Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer

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Lucas Waghenaer
Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer

Unknown, c. 1534
DiedUnknown, c. 1606 (aged 71–72)
Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic
Other namesLucas Ioannes Aurigarius
OccupationNautical cartographer

Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (c. 1534c. 1606) was a Dutch cartographer and a notable figure of the Golden Age of Netherlandish cartography, known for his pioneering contributions on the subject of nautical cartography.



Waghenaer is one of the founding fathers and most famous members of the North Holland school, which played a major role in the early development of Dutch nautical chart-making. Between 1550 and 1579, Waghenaer sailed the seas as a chief officer. During these years he must have been in contact with Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian seafarers.

The knowledge of maritime charts and sailing instructions Waghenaer gained from these contacts were of great influence on his later work. After his seafaring career he worked in the port of Enkhuizen, as collector of maritime dues.


"Zee Caerte van Portugal" (1584)[1]

His first publication, Spieghel der zeevaerdt ("Mariner's mirror"), appeared in 1584.[2] This chart-book combined an atlas of nautical charts and sailing directions with instructions for navigation on the western and north-western coastal waters of Europe.

It was the first of its kind in the history of nautical cartography, and was an immediate success. A second part was published the next year and was reprinted several times, and translated into English, German, Latin, and French.[3]

In 1592, his second pilot book, Thresoor der zeevaert ("Treasure of navigation"), was published.[4] His third and last publication, Enchuyser zeecaertboeck ("Enkhuizen sea-chart-book"), was released in 1598.[5]


Waghenaer died around 1606, in Enkhuizen and in apparent poverty, moving the municipal authorities to extend his pension a year longer for his widow.[6]




  • Bartelds, J. C. E. (1927). "Waghenaer (Lucas Jansz.)". Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek (in Dutch). Vol. 7. Leiden: Sijthoff. pp. 1304–1305.
  • Koeman, C. (1965). "Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer: a sixteenth century marine cartographer". Geogr. J. 131 (2): 202–212. doi:10.2307/1793794. JSTOR 1793794.
  • Van der Aa, A. J. (1877). "Waghenaer (Lucas Jansz.)". Biographisch Woordenboek der Nederlanden (in Dutch). Vol. 20. Haarlem: Brederode. p. 21.
  • Waghenaer, L. (1584). 't Eerste deel vande Spieghel der zeevaerdt (in Dutch). Leiden: Christoffel Plantijn. OCLC 68854319.
  • Waghenaer, L. (1585). 't Tweede deel vande Spieghel der zeevaerdt (in Dutch). Leiden: Christoffel Plantijn. OCLC 68010430.
  • Waghenaer, L. (1592). Thresoor der zeevaert (in Dutch). Leiden: Franciscus Raphelengius. OCLC 433709176.
  • Waghenaer, L. (1598). Enchuyser zeecaertboeck (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Cornelis Claeszoon. OCLC 46219765.

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