Lucan Biddulph

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Lucan Biddulph
Township (lower-tier)
Township of Lucan Biddulph
Lucan Biddulph is located in Southern Ontario
Lucan Biddulph
Lucan Biddulph
Coordinates: 43°12′N 81°23′W / 43.200°N 81.383°W / 43.200; -81.383Coordinates: 43°12′N 81°23′W / 43.200°N 81.383°W / 43.200; -81.383
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Middlesex
Formed January 1, 1999
 • Mayor Cathy Burghardt-Jesson
 • Federal riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
 • Prov. riding Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
 • Land 169.14 km2 (65.31 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 4,700
 • Density 27.8/km2 (72/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code N0M 2J0
Area code(s) 519 and 226

Lucan Biddulph is an incorporated township in Ontario, Canada. It was formed on January 1, 1999, by amalgamating the Village of Lucan with Biddulph Township. The township had a population of 4,700 people in the Canada 2016 Census, up 8.3% from 4,388 people in 2011, and covers an area of 169.14 km2 of land within Middlesex County.[2]


Lucan Biddulph is an agricultural community with fertile soils used for growing crops and raising livestock. Many of the township's residents are employed in the agricultural sector.


Communities in the township include Lucan, Granton, Mooresville, Clandeboye, Elginfield, Whalen Corners, and Prospect Hill. The township administrative offices are located in Lucan.



Comprising 40,000 acres (160 km2) of Middlesex County, the Township of Biddulph was surveyed by agents of the Canada Company in 1830. The township took its name from John Biddulph, one of the earliest directors of the Canada Company.[3]

Until its incorporation in 1872, the village of Lucan had been known as Marystown, named in tribute to the wife of John McDonald, who was the original land surveyor of the area. When a duplicate Marystown was found to have already registered with the Post Office the name Lucan was put forth and accepted by the postal authorities. Lucan was named in tribute to Lord Lucan, a prominent landowner in Ireland.[4]


Despite being more than 500 km (310 mi) to the North, in 1829, the area became a refuge for a group of free African Americans from Cincinnati, Ohio, who were under threat from riots and restricted employment opportunities. This group of roughly 200 disenfranchised blacks were granted refuge and land by the Canada Company and duly set up a colony named Wilberforce. This was one of the earliest, if not the earliest, settlements connected with the American Colonization Society (which was established in 1816 to settle free blacks in an African colony) in Upper Canada, and existed before emancipation. The flight of blacks northward into Canada beginning around this time was part of the Underground Railroad.

Most of the Cincinnati blacks came from city life and did not adapt well to the harsh farming environment. Large lots of land were cleared (logged) and efforts were made to sustain the colony, but much of it dwindled through the 1840s and many of the original colonists moved on to larger, growing urban centres such as Detroit, Cleveland or Toronto to obtain wage-based employment. A small number remained on to work the land through subsequent generations.

The area was then further logged and settled by whites, many from Ireland, some of whom purchased farmsteads from the departing blacks or new lots sold to them cheaply by the Canada Company. Nowadays fewer than 40 descendants of the ancestral blacks remain.[5]

After this time, about 1850, the majority of the township's landholders were Irish Catholics, a large number originating from farming lands in County Tipperary, Ireland.

Early History[edit]

An important railway route belonging to the Grand Trunk Railway opened in 1856, passing through the village. The village and surrounding township prospered as a result of quicker access to larger marketplaces, such as Toronto farther to the east, and new immigrants settling the area.

The Donnelly Massacre[edit]

Biddulph Township is also known for being the site of the brutal February 4, 1880 massacre of five of the Black Donnellys, an immigrant Irish family caught up in a long-standing local feud. This story has been written about many times and is etched into the criminal history of rural Ontario and is also known throughout the rest of Canada and the United States.

The Lucan Snowstorm[edit]

A record snowfall (aka "Snowmageddon") occurred between Dec. 4-8, 2010, affecting Huron and Middlesex Counties. A total of 177 cm (68") of snow fell during a 102-hour period (it snowed on 98 of those hours).[6]


The festival celebrates bacon, motorcycles, and live music. Started in 2014, by a local business, the event has grown attendance to over 20,000 people. It is held every second Saturday in July.

Ryan O'Reilly Incident[edit]

On July 13, 2015, Ontario Provincial Police charged hockey player Ryan O'Reilly with impaired driving following an incident when the pick up truck he was driving struck a Tim Hortons in Lucan.


Canada census – Lucan Biddulph community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 4700 (8.3% from 2011) 4338 (3.6% from 2006) 4187 (-0.3% from 2001)
Land area: 169.14 km2 (65.31 sq mi) 169.15 km2 (65.31 sq mi) 169.15 km2 (65.31 sq mi)
Population density: 27.8/km2 (72/sq mi) 25.6/km2 (66/sq mi) 24.8/km2 (64/sq mi)
Median age: 39.6 (M: 39.2, F: 40.0) 38.9 (M: 38.6, F: 39.2) 37.3 (M: 37.0, F: 37.6)
Total private dwellings: 1837 1653 1556
Median household income: $84,829 $62,152
References: 2016[7] 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]

Population trend:[11]

  • Population in 2006: 4187
  • Population in 2001: 4201
  • Population total in 1996: 4166
    • Biddulph (township): 2208
    • Lucan (village): 1958
  • Population in 1991:
    • Biddulph (township): 2196
    • Lucan (village): 1847


Lucan is home to the Lucan Irish, a junior hockey team that plays in the Provincial Junior Hockey League. Lucan was the home of the Lucan-Ilderton Jets Senior AA hockey club, a member of the Western Ontario Athletic Association Senior Hockey League until they moved to Komoka Ontario and became the Komoka Classics in 2011.

Lucan FC represents Lucan in Ontario Soccer Association play in the Elgin Middlesex Soccer Association.[12]

Alexander Noble Garrett, born on the homestead, lot 11, South Boundary, Biddulph, August 13, 1862, was an outstanding athlete who excelled at a number of different sports. In particular, he was the goalkeeper on the Canadian soccer teams that toured Britain in 1888 and 1891. Later he was the sports editor of the Toronto World newspaper for many years. His son Dudley Mark Garrett played football for the Toronto Argonauts, and grandson, Dudley Morine Garrett, played hockey for the Toronto Maple Leafs and New York Rangers. A.N. Garrett, died in Toronto January 17, 1941.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Census Profile". 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-04-01. 
  2. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census - Census subdivision of Lucan Biddulph, TP (Ontario)". Retrieved 2018-05-30. 
  3. ^ Raycraft Lewis, J: "The Birth of Biddulph", Sure an' this is Biddulph(1964)
  4. ^ Raycraft Lewis, Jennie Lewis (1966). Sure an' this is Biddulph. p. 163. OCLC 37399. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision". 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  6. ^ Horkay, Alex (December 9, 2010). "Lucan takes record snowfall in stride". The Star. Toronto. 
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-01. 
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-19. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 

External links[edit]