1, 2013, pp. 367-82.

External links[edit]