Lucas di Grassi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lucas di Grassi
Di Grassi at the 2017 Berlin ePrix.jpg
Di Grassi at the 2017 Berlin ePrix
Nationality Brazil Brazilian
Born (1984-08-11) 11 August 1984 (age 34)
São Paulo, Brazil
Formula E career
Debut season 2014–15
Current team Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler
Car no. 1
Starts 45
Championships 1 (2016-17)
Wins 8
Podiums 27
Poles 3
Fastest laps 4
Best finish 1st in 2016-17
Finished last season 2nd
WEC career
Debut season 2012
Current team Audi Sport Team Joest
Car no. 1
Former teams 0
Starts 28
Championships 0
Wins 2
Poles 3
Fastest laps 2
Best finish 2nd in 2016
Finished last season 2nd
Formula One World Championship career
Active years 2010
Teams Virgin
Entries 19 (18 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First entry 2010 Bahrain Grand Prix
Last entry 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Lucas Tucci di Grassi (born 11 August 1984) is a Brazilian racing driver who competes in the all-electric FIA Formula E Championship for Audi Sport ABT Schaffler and is the CEO of Roborace. In his career, he has won multiple races in single-seaters and sports cars. Di Grassi's most prolific success was when he won in the 2016–17 Formula E Drivers' Championship.

Born in São Paulo, di Grassi began racing karts at the age of ten, and achieved early success in the regional and later national kart series. He progressed to car racing in 2002 and was the runner up in the Formula Renault 2.0 Brazil and Formula 3 Sudamericana championships. Di Grassi took two consecutive victories in the 2004 British Formula Three Championship and progressed to the Euro Series the following year which saw him clinch a solitary race victory and was the winner of the non-championship Macau Grand Prix. After that, he spent the next three years in the GP2 Series where he won four races and finished the runner-up in 2007 to Timo Glock.

Di Grassi drove in Formula One with the brand new Virgin Racing team in 2010 but was outperformed by his teammate Glock and was dropped for the following season. He was subsequently employed by Pirelli in mid-2011 as their official tyre tester and developed the company's next generation of tyres. Di Grassi continued this role into 2012. For the next four seasons, he drove for Audi Sport Team Joest in the FIA World Endurance Championship and took a best finish of second with two victories in 2016. Since 2014, di Grassi has raced in Formula E and has scored six victories along with his success in the 2016–17 Drivers' Championship.

Early and personal life[edit]

Di Grassi was born on 11 August 1984 in São Paulo, Brazil.[1] He is of Italian descent through his grandfather who came from Polignano a Mare.[2] Di Grassi's family did not have a background in motor racing but his uncle owned a go-kart shop and di Grassi visited him driving go-karts every weekend between the ages of seven and eight.[3] He was educated at the local Santa Cruz High School and later went on to graduate with a degree in Economics after his second year at the private business university Ibmec.[1] Di Grassi married the designer Bianca Diniz Caloi in a ceremony held in the São Paulo municipality of Itirapina on 1 December 2013.[4] He currently resides in Monaco.[5] On 3 July 2018, di Grassi became a father with the birth of his son Leonardo.[6]

He founded the fuel conservation non-governmental organisation Smarter Driving in 2007 and was appointed the United Nations Environment Programme's clean air ambassador in 2018.[7] Di Grassi partakes in triathlons to maintain his fitness and balance his racing career. He is also a member of the high IQ society Mensa. In addition to his native Portuguese, he is fluent in English, Italian, Spanish and has basic knowledge of French.[5]

Early career[edit]

Karting and early junior formulae[edit]

Upon the invitation of his father, Vito, the former vice-president of the Brazilian heavy vehicles manufacturer Engesa, di Grassi made his karting debut at the age of ten. He won a karting series in São Paulo in 1997, and continued to progress upwards through the South American karting series by winning several races in his native country. The peak of di Grassi's karting career came in 2000 when he placed fifth overall in the Formula A World Championship.[8] That year, he won the Pan American Kart Championship.[5] Di Grassi made his car racing debut in 2002, driving in the Formula Renault 2.0 Brazil, finishing the season with two victories, and placed seven points behind the series victor Sérgio Jimenez.[8] In 2003, he switched to the Formula 3 Sudamericana and joined the Avellone team. Di Grassi took one victory and stood on the podium eleven times, en route to second in the championship, behind the more experienced Danilo Dirani,[8] despite missing the season's final six races due to him injuring his neck in an accident he sustained in Curitiba.[9]

He elected to move to the United Kingdom in 2004 so he could take part in the British Formula Three Championship with Hitech Racing. Di Grassi won both races at the Thruxton meeting but the remainder of the season was difficult for him and could only muster eighth in the final standings in spite of good qualifying performances. He was invited to race in the season-ending Macau Grand Prix and came third.[9] Di Grassi graduated to the Formula 3 Euro Series in 2005 with Manor Motorsport[9] but started the season with a major accident at the Hockenheimring where he attempted to pass Giedo van der Garde but clipped the latter's rear-left wheel. He launched into the air and rolled several times before resting in the tyre barrier.[10] Di Grassi recovered to have a solid season and took a lights-to-flag victory at the Oschersleben and came third in the championship.[8] He took a third-place finish at the Masters of Formula 3,[11] and won the end-of-the season Macau Grand Prix from third on the grid by passing Robert Kubica shortly after a safety car restart in the closing stages of the event.[12]

GP2 Series and Formula One testing (2006–2009)[edit]

2006 brought di Grassi to the next stage of his career as he entered the GP2 Series support series with the unsuccessful Durango team and was partnered by the Spanish driver Sergio Hernández.[13] While his local rival Nelson Piquet Jr. battled Lewis Hamilton for the championship,[8] di Grassi struggled with a noncompetitive car and could only muster eight points throughout the course of the season.[9] With assistance from the Renault Formula One team, he signed a contract to race for ART Grand Prix in the 2007 season in December 2006 and was partnered for the first round by Michael Ammermüller.[14] He scored points consistently throughout the season, failing to score only once in the first thirteen races. Despite not winning a race in that time, it put di Grassi in contention for the championship along with iSport driver Timo Glock.[15]

Di Grassi driving for Campos Grand Prix at the Silverstone round of the 2008 GP2 Series.

He scored his first win of the year in the fourteenth round of the season at Istanbul, and took the lead of the championship,[16] but Glock moved back ahead of him when he won the sprint race at the same track.[17] Heading into the final race of the season at Valencia, di Grassi was two points adrift of Glock and said that he was not worried over outside factors determining the title.[18] In changeable weather conditions, di Grassi started on wet tyres, but the rain let up, and he entered the pit lane after two laps for the slick tyres. He pushed too hard on the slippery surface and beached his car in the gravel trap.[19] Glock took the victory in the sprint race and earned one additional point for the fastest lap to clinch the title while di Grassi struggled throughout to finish outside of the top ten.[20]

Di Grassi had no intentions of remaining in GP2 for 2008 as due to his relationship with Renault he was developing the series's new Dallara GP2/08 chassis in addition to his Formula One test and reserve driver duties.[8][9] However, he resumed his GP2 career that year by securing a drive at Campos Racing from round four onwards, replacing the 2007 Formula Renault 3.5 Series runner-up Ben Hanley.[21] With three-second places and one fourth-place finish, di Grassi was the highest-scoring driver over the first two race meetings in which he took part. Two wins followed and he briefly looked set for a surprising championship challenge, before a final lap collision with Giorgio Pantano (who was disqualified for the incident) at Spa-Francorchamps effectively ended di Grassi's hopes.[8] He finished an eventual third, ten points behind Pantano despite six fewer races.[9]

Di Grassi sought to race in Formula One in 2009 with Renault and speculation arose in the motor sport press over him replacing fellow countryman Nelson Piquet Jr. after the latter's poor performance compared to his teammate Fernando Alonso.[22][23] Renault looked at running either di Grassi or fellow test driver Romain Grosjean for the season,[23] but eventually chose to keep Piquet and Alonso.[22] He along with the 2008 GP2 Series runner-up Bruno Senna were strongly considered by Ross Brawn to drive for Honda. The pair tested the Honda RA108 at the Circuit de Catalunya in mid-November which had di Grassi lap within half a second of Senna's pace.[24] After Honda withdrew from Formula One due to the global financial crisis, Brawn elected for experience over youth by retaining Rubens Barrichello.[25]

With no other options available, di Grassi chose to remain in GP2 for another season and signed to drive for Racing Engineering, partnering Dani Clos. He was released from his Renault testing duties after the world governing body of motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), prohibited Formula One teams from undertaking in-season testing.[26] However, di Grassi was retained as Renault's reserve driver and was prepared as a potential replacement from Grosjean in the Singapore Grand Prix after Grosjean became ill with food poisoning.[27] He opened the season with two four-place finishes at the duo of Monaco races before clinching his sole victory of the campaign in the Istanbul sprint race from reverse grid pole position. Over the coming rounds, it was noticeable that di Grassi would not be able to clinch the title but came second in the Silverstone feature race. He followed this up with six further podiums throughout the remainder of the season.[8] As in the previous year, di Grassi was third in the drivers' standings.[9]

Formula One (2010)[edit]

Di Grassi driving for Virgin Racing at the Malaysian Grand Prix where he secured his best finish in Formula One.

Di Grassi was announced in as one of two drivers of the brand new Virgin Racing team on 15 December 2009 and would be partnered by his former GP2 Series rival Timo Glock in a deal predicted by BBC Radio Sheffield.[28] An important factor in his decision was the chance to work with John Booth, the Virgin team principal.[28] It was reported by The Daily Telegraph that di Grassi had also provided Virgin with £5 million worth of sponsorship.[29] Writing in The Guardian's 2010 Formula One supplement, Alan Henry and Rob Bagchi predicted that Glock would outperform di Grassi throughout the season.[30] He retired from the opening two rounds of the season (Bahrain and Australia) due to hydraulic problems.[31][32] However his fortunes improved at Sepang where he took his first (and best finish) of the season with a 14th in spite of having to do the second half of the race in fuel conservation mode due to pick-up and fuel capacity problems.[33]

Di Grassi struggled at the Chinese Grand Prix which had him start from the pit lane. He trundled behind Lotus driver Karun Chandhok until he retired with clutch failure after completing nine laps.[34] Further issues arose in Spain as di Grassi battled with car setup and was the last driver to finish the race,[34] and retired early in Monaco due to his right-rear wheel becoming loose at his pit stop.[35] At the Turkish Grand Prix, problems striking multiple Cosworth-engine cars elevated di Grassi to 19th although he had to manage his engine to finish it. Hydraulics issues further afflicted him in Canada but still managed to finish the race and only needed one pit stop to reach the conclusion of the European Grand Prix two weeks later before further a hydraulics issue ended his participation in the British Grand Prix after nine laps.[34]

Di Grassi competing at the Belgian Grand Prix where he battled with Heikki Kovalainen in the final ten laps.

A further retirement followed at the Hockenheimring from a damaged rear suspension from hitting a kerb too hard,[36] and had further difficulty at the Hungaroring when he was put a lap down due to a loose wheel but still managed to finish. In variable weather conditions at the Belgian Grand Prix, he battled Lotus's Heikki Kovalainen in the closing ten laps which ended in the latter's favour by two seconds before another suspension issue ended his Italian Grand Prix with three laps left.[34] Di Grassi had impressed the Virgin Racing engineers with his feedback but Booth had not been satisfied with his pace against Glock and scouted an alternative driver that ended with Booth coming into contact with the Belgian racer Jérôme d'Ambrosio.[8] Di Grassi was the last classified driver in the Singapore Grand Prix,[34] and did not start the Japanese Grand Prix as he crashed on the way to the grid.[37]

At the inaugural Korean Grand Prix, di Grassi lost control of his car while trying to overtake the Hispania driver Sakon Yamamoto and crashed into the barriers on the 26th lap.[38] He struggled with further problems with his suspension at his home race of Brazil, and despite his team's mechanics rectifying the issue at his mid-race pit stop, he was not classified in the final results.[34] At the season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, di Grassi chose to make a pit stop for new tyres during a safety car period and managed them until the end of the race.[39] He ended the season 24th in the Drivers' Championship and scored no points.[9] On 19 December, di Grassi won the Desafio Internacional das Estrelas, a karting event organised by Felipe Massa.[40] Two days later, he was left without a drive, after Virgin announced d'Ambrosio to partner Glock in 2011.[41]

Pirelli test driver and sports car racing (2011–present)[edit]

2011–2014[edit]

The Renault R30 (pictured in its 2010 configuration) which di Grassi tested in 2012 to develop Pirelli's next generation of tyres in Formula One.

In 2011, di Grassi re-organised his management and sought a Pirelli tyre testing role.[42] This was attained on 6 July and he developed Pirelli's Formula One tyres for the 2011 season, and drove the company's Toyota TF109 test car in five test sessions in order to develop the next generation of tyres, as well as attending several race weekends where he collected information about tyre performance and attended technical briefings.[43] In late 2011, he was among two drivers vying for a seat with Peugeot and tested for the team at the Circuit Paul Ricard and the Ciudad del Motor de Aragón in October.[44] Di Grassi was close to signing a contract with Peugeot but the manufacturer withdrew from sports car racing in January 2012 because of financial difficulties.[45] He remained with Pirelli for the 2012 season alongside the former Toro Rosso driver Jaime Alguersuari to help develop tyres for 2013 and beyond using a Renault R30 chassis.[46] The chassis was upgraded to the 2012 requirements for Alguersuari and di Grassi to run the car across four development tests during the course of the season at the Circuito de Jerez, Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Autodromo Nazionale Monza and the Circuit de Catalunya to help Pirelli improve its selection of tyres.[46]

Di Grassi made his endurance racing debut at the 2012 24 Hours of Nürburgring, driving the No. 69 Dörr Motorsport McLaren MP4-12C GT3, and was joined by Rudi Adams, Chris Goodwin and Jochen Übler. The quartet retired after eleven laps from multiple problems.[47] He made his first appearance in the World Endurance Championship (WEC) at the 6 Hours of São Paulo, competing for Audi Sport Team Joest in place of Rinaldo Capello who retired after the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Di Grassi drove the No. 2 Audi R18 e-tron quattro alongside Tom Kristensen and Allan McNish,[48] finishing third overall.[49] Afterwards, he entered the International V8 Supercars Championship for the Armor All Gold Coast 600 round, partnering Michael Patrizi at Tekno Autosports in a Holden VE Commodore, finishing eleventh in the first race, but missed the second after Patrizi heavily damaged the car in qualifying.[50] In November, di Grassi returned to Macau to compete in the GT Cup, driving the AF Corse Ferrari 458 GT3, taking second after battling Edoardo Mortara for the win.[51]

The No. 3 Audi R18 e-tron quattro that di Grassi shared with Oliver Jarvis and Marc Gené at the 2013 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Based on his performance in São Paulo, Audi offered di Grassi a contract in late 2012 which he accepted. He replaced Marco Bonanomi whom Audi released.[52] Audi announced in January 2013 that di Grassi was selected to race for the team in the opening round of the 2013 American Le Mans Series at the 12 Hours of Sebring.[53] He again teamed up with Kristensen and McNish,[53] finishing second overall after exchanging the lead several times with the sister Audi.[54] Shortly after the 6 Hours of Silverstone, Audi announced that di Grassi would be racing an experimental car at the 6 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps and the 24 Hours of Le Mans alongside Oliver Jarvis and Marc Gené.[55] The trio took third place in an Audi clean sweep of the podium.[56] At Le Mans, despite a puncture in the race's opening hours, he, Jarvis and Gené took a second consecutive third place finish as Kristensen, McNish and Loïc Duval's No. 2 Audi secured the overall victory.[57] Di Grassi, Jarvis and Gené's meant they finished ninth in the World Endurance Drivers' Championship.[58] In late August, di Grassi drove the Audi RS5 DTM at a test session, held at the Red Bull Ring.[59]

To start 2014, he raced the No. 21 RCM Motorsport Chevrolet Sonic alongside Thiago Camilo for the opening round of the Stock Car Brasil season at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace; the duo retired on the first lap due to a clutch failure.[60][61] Di Grassi was retained by Audi for 2014 and was promoted to a full-time racing seat. He was selected to replace the retired McNish in the No. 1 Audi and shared it with Kristensen and Duval.[62] Di Grassi started the season by retiring due to chassis damage arising from a crash at the 6 Hours of Silverstone,[63] but recovered to finish second overall at Spa-Francorchamps.[64] Although the No. 1 Audi's fuel injectors and turbocharger were replaced, di Grassi, Kristensen and Duval took second at Le Mans three laps adrift of André Lotterer, Benoît Tréluyer and Marcel Fässler's winning car.[65] After another second position at the Circuit of the Americas, he clinched a hat-trick of fifth-places before ending with a podium at the season-closing 6 Hours of São Paulo.[66] The trio's results ranked them ninth in the drivers' standings with 117 points.[9]

2015–present[edit]

As in the previous year, di Grassi took part in the season-opening round of the Stock Car Brasil in the No. 21 RCM Motorsport Chevrolet Sonic that he shared with Thiago Camilo but this time at the Autódromo Internacional Ayrton Senna and the two finished fifth.[67] He remained with Audi for the upcoming season and was paired with Oliver Jarvis and Loïc Duval in the No. 8 car.[68] He began the year with a fifth-place at Silverstone followed by a seventh at Spa-Francorchamps.[66] Le Mans was different for the trio as Duval crashed heavily in the third hour and this ended their chances of winning the race but were able to settle for fourth overall.[69] The trio took fourth at the inaugural 6 Hours of Nürburgring,[70] and followed this up by securing their first (and only) podium of the season at the 6 Hours of Circuit of the Americas in third position despite serving a one-minute stop-and-go penalty for a pit lane infringement.[71] After that, he took two back-to-back fourth-place finishes in Fuji and Shanghai and rounded out the season with a fifth at Bahrain.[66] Di Grassi's results for the season placed him fourth in the Drivers' Championship and accumulated 99 points.[9]

The Audi R18 (pictured at the 2016 Paris Motor Show) that di Grassi, Duval and Oliver Jarvis drove in the 2016 World Endurance Championship.

For the third consecutive year, he shared the No. 21 RCM Motorsport Chevrolet Sonic with Thiago Camilo in the season-opening Stock Car Brasil round which in 2016 was held at the Autódromo Internacional de Curitiba; the duo came fourteenth.[72] Di Grassi's WEC campaign started badly when his car's hybrid system failed at the season-opening 6 Hours of Silverstone,[73] but recovered to take advantage of problems striking the LMP1 field to secure his first outright victory in the series at Spa-Francorchamps.[74] Variable weather conditions were dealt with at Le Mans but the trio spent thirty-nine minutes in the pit lane to replace brakes and settled for third overall after the No. 5 Toyota TS050 Hybrid was not classified for failing to complete the final lap.[75] On Audi's orders, di Grassi took part in the Norisring round of the Audi Sport TT Cup as a guest driver,[76] finishing second in the first race and won the second.[77]

The trio matched Porsche for pace at the 6 Hours of Nürburgring and ended the duel in second,[78] but a wheel bearing failure in Mexico City meant the car was out of contention.[79] At the 6 Hours of Circuit of the Americas two weeks later the trio led before electrical failure cost them fifty seconds but the switch to di Grassi had him push hard for second overall.[80] Another strong performance came at Fuji where the car led for the majority of the race until the No. 6 Toyota of Kamui Kobayashi took over first place and held onto it despite the trio's advances.[81] Di Grassi took the lead at Shanghai but a refuelling rig issue lost him time, meaning he could only manage fifth.[82] He, Jarvis and Duval dominated the 6 Hours of Bahrain to win Audi's final World Endurance Championship race,[83] and their efforts throughout the season earned them second in the drivers' standings with 147.5 points.[9]

Di Grassi was offered a contract to race for Toyota at the 2017 6 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps and the 24 Hours of Le Mans but he was not granted clearance by Audi to race in LMP1.[84] He was later slated to co-drive the No. 51 AF Corse Ferrari 488 GTE at Le Mans but was ruled out due to an ankle injury he sustained in a football match.[85] In October 2017, di Grassi was announced as one of sixteen drivers selected to participate in the Audi Sport TT Cup series-ending Race of Legends at the Hockenheimring.[86] He finished in second after battling with Frank Stippler for the victory in the race's final laps.[87] The following month, di Grassi returned to Macau for the first time in five years to compete in the FIA GT World Cup in an Audi R8 LMS fielded by HCB-Rutronik Racing.[88] He was involved in a multi-car pile up in the first lap of the qualifying race, but was cleared by doctors for the following day's main race.[89] Di Grassi retired following an accident on the sixth lap.[90]

Formula E (2012–present)[edit]

Di Grassi (rightmost, holding the steering wheel) and Formula E CEO Alejandro Agag (sixth person from left) unveiling the Spark-Renault SRT 01E.

Formula E promoter Alejandro Agag sought di Grassi's technological expertise as a driver to develop the series' electric racecar.[91] He was initially dubious as he was not convinced that electric car racing would be exciting but reconsidered after hearing its socially-oriented goal to develop attractive environmentally friendly vehicles.[92] A year later, di Grassi was announced as the official test driver for Formula E.[93] He first tested the prototype Formula E car at Circuit de L'Eure near Paris in August 2012,[94] and was heavily involved in the development of the vehicle.[91] Di Grassi later terminated his contract as test driver to race in the series.[95] On 13 February 2014, di Grassi was announced to be competing in the inaugural Formula E season with Audi Sport ABT alongside his campaign in the World Endurance Championship. His teammate is the former GP2 driver Daniel Abt.[96]

2014–15[edit]

Di Grassi at the 2015 Berlin ePrix where he was disqualified for running a non-standardised front wing.

In September 2014, di Grassi won the first race of the season in Beijing, the first driver to win an all-electric motor race.[97] He recorded two more consecutive podiums in Putrajaya with a second place finish, and in Punta del Este with third place to give him the lead in the championship.[98][99] However, di Grassi had bad luck with a suspension failure in Buenos Aires, causing him to retire from the lead, and technical issues caused him to finish ninth in Miami, to lose the championship lead.[100] He bounced back by finishing in third position at Long Beach,[100] and second place in Monaco to give himself a four-point lead with four rounds to go.[101] Di Grassi's championship took a blow when he was disqualified from victory due to illegal modifications to his front wing endplates in Berlin;[102] with second place in Moscow to Nelson Piquet Jr., di Grassi entered the season-ending double-header in London seventeen points in arrears.[103] He finished fourth and sixth in the two races in London, one place ahead of Piquet each time. As a result, the driver finished eleven points behind Piquet and lost second to Sébastien Buemi, who won the first race.[104] Di Grassi, however, managed the most podium finishes of any driver with six.[9]

2015–16[edit]

Di Grassi celebrating his victory in the 2016 Paris ePrix

For the second consecutive season, he achieved three podium finishes in the opening three races. Di Grassi started the season with second place in Beijing and then followed this up with victory in Putrajaya and took the championship lead.[105] He followed up his win with second place in Punta del Este behind Buemi,[106] and third place in Buenos Aires also behind Buemi, meaning he was four points behind after four races.[107]

Di Grassi's title hopes took a brief blow after being disqualified from the win at the Mexico City after his car was found to be below the minimum weight limit.[108] He bounced back with a victory at Long Beach, while points leader Buemi had a mistake-filled race, where he collided into the back of Robin Frijns, had to switch cars early and ultimately finished sixteenth and took two points for fastest lap.[109] Now with a one-point advantage in the championship, he then followed this up with another victory in Paris whereas Buemi finished in third to give him an eleven-point lead heading into Berlin.[110] The scenario was reversed in Berlin, as Buemi took victory and di Grassi finishing third after teammate Abt refused team orders to let him through in the final laps.[111]

Di Grassi extended his championship lead to three after the first London ePrix race, finishing fourth to Buemi's fifth,[112] but Buemi stated his rival was "willing to crash" after their battle during the race.[113] Buemi eradicated that advantage with pole position for the season's final race, while di Grassi qualified third behind Buemi's team-mate Nico Prost. On the opening lap, di Grassi and Prost went side-by-side through the opening bends and under braking for turn three, di Grassi made slight contact with Prost and ran into the back of Buemi. Both cars sustained damage in the collision; Buemi's rear wing was dislodged, while di Grassi's front wing was removed as well as damage to the front-right suspension. With the drivers down the order, and two points available for the race's fastest lap, di Grassi and Buemi used their second cars to commence a battle to set the fastest lap time while not getting held up by other drivers. Di Grassi initially set the best time, before Buemi improved upon that, and ultimately took the championship title by five tenths on track, and two points in the championship.[114][115]

2016–17[edit]

Di Grassi competing in the 2017 New York City ePrix

During the off season, di Grassi became the first person to drive an electric car on the Arctic polar ice cap in an area of Northern Greenland and produced a video clip that promotes awareness of global warming.[116] He opened the first three races of the 2016-17 season with a second place at the inaugural Hong Kong ePrix and followed this up with a fifth position in Marrakesh and clinched another podium in the Buenos Aires round with a third place finish.[117] After being involved in a first lap accident which necessitated a change of rear wing at the Mexico City race, di Grassi then made the switch into his second car which meant he would have to conserve electrical energy towards the race's end. However, circumstances including a safety car meant he held onto the lead to clinch his first victory of the season and was now five points in arrears of Buemi.[118] A month later in Monaco, he launched an attack on Buemi for the win in the closing stages of the ePrix but was unable to get ahead and took second place.[119]

Di Grassi, however, struggled in the Paris ePrix as he made contact with the Andretti car of António Félix da Costa and later crashed out.[120] His performance at the first double header of the season at Berlin reduced Buemi's championship lead from a season-high forty-three points to thirty-two.[121] Di Grassi then accumulated a further twenty-two points at the July New York City ePrix to be ten points behind Buemi (who missed the race due to a World Endurance Championship commitment at the Nürburgring) heading into the season-closing double header in Montreal two weeks later.[122] He clinched the pole position for the first ePrix which he won and came seventh in the second. In addition, di Grassi took advantage of Buemi performing poorly in both races to win his first Drivers' Championship.[123] He was named CEO of Roborace on 13 September having served as an adviser since 2016.[124] Di Grassi was one of six drivers shortlisted for the 2017 Autosport International Racing Driver Award.[125] On 6 December, di Grassi was voted the Brazilian Driver of the Year by readers of Grande Prêmio.[126]

2017–18[edit]

Di Grassi continued with Audi Sport ABT for the 2017–18 Formula E season. He had a poor start to his campaign, scoring no points in the first four races due to multiple problems relating to his car's powertrain, but took his first top-ten finish of the season at the Mexico City round, coming ninth.[127] Thereafter, he took seven consecutive podium finishes which included successive victories in the Zürich ePrix and the first New York City race. Di Grassi finished second in the Drivers' Championship with 144 points and his and teammate Abt's form throughout the season helped Audi win their first Teams' Championship from Techeetah.[128] After the season, he said to Autosport that he believed his standard of driving had improved from the previous season and called his comeback " a miracle", "The difficult part was not to get that mental spiral that you doubt yourself or anything during these first four or five races. I think I drove better this year than I drove last year because I didn't do any mistakes".[129]

Driver profile and views[edit]

Di Grassi is regarded by some as one of the world's most "technically gifted" racing drivers due to his development of the Dallara GP2/08 and Spark-Renault SRT 01E chassis.[130] He is known as a controlled individual who has a shrewd understanding on dealing with the press.[101] William Briety of The Checkered Flag wrote that di Grassi is "unquestionably a new breed of racing driver" as he is supposedly more at ease over the future of motor racing than his contemporaries,[130] and believes that automated racing has the potential to relieve Formula One from any obligation it has to have any sort of relevance to the road cars of today and thus make the driver the focus of attention.[131] Additionally, he has spoken out on social media against introducing the "halo" cockpit protection device in Formula One and track limits. He is in favour of altering track layouts after noticing how this has led to a lack of overtaking opportunities in some categories of motor racing.[132] Discussing these issues have led to several racing pundits to suggest that di Grassi should consider becoming more actively involved in the future of motor racing's and has spoken of his desire to run for the presidency of the FIA in the future.[132]

Racing record[edit]

Career summary[edit]

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2002 Formula Renault 2.0 Brazil G Force Motorsport 10 2 1 0 6 137 2nd
2003 Formula 3 Sudamericana Avallone Motorsport 12 1 3 0 11 164 2nd
Formula 3 Euro Series Prema Powerteam 4 0 0 0 0 5 21st
2004 British Formula 3 Championship Hitech Racing 24 2 3 0 6 130 8th
Bahrain Super Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 19th
Macau Grand Prix 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 3rd
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 5th
FIA European Formula Three Cup 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 6th
2005 Formula 3 Euro Series Manor Motorsport 19 1 2 1 6 68 3rd
Macau Grand Prix 1 1 0 0 1 N/A 1st
Masters of Formula 3 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 3rd
Formula One Mild Seven Renault F1 Team Test driver
2006 GP2 Series Durango 20 0 0 0 0 8 17th
2007 GP2 Series ART Grand Prix 21 1 0 0 7 77 2nd
Formula One ING Renault F1 Team Test driver
2008 GP2 Series Barwa International Campos Team 14 3 0 2 6 63 3rd
Formula One ING Renault F1 Team Test driver
Honda Racing F1 Team
2009 GP2 Series Racing Engineering 20 1 1 2 8 63 3rd
Formula One ING Renault F1 Team Test driver
2010 Formula One Virgin Racing 19 0 0 0 0 0 24th
2011 Formula One Pirelli Test driver
2012 FIA World Endurance Championship Audi Sport Team Joest 1 0 0 1 1 15 22nd
City of Dreams Macau GT Cup AF Corse 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 17th
24 Hours of Nürburgring Dörr Motorsport 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
International V8 Supercars Championship Tekno Autosports 2 0 0 0 0 0 NC†
2013 FIA World Endurance Championship Audi Sport Team Joest 2 0 0 0 2 45 9th
24 Hours of Le Mans 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 3rd
American Le Mans Series 1 0 0 0 1 0 NC†
2014 FIA World Endurance Championship Audi Sport Team Joest 8 0 0 0 4 117 4th
24 Hours of Le Mans 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 2nd
Stock Car Brasil Ipiranga-RCM 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC†
2014–15 Formula E Audi Sport ABT 11 1 0 1 6 133 3rd
2015 FIA World Endurance Championship Audi Sport Team Joest 8 0 0 0 1 99 4th
24 Hours of Le Mans 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 4th
Stock Car Brasil Ipiranga-RCM 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC†
2015–16 Formula E ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 10 3 0 0 7 153 2nd
2016 FIA World Endurance Championship Audi Sport Team Joest 9 2 3 0 6 147.5 2nd
24 Hours of Le Mans 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 3rd
Audi Sport TT Cup N/A 2 1 0 2 2 0 NC†
Stock Car Brasil Ipiranga-RCM 1 0 0 1 0 0 NC†
2016–17 Formula E ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 12 2 3 0 7 181 1st
2017 FIA GT World Cup HCB-Rutronik-Racing 1 0 0 0 0 N/A DNF
2017–18 Formula E Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 12 2 0 3 7 144 2nd
2018 Stock Car Brasil HERO Motorsport 11 3 0 1 3 98 10th*
Source:[133]

* Season still in progress.
As di Grassi was a guest driver, he was ineligible for championship points.

Complete Formula 3 Euro Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 DC Points
2003 Prema Powerteam Dallara F303/022 Spiess-Opel HOC
1
HOC
2
ADR
1

14
ADR
2

18
PAU
1

9
PAU
2

4
NOR
1
NOR
2
LMS
1
LMS
2
NÜR
1
NÜR
2
A1R
1
A1R
2
ZAN
1
ZAN
2
HOC
3
HOC
4
MAG
1
MAG
2
21st 5
2005 Manor Motorsport Dallara F305/025 Mercedes HOC
1

Ret
HOC
2

DNS
PAU
1

5
PAU
2

7
SPA
1

DSQ
SPA
2

3
MON
1

7
MON
2

5
OSC
1

1
OSC
2

2
NOR
1

5
NOR
2

6
NÜR
1

2
NÜR
2

Ret
ZAN
1

Ret
ZAN
2

Ret
LAU
1

8
LAU
2

3
HOC
3

2
HOC
4

Ret
3rd 68
Source:[133]

Complete GP2 Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 DC Points
2006 Durango VAL
FEA

17
VAL
SPR

16
IMO
FEA

Ret
IMO
SPR

Ret
NÜR
FEA

18
NÜR
SPR

13
CAT
FEA

12
CAT
SPR

9
MON
FEA

11
SIL
FEA

Ret
SIL
SPR

EX
MAG
FEA

7
MAG
SPR

6
HOC
FEA

Ret
HOC
SPR

Ret
HUN
FEA

13
HUN
SPR

Ret
IST
FEA

5
IST
SPR

9
MNZ
FEA

10
MNZ
SPR

14
17th 8
2007 ART Grand Prix BHR
FEA

5
BHR
SPR

Ret
CAT
FEA

3
CAT
SPR

3
MON
FEA

5
MAG
FEA

2
MAG
SPR

4
SIL
FEA

4
SIL
SPR

4
NÜR
FEA

2
NÜR
SPR

6
HUN
FEA

4
HUN
SPR

4
IST
FEA

1
IST
SPR

11
MNZ
FEA

13
MNZ
SPR

4
SPA
FEA

3
SPA
SPR

3
VAL
FEA

Ret
VAL
SPR

13
2nd 77
2008 Barwa International Campos Team CAT
FEA
CAT
SPR
IST
FEA
IST
SPR
MON
FEA
MON
SPR
MAG
FEA

2
MAG
SPR

4
SIL
FEA

2
SIL
SPR

2
HOC
FEA

5
HOC
SPR

Ret
HUN
FEA

1
HUN
SPR

10
VAL
FEA

4
VAL
SPR

1
SPA
FEA

20
SPA
SPR

5
MNZ
FEA

1
MNZ
SPR

11
3rd 63
2009 Racing Engineering CAT
FEA

Ret
CAT
SPR

10
MON
FEA

4
MON
SPR

4
IST
FEA

8
IST
SPR

1
SIL
FEA

2
SIL
SPR

19
NÜR
FEA

7
NÜR
SPR

Ret
HUN
FEA

2
HUN
SPR

3
VAL
FEA

19
VAL
SPR

Ret
SPA
FEA

3
SPA
SPR

Ret
MNZ
FEA

3
MNZ
SPR

2
ALG
FEA

3
ALG
SPR

15
3rd 63
Source:[133]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 WDC Points
2010 Virgin Racing Virgin VR-01 Cosworth CA2010 2.4 V8 BHR
Ret
AUS
Ret
MAL
14
CHN
Ret
ESP
19
MON
Ret
TUR
19
CAN
19
EUR
17
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
HUN
18
BEL
17
ITA
20†
SIN
15
JPN
DNS
KOR
Ret
BRA
NC
ABU
18
24th 0
Source:[134]

Driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified as they had completed over 90% of the race distance.

Touring car racing[edit]

V8 Supercar results
Year Team Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Final Pos Points
2012 Tekno Autosports Holden VE Commodore ADE
R1
ADE
R2
SYM
R3
SYM
R4
HAM
R5
HAM
R6
BAR
R7
BAR
R8
BAR
R9
PHI
R10
PHI
R11
HID
R12
HID
R13
TOW
R14
TOW
R15
QLD
R16
QLD
R17
SMP
R18
SMP
R19
SAN
Q
SAN
R20
BAT
R21
SUR
R22

11
SUR
R23

DNS
YMC
R24
YMC
R25
YMC
R26
WIN
R27
WIN
R28
SYD
R29
SYD
R30
NC 0 †
Source:[135]

† Not Eligible for points

Stock Car Brasil results
Year Team Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Rank Points
2014 Ipiranga-RCM Chevrolet Sonic INT
1

Ret
SCZ
1
SCZ
2
BRA
1
BRA
2
GOI
1
GOI
2
GOI
1
CAS
1
CAS
2
CUR
1
CUR
2
VEL
1
VEL
2
SCZ
1
SCZ
2
TAR
1
TAR
2
SAL
1
SAL
2
CUR
1
NC† 0†
2015 Ipiranga-RCM Chevrolet Sonic GOI
1

5
RBP
1
RBP
2
VEL
1
VEL
2
CUR
1
CUR
2
SCZ
1
SCZ
2
CUR
1
CUR
2
GOI
1
CAS
1
CAS
2
BRA
1
BRA
2
CUR
1
CUR
2
TAR
1
TAR
2
INT
1
NC† 0†
2016 Ipiranga-RCM Chevrolet Sonic CUR
1

14
VEL
1
VEL
2
GOI
1
GOI
2
SCZ
1
SCZ
2
TAR
1
TAR
2
CAS
1
CAS
2
INT
1
LON
1
LON
2
CUR
1
CUR
2
GOI
1
GOI
2
CDC
1
CDC
2
INT
1
NC† 0†
2018 HERO Motorsport Chevrolet Cruze INT
1

Ret
CUR
1

6
CUR
2

1
VEL
1

Ret
VEL
2

DNS
LON
1

7
LON
2

1
SCZ
1
SCZ
2
GOI
1

21
MOU
1

Ret
MOU
2

Ret
CAS
1

1
CAS
2

Ret
VCA
1

VCA
2

TAR
1

TAR
2

GOI
1

GOI
2

INT
1

10th* 98*
Source:[133]

Ineligible for championship points. * Season still in progress.

Complete FIA World Endurance Championship results[edit]

Year Entrant Class Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Rank Points
2012 Audi Sport Team Joest LMP1 Audi R18 e-tron quattro Audi TDI 3.7L Turbo V6
(Hybrid Diesel)
SEB SPA LMS SIL SÃO
3
BHR FUJ SHA 22nd 15
2013 Audi Sport Team Joest LMP1 Audi R18 e-tron quattro Audi TDI 3.7L Turbo V6
(Hybrid Diesel)
SIL SPA
3
LMS
3
SÃO COA FUJ SHA BHR 9th 45
2014 Audi Sport Team Joest LMP1 Audi R18 e-tron quattro Audi TDI 4.0 L Turbo V6
(Hybrid Diesel)
SIL
Ret
SPA
2
LMS
2
COA
2
FUJ
5
SHA
5
BHR
5
SÃO
3
4th 117
2015 Audi Sport Team Joest LMP1 Audi R18 e-tron quattro Audi TDI 4.0 L Turbo V6
(Hybrid Diesel)
SIL
5
SPA
7
LMS
4
NÜR
4
COA
3
FUJ
4
SHA
4
BHR
6
4th 99
2016 Audi Sport Team Joest LMP1 Audi R18 Audi TDI 4.0 L Turbo Diesel V6
(Hybrid)
SIL
Ret
SPA
1
LMS
3
NÜR
2
MEX
15
COA
2
FUJ
2
SHA
5
BHR
1
2nd 147.5
Source:[66]

24 Hours of Le Mans results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
2013 Germany Audi Sport Team Joest Spain Marc Gené
United Kingdom Oliver Jarvis
Audi R18 e-tron quattro LMP1 347 3rd 3rd
2014 Germany Audi Sport Team Joest Denmark Tom Kristensen
Spain Marc Gené
Audi R18 e-tron quattro LMP1-H 376 2nd 2nd
2015 Germany Audi Sport Team Joest France Loïc Duval
United Kingdom Oliver Jarvis
Audi R18 e-tron quattro LMP1 392 4th 4th
2016 Germany Audi Sport Team Joest France Loïc Duval
United Kingdom Oliver Jarvis
Audi R18 LMP1 372 3rd 3rd
Source:[66]

Complete Formula E results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Pos Points
2014–15 Audi Sport ABT Spark-Renault SRT 01E BEI
1
PUT
2
PDE
3
BNA
Ret
MIA
9
LBH
3
MON
2
BER
DSQ
MOS
2
LON
4
LON
6
3rd 133
2015–16 ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport Spark-ABT Schaeffler FE01 BEI
2
PUT
1
PDE
2
BNA
3
MEX
DSQ
LBH
1
PAR
1
BER
3
LON
4
LON
Ret
2nd 153
2016–17 ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport Spark-ABT Schaeffler FE02 HKG
2
MAR
5
BNA
3
MEX
1
MON
2
PAR
Ret
BER
2
BER
3
NYC
4
NYC
5
MTR
1
MTR
7
1st 181
2017–18 Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Spark-Audi e-tron FE04 HKG
17
HKG
14
MAR
Ret
SAN
Ret
MEX
9
PDE
2
ROM
2
PAR
2
BER
2
ZUR
1
NYC
1
NYC
2
2nd 144
Source:[133]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lucas di Grassi". lucasdigrassi.com.br. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  2. ^ Ciccarone, Paolo (1 November 2009). "Altro "pugliese" nella Formula 1 Di Grassi, brasiliano di Polignano". La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno (in Italian). Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "Getting to know....Defending Drivers' Champion, Lucas di Grassi". Hong Kong Formula E. 28 September 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Confira detalhes do casamento de Bianca Diniz Caloi e Lucas di Grassi". Glamurama (in Portuguese). 1 December 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "Lucas di Grassi: South America's great hope". Audi Media Center. 23 March 2015. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  6. ^ @LucasdiGrassi (3 July 2018). "Leonardo Di Grassi was born today super healthy. Mom and dad are well and proud. 👶🏻🇧🇷" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018 – via Twitter. 
  7. ^ Salvador, Alexandre (7 May 2018). "Lucas di Grassi: 'O automobilismo vai se tornar uma modalidade de nicho'". Veja (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Boxall-Legge, Jake (4 October 2016). "Profile: Lucas di Grassi". Grand Prix Rejects. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Lucas di Grassi". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Hamilton Wins Hockenheim One". Autosport. 16 April 2005. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Zandvoort Masters Mercedes-Benz race notes". motorsport.com. 13 June 2005. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  12. ^ Gonzalez Martino, Pablo (21 November 2005). "Di Grassi se lleva la victoria de F3 en Macau". motor21.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  13. ^ Biesbrouck, Tim (20 February 2006). "GP2 line-up 2006 is compleet". RaceExpress (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  14. ^ Guérin, Marius (7 December 2006). "GP2 : Ammermüller et Di Grassi pilotes ART Grand Prix en 2007". cardadisac.com (in French). Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Collantine, Keith (13 August 2007). "One to watch: Lucas di Grassi". F1Fanatic. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "GP2 Turkey Feature: di Grassi takes title lead". MaximumMotorsport.co.uk. 2007. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2007. 
  17. ^ "Glock dreht Spieß in Istanbul noch um". Focus (in German). 26 August 2007. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  18. ^ Freeman, Glenn (26 September 2007). "Di Grassi relaxed ahead of showdown". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  19. ^ "Petrov leads Campos 1-2 in Valencia". GPUpdate. 29 September 2007. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  20. ^ Barstow, Ollie (30 September 2007). "Valencia 2007: Glock takes title in style". crash.net. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  21. ^ "Lucas di Grassi volta à Fórmula GP2". Globo.com (in Portuguese). 10 June 2008. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  22. ^ a b Baldwin, Alan (7 November 2008). Rutherford, Peter, ed. "Honda to test Brazilian Di Grassi". Reuters. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  23. ^ a b Arron, Simon (5 November 2008). "Fernando Alonso and Nelson Piquet to stay with Renault in 2009". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  24. ^ Bates, Dave (25 November 2008). "Who Will Land The 2009 Honda Seats?". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  25. ^ "Lucas di Grassi - Profile". ESPN. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  26. ^ Panzariu, Ovidiu (27 February 2009). "Lucas di Grassi Makes Racing Engineering Switch for 2009". Auto Evolution. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  27. ^ "Grosjean cleared to drive after food poisoning". motorsport.com. 7 October 2009. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  28. ^ a b "Lucas di Grassi joins new-look Virgin Formula 1 team". BBC Sport. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  29. ^ Cary, Tom (9 March 2010). "Virgin Racing F1: 2010 driver, team and car guide, analysis and statistics". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 April 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  30. ^ Henry, Alan; Bagchi, Rob (8 March 2010). "F1 2010: Virgin team guide". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  31. ^ "Tough first outing for Virgin". ESPN. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  32. ^ "Australian GP - Sunday - Team Quotes". GrandPrix.com. 28 March 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  33. ^ "Malaysia race analysis - Red Bull back in the hunt". Formula1.com. 5 April 2010. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Bruce (ed.) (2010). The Official Formula 1 Season Review 2010. Sparkford/Teddington: Haynes/Haymarket. ISBN 978-0-85733-001-7. 
  35. ^ "Branson insists Virgin is in F1 for the long haul". crash.net. 17 May 2010. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  36. ^ "Germany Sunday quotes: Virgin". Autosport. 25 July 2010. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  37. ^ "Lucas Di Grassi crashes on way to grid in Japan". BBC Sport. 10 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  38. ^ Arron, Simon (2010). "Grands Prix 2010: Korean Grand Prix". Autocourse 2010–2011. Malvern: Icon Publishing. pp. 264, 268–269. ISBN 978-1-905334-57-5. 
  39. ^ "Abu Dhabi Sunday quotes: Virgin". Autosport. 14 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  40. ^ "Di Grassi supera Massa e Barrichello em prova de kart". Folha de Londrina (in Portuguese). 20 December 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  41. ^ "D'Ambrosio gets Virgin seat". Sky Sports. 21 December 2010. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  42. ^ Krieger, Rafael (3 March 2011). "Sem vaga, Di Grassi ataca como piloto de testes do projetista da F-1". Universo Online (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 7 March 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  43. ^ "Di Grassi confirmed as Pirelli test driver". Formula1.com. 6 July 2011. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  44. ^ Watkins, Gary (17 November 2011). "Le Mans: Ex-F1 driver Lucas di Grassi eyes Peugeot seat". Autoweek. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  45. ^ "Estrela de Le Mans, Peugeot anuncia saída do novo Mundial de Endurance". globo.com (in Portuguese). 18 January 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  46. ^ a b Cooper, Adam (29 March 2012). "Former Formula One driver Jaime Alguersuari joins Di Grassi for Pirelli testing job". Autoweek. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  47. ^ Grüner, Tobias (19 May 2012). "McLaren mit frühem Totalausfall". Auto motor und sport (in German). Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  48. ^ "WEC - Six Heures de Sao Paulo: di Grassi en renfort chez Audi". Le Point (in French). Agence France-Presse. 27 August 2012. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  49. ^ Richards, Giles (16 September 2012). "Toyota blow away Audi in stunning endurance victory in Brazil". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 July 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  50. ^ "Patrizi and DiGrassi Ruled Out of Race 23". V8 Supercars. 21 October 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  51. ^ Rabe, Jet (27 November 2012). "Mortara takes fourth straight Macau GP victory conquering 2012 GT Cup". AutoIndustriya.com. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  52. ^ Watkins, Gary (19 December 2012). "Former F1 driver di Grassi to drive for Audi". Autoweek. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  53. ^ a b Watkins, Gary (21 January 2013). "Audi commits to Sebring 12 Hours with two e-trons". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  54. ^ "Another historic success for Audi". Audi Media Center. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  55. ^ Wittemeier, Roman (25 April 2013). "Spa: Audi präsentiert R18 mit Langheck". motorsport-total.com (in German). Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  56. ^ "6h de Spa: Les trois Audi R18 sur le podium". RTBF (in French). 4 May 2013. Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  57. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours: Wrapping That One Up, LMP1". DailySportsCar. 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  58. ^ "WEC Classification – 2013 World Endurance Drivers Prototype Championship". FIA World Endurance Championship. Archived from the original on 2 August 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  59. ^ "Checked with... Lucas di Grassi". Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. 5 September 2013. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  60. ^ "Lucas di Grassi correrá da Stock como dupla de Thiago Camilo". Notícias do Dia (in Portuguese). 25 February 2014. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  61. ^ "Cebolinha adia início do campeonato de Thiago Camilo" (in Portuguese). Ipiranga Racing. 23 March 2014. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  62. ^ "Lucas Di Grassi Replaces Allan McNish At Audi For Le Mans And WEC Campaign". HuffPost. 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  63. ^ Jasurek, Chris (20 April 2014). "Toyota 1–2 at WEC Six Hours of Silverstone". Epoch Times. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  64. ^ Dagys, John (3 May 2014). "Toyota Wins FIA WEC Six Hours of Spa". SportsCar365. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  65. ^ Prince, Max (15 June 2014). "Audi clinches 13th overall win at 24 Hours of Le Mans". Road & Track. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  66. ^ a b c d e "All Results of Lucas di Grassi". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  67. ^ D. Berto, Victor (22 March 2015). "Duplas da Ipiranga RCM superam problemas e pontuam na raça". F1Mania (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  68. ^ Júnior, Nildo (17 December 2014). "Lucas di Grassi confirmado como titular da Audi para seu segundo ano no WEC". Correio do Povo (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  69. ^ Kilbey, Stephen (14 June 2015). "Le Mans 24 Hours: Wrapping Up LMP, Porsche Ends Audi's Dominant Run". DailySportsCar. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  70. ^ Dagys, John (30 August 2015). "Porsche Sweeps 6H Nürburgring". SportsCar365. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  71. ^ Richards, Giles (20 September 2015). "Mark Webber takes win at COTA as Porsche bid for WEC title". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  72. ^ D. Berto, Victor (6 March 2016). "Thiago Camilo/Lucas di Grassi fica sem pontos na última volta". F1Mania (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  73. ^ de Menzes, Jack (18 April 2016). "WEC Silverstone 6 Hours: Audi appeal disqualification as Porsche celebrate unexpected provisional victory". The Independent. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  74. ^ Smith, Luke (8 May 2016). "di Grassi's stunning '16 form continues with Spa WEC victory". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  75. ^ Freeman, Glenn (20 June 2016). "Audi's 2016 Le Mans 24 Hours performance "horrible" - di Grassi". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  76. ^ Mitchell, Scott; Cozens, Jack (22 June 2016). "Audi driver Lucas di Grassi to race in Audi TT Cup at Norisring". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  77. ^ "Audi Sport TT Cup: Lucas di Grassi siegt auf dem Norisring". n-tv (in German). 26 June 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  78. ^ Klein, Jamie (24 July 2016). "Nurburgring WEC: Porsche beats Audi as #1 crew takes victory". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  79. ^ Bonardel, Cécile; Ehrhardt, Nikki (4 September 2016). "WEC - Porsche wins ahead of Audi and Toyota at the 6 Hours of Mexico". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  80. ^ Bradley, Charles (18 September 2016). "Austin WEC: Porsche scoops victory from Audi at COTA". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  81. ^ Chaves, Christopher (19 October 2016). "WEC: Toyota wins home race at Fuji". TopGear. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  82. ^ "WEC - Porsche Secure FIA World Endurance Championship Manufacturers Championship Title in Shanghai Thriller". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 6 November 2016. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  83. ^ Kilbey, Stephen (19 November 2016). "Audi Wins Its Final Race As Champions Crowned In 6H Bahrain". DailySportsCar. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  84. ^ Smith, Sam; Mitchell, Scott (11 April 2017). "Audi's Lucas di Grassi had Toyota LMP1 offer for 2017 Le Mans". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  85. ^ "Le Mans - Lucas di Grassi forfait". Auto Hebdo (in French). 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  86. ^ Aller, Tamara (14 October 2017). "Audi organise the 'Race of Legends' to bid farewell to the TT Cup". TouringCarTimes. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  87. ^ "Frank Stippler gewinnt Audi TT cup Race of Legends". Hit-TV (in German). 16 October 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  88. ^ Dagys, John (20 October 2017). "Di Grassi to Make Audi GT3 Debut in Macau". SportsCar365. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  89. ^ Noble, Jonathan (18 November 2017). "Di Grassi: Macau GT pile-up crash the craziest I can recall". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  90. ^ Cozens, Jack (19 November 2017). "Macau FIA GT World Cup: Mortara beats charging Frijns and Engel to win". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  91. ^ a b Munro, Jim (29 November 2017). "Formula E's Lucas di Grassi takes a giant leap for motorsport". The Times. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  92. ^ Elis, Niv (11 October 2016). "Formula E taps into 'green halo effect' to draw support". Asia Times. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  93. ^ Lostia, Michele; Tremayne, Sam (5 September 2012). "Lucas di Grassi appointed Formula E development driver". Autosport. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  94. ^ Llewellyn, Craig (5 September 2012). "Pirelli test driver backs Formula E". crash.net. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  95. ^ Biesbrouck, Tim (19 December 2013). "'Lucas di Grassi terminates Formula E test job to become a driver'". Electric Autosport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  96. ^ "ABT Sportsline unveils Formula E driver line-up with Lucas di Grassi & Daniel Abt". FIA Formula E. 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  97. ^ "Formula E opens with spectacular crash involving Nick Heidfeld and Nicolas Prost as Lucas di Grassi claims win". The Sunday Telegraph. Agence France-Presse. 13 September 2014. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  98. ^ Huat, Lim Teik (22 November 2014). "Bird swoops to Formula E victory in Putrajaya". The Star. Archived from the original on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  99. ^ "Buemi wins in Uruguay, Di Grassi on podium again". ITV Sport. 13 December 2014. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  100. ^ a b "Di Grassi stops the rot". FIA Formula E. 7 April 2015. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  101. ^ a b Shields, Nicki (21 May 2015). "No More Mr Nice Guys". Current E. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  102. ^ Reiman, Samuel (23 May 2015). "Formula E: D'Ambrosio awarded Berlin ePrix win as Di Grassi disqualified". Fox Sports. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  103. ^ "Moscow smiles on Piquet Jr". FIA Formula E. 7 June 2015. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  104. ^ Joseph, Noah (28 June 2015). "Formula E spools down in London double-header [spoilers]". Autoblog. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  105. ^ Mitchell, Scott (7 November 2015). "Lucas di Grassi wins wild race for Abt Audi". Autosport. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  106. ^ "Buemi back on top". FIA Formula E. 19 December 2015. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  107. ^ Klein, Jamie (6 February 2016). "Buenos Aires ePrix: Bird holds off charging Buemi to take win". motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  108. ^ de Mezes, Jack (12 March 2016). "Formula E Mexico City ePrix: Lucas Di Grassi disqualified handing Jerome D'Ambrosio victory". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  109. ^ "Di Grassi retakes championship lead with stunning drive". ITV Sport. 4 April 2016. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  110. ^ Holt, Sarah (23 April 2016). "Formula E falls in love with Paris as Lucas di Grassi wins landmark race". CNN International. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  111. ^ Smith, Topher (22 May 2016). "di Grassi didn't want team orders". e-racing.net. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  112. ^ Smith, Luke (2 July 2016). "Prost takes London first win". Current E. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  113. ^ Mitchell, Scott (2 July 2016). "Buemi: Di Grassi was 'willing to crash' in London Formula E battle". Autosport. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  114. ^ "Five tenths decide Formula E title". motorsport.com. 3 July 2016. Archived from the original on 10 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  115. ^ "Buemi wins title after spectacular finale". FIA Formula E. 3 July 2016. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  116. ^ Murphy, Matt (14 September 2016). "Formula E's Lucas di Grassi drives on polar ice cap in world first". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  117. ^ Moser, Stefan (19 February 2017). "Podium for Audi driver di Grassi in Buenos Aires". Audi Media Center. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  118. ^ Prior, Laura (2 April 2017). "Mexico City ePrix: Di Grassi Wins in Mexican Masterclass". EV Performance. Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  119. ^ Mitchell, Scott (13 May 2017). "Monaco Formula E: Buemi holds off final-lap di Grassi charge to win". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  120. ^ Grzelak, Antonia (20 May 2017). "Buemi expnads championship lead in Paris style". e-racing.net. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  121. ^ "Di Grassi: "Berlin was a great event"". FIA Formula E. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  122. ^ "Di Grassi: "The championship in my hands"". Current E. 22 July 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  123. ^ "Lucas di Grassi wins Formula E title in Montreal". Autoweek. 30 July 2017. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  124. ^ "When drivers become CEOs: Formula E champion Lucas di Grassi takes helm of 'Roborace' series". James Allen on F1. 13 September 2017. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  125. ^ Cozens, Jack (3 December 2017). "Autosport Awards 2017 - Lewis Hamilton claims two awards". Autosport. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  126. ^ Curty, Gabriel (6 December 2017). "Melhores do ano 2017: Título na FE impulsiona e Di Grassi leva na disputa entre pilotos brasileiros". Grande Premio (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  127. ^ Dagys, John (3 March 2018). "Di Grassi Scores First Points of Season in "Craziest" Race". eRacing365. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  128. ^ Garg, Arjit (20 July 2018). "Analysis - Here's how Audi Clinched 2018 ABB FIA Formula E Championship Title". CNN-News18. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  129. ^ Kalinauckas, Alex (17 July 2018). "Lucas di Grassi: Recovery to runner-up spot in standings 'a miracle'". Autosport. Retrieved 23 July 2018. 
  130. ^ a b Briety, William (28 November 2017). "Opinion: Why di Grassi's social media pile-up misread Macau". The Checkered Flag. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  131. ^ Rencken, Dieter (20 September 2017). "The paradox that could fix F1's biggest flaw". Autosport. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  132. ^ a b Sanders, Nate (23 January 2018). "Formula E champion Lucas di Grassi open to future FIA presidency bid". ESPN. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  133. ^ a b c d e "Lucas di Grassi". Driver Database. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  134. ^ "2010: di Grassi, Lucas". Formula1.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  135. ^ "Lucas di Grassi: 2012 V8 Supercars Results". Racing-Reference. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Alexandre Prémat
Macau Grand Prix
Winner

2005
Succeeded by
Mike Conway
Preceded by
Michael Schumacher
Desafio Internacional das Estrelas
Winner

2010
Succeeded by
Jaime Alguersuari
Preceded by
Sébastien Buemi
Formula E Champion
2016-17
Succeeded by
Jean-Éric Vergne