Lucas Kilian (1579 – 1637) was a German engraver and member of the Kilian family of engravers in Augsburg.
He was the son of Bartholomaus Kilian the elder and Maria Pfeiffelmann. After his father's death in 1588 his mother remarried Dominicus Custos and he and his brother Wolfgang became his pupils. He is known for his engravings after Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem. His anatomy broadsides, Catoptri Microcosmici ('Mirrors of the Microcosm'), produced after designs by the medical doctor Johannes Remmelin and published by Stephan Michelspacher, were much reprinted after their original publication in 1613, including a 1615 pamphlet, a 1619 book, reprints in German, Latin, Dutch and English, as well as a 1754 Italian plagiarism. He died in Augsburg.
- Lucas Kilian in the RKD
- Schmidt, Suzanne Karr. "Printed Bodies and the Materiality of Early Modern Prints," Art in Print Vol. 1 No. 1 (May-June 2011).
- Media related to Lucas Kilian at Wikimedia Commons