Lucasfilm

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Lucasfilm Ltd.
Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Industry Film
Founded 1971; 45 years ago (1971)
Founder George Lucas
Headquarters Letterman Digital Arts Center (Presidio of San Francisco), California, U.S.
Key people
Howard Roffman
(EVP, Franchise Management)
Products Motion pictures and television
Owner The Walt Disney Studios
Number of employees
2,000 (2015)[2]
Parent The Walt Disney Company
Website Official website

Lucasfilm Ltd. LLC[3] is an American film and television production company based in the Letterman Digital Arts Center in San Francisco, California. A division of Walt Disney Studios, the studio is best known for creating and producing the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises, as well as its leadership in developing special effects, sound and computer animation for film. Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971 in San Rafael, California; most of the company's operations were moved to San Francisco in 2005.[4] The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm in 2012 at a valuation of $4.06 billion.[5]

History[edit]

Independent era[edit]

Lucasfilm headquarters at the Letterman Digital Arts Center

Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971.[6]

On July 8, 2005, Lucasfilm's marketing, online, and licensing units moved into the new Letterman Digital Arts Center located in the Presidio in San Francisco. It shares the complex with Industrial Light & Magic. Lucasfilm had planned an expansion at Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, California, but shelved the plan in 2012 due to opposition from neighbors. However, it still plans to expand elsewhere.[7] Skywalker Sound remains the only Lucasfilm division based at Skywalker Ranch.[8]

In January 2012, Lucas announced his retirement from producing large-scale blockbuster films and instead re-focusing his career on smaller, independently budgeted features.[9][10]

In June 2012, it was announced that producer Kathleen Kennedy, a long-term collaborator with Steven Spielberg and a producer of the Indiana Jones films, had been appointed as co-chair of Lucasfilm Ltd. It was reported that Kennedy would work alongside Lucas, who would remain chief executive and serve as co-chairman for at least one year, after which she would succeed him as the company's sole leader.[11]

On September 5, 2012, Micheline Chau, who served as president and COO of Lucasfilm for two decades, announced that she was retiring. With her departure, senior executives for each of the Lucasfilm divisions will report directly to Kathleen Kennedy. Chau was credited with keeping the Lucasfilm and Star Wars brands strong, especially through animation spin-offs and licensing initiatives.[12]

Disney subsidiary (2012-present)[edit]

Discussions relating to the possibility of The Walt Disney Company signing a distribution deal with Lucasfilm officially began in May 2011, after a meeting that George Lucas had with Disney CEO Bob Iger during the inauguration of the Star Tours–The Adventures Continue attraction.[13] Lucas told Iger he was considering retirement and planned to sell the company, as well as the Star Wars franchise.[14] On October 30, 2012, Disney announced a deal to acquire Lucasfilm for $4.05 billion,[15] with approximately half in cash and half in shares of Disney stock.[16] Lucasfilm had previously collaborated with the company's Walt Disney Imagineering division to create theme park attractions centered on Star Wars and Indiana Jones for various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide.[17]

Kathleen Kennedy, co-chairman of Lucasfilm, became president of Lucasfilm, reporting to Walt Disney Studios Chairman Alan Horn. Additionally she serves as the brand manager for Star Wars, working directly with Disney's global lines of business to build, further integrate, and maximize the value of this global franchise. Kennedy serves as producer on new Star Wars feature films, with George Lucas originally announced as serving as creative consultant.[18] The company also announced the future release of new Star Wars films, starting with Star Wars: The Force Awakens in 2015.[17]

Under the deal, Disney acquired ownership of Star Wars, Indiana Jones, and Lucasfilm's operating businesses in live-action film production, consumer products, video games, animation, visual effects, and audio post-production.[19] Disney also acquired Lucasfilm's portfolio of entertainment technologies. The intent was for Lucasfilm employees to remain in their current locations.[20] Star Wars merchandising would begin under Disney in the fiscal year 2014.[21] Starting with Star Wars Rebels, certain products will be co-branded with the Disney name,[22][23] akin to what Disney has done with Pixar.[24] On December 4, 2012, the Disney-Lucasfilm merger was approved by the Federal Trade Commission, allowing the acquisition to be finalized without dealing with antitrust problems.[25] On December 21, 2012, the deal was completed, and Lucasfilm became a wholly owned subsidiary of Disney.[5]

Disney's CEO Bob Iger confirmed that Lucasfilm had plans to have stand-alone Star Wars films with Lawrence Kasdan and Simon Kinberg lined up to develop the movies that would be released sometime during the six-year period the sequel trilogy will be released.[26]

In April 2013, the development arm of the LucasArts division was closed down and most of its staff was laid off.[27][28] However, LucasArts remained open with a skeleton staff of fewer than ten employees so it could retain its function as a video game licensor.[29] On May 6, 2013, Disney announced an exclusive deal with Electronic Arts to produce Star Wars games for the core gaming market. LucasArts retained the ability to license, and Disney Interactive Studios retained the ability to develop, Star Wars games for the casual gaming market.[30][31]

20th Century Fox, the original distributor of the first six Star Wars films, still retains the physical distribution rights to the original two Star Wars trilogies, currently owning permanent full distribution rights for the original 1977 film, while also holding the theatrical and home video distribution rights to Episodes I–III, V, and VI until May 2020.[32] Lucasfilm retains the television and digital distribution rights to all the Star Wars films except the original.[33] In December 2013, Walt Disney Studios purchased the distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films from Paramount Pictures, although the latter studio will continue to distribute the first four films and will receive "financial participation" from any additional films.[34][35]

On January 3, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that Dark Horse Comics' license for Star Wars comics would end in 2015, and return to fellow Disney subsidiary Marvel Comics.[36] On April 24, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that the Star Wars expanded universe would no longer be explicitly sub canon (but may be drawn upon for future works) and that The Clone Wars and Rebels animated series would be considered canon and future Star Wars projects would be overseen by a new story group to keep to that canon. Additionally, the Star Wars Legends banner would be used for those Expanded Universe materials that are in print.[37] Disney Publishing Worldwide also announced that Del Rey would publish a new line of canon Star Wars books under the Lucasfilm Story Group being released starting in September on a bi-monthly schedule.[38]

Company structure[edit]

Former divisions[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Director(s) Story by Screenwriter(s) Distributor(s) Budget Gross
1973 American Graffiti George Lucas George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck Universal Pictures $777,000 $140 million
1977 Star Wars George Lucas 20th Century Fox $11 million $775.4 million
1979 More American Graffiti Bill L. Norton Universal Studios $3 million $15 million
1980 The Empire Strikes Back Irvin Kershner George Lucas George Lucas, Leigh Brackett and Lawrence Kasdan 20th Century Fox1 $33 million $538.4 million
1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark Steven Spielberg George Lucas and Philip Kaufman Lawrence Kasdan Paramount Pictures $18 million $389.9 million
1983 Return of the Jedi Richard Marquand George Lucas George Lucas and Lawrence Kasdan 20th Century Fox1 $42.7 million $572.1 million
Twice Upon a Time John Korty and Charles Swenson John Korty, Bill Couturié and Suella Kennedy John Korty, Charles Swenson, Suella Kennedy and Bill Couturié Warner Bros. Unknown
1984 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Steven Spielberg George Lucas Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz Paramount Pictures $28.2 million $333.1 million
1985 Latino Haskell Wexler Cinecom Pictures Unknown
Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters Paul Schrader Leonard Schrader, Paul Schrader and Chieko Schrader Warner Bros. $5 million $20,758
1986 Labyrinth Jim Henson Dennis Lee and Jim Henson Terry Jones TriStar Pictures $27.68 million $11.6 million
Howard the Duck Willard Huyck Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz Universal Pictures $37 million $48 million
1988 Willow Ron Howard George Lucas Bob Dolman Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer $35 million $57.3 million
Tucker: The Man and His Dream Francis Ford Coppola Arnold Schulman and David Seidler Paramount Pictures $24 million $19.7 million
The Land Before Time Don Bluth Judy Freudberg and Tony Geiss Stu Krieger Universal Pictures $12.5 million $84.4 million
1989 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Steven Spielberg George Lucas and Menno Meyjes Jeffrey Boam Paramount Pictures $48 million $474.2 million
1994 Radioland Murders Mel Smith George Lucas Willard Huyck, Gloria Katz, Jeff Reno and Ron Osborn Universal Pictures $15 million $1.3 million
1999 Star Wars: Episode I –
The Phantom Menace
George Lucas 20th Century Fox1 $115 million $1.027 billion
2002 Star Wars: Episode II –
Attack of the Clones
George Lucas George Lucas and Jonathan Hales $115 million $649.4 million
2005 Star Wars: Episode III –
Revenge of the Sith
George Lucas $113 million $848.8 million
2008 Indiana Jones
and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Steven Spielberg George Lucas and Jeff Nathanson David Koepp Paramount Pictures $185 million $786.6 million
Star Wars: The Clone Wars Dave Filoni George Lucas Henry Gilroy, Steven Melching and Scott Murphy Warner Bros. $8.5 million $68.3 million
2012 Red Tails Anthony Hemingway George Lucas and John Ridley John Ridley and Aaron McGruder 20th Century Fox $58 million $50.4 million
2015 Strange Magic Gary Rydstrom George Lucas David Berenbaum, Irene Mecchi and Gary Rydstrom Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Unknown $13.6 million
Star Wars: The Force Awakens J. J. Abrams Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams and Michael Arndt $200 million $2.068 billion

Planned[edit]

Year Film Director(s) Story by Screenwriter(s) Distributor(s) Status
2016 Rogue One: A Star Wars Story Gareth Edwards John Knoll and Gary Whitta Chris Weitz and Tony Gilroy Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Post-Production
2017 Star Wars: Episode VIII Rian Johnson
2018 Untitled Han Solo Anthology film Phil Lord and Christopher Miller Lawrence Kasdan and Jon Kasdan[47] Development
2019 Star Wars: Episode IX Colin Trevorrow Rian Johnson Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly Development[48]
Untitled Indiana Jones film Steven Spielberg David Koepp[49] Development[50]
2020 Untitled Star Wars Anthology film Unknown Unknown Unknown Development

Television series[edit]

Live-Action

Animated

Television films and specials[edit]

Other productions[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Physical distribution rights will be transferred from 20th Century Fox to the Walt Disney Studios in May 2020.[32] The digital distribution rights are held by Disney, as Lucasfilm had retained the digital distribution rights to all Star Wars films produced after the original.[33][51]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen, David (June 5, 2014). "Industrial Light & Magic President Brennan Promoted to General Manager of Lucasfilm Exec". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ Lev-Ram, Michal (September 10, 2015). "How Star Wars producer Kathleen Kennedy went from secretary to boss". Fortune. Time. Retrieved December 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ The Walt Disney Company. "The Walt Disney Company Completes Lucasfilm Acquisition (press release)" (Press release). Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Industrial Light & Film". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Schou, Solvej (December 21, 2012). "Mickey meets 'Star Wars': Walt Disney Co. completes acquisition of Lucasfilm". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ Moss, Stuart (2009). The Entertainment Industry. Wallingford, UK: cab international. p. 89. ISBN 9781845935511. 
  7. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (May 21, 2012). "Lucas and Rich Neighbors Agree to Disagree: Part II". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  8. ^ Lev-Ram, Michal (November 1, 2015). "Behind the scenes at Lucasfilm's Skywalker Sound". Fortune. Retrieved November 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ Fischer, Russ (January 17, 2012). "George Lucas Ready to Retire From Blockbuster Filmmaking". /Film. Retrieved January 17, 2012. 
  10. ^ Yamato, Jen (January 17, 2012). "George Lucas Promises Retirement (From Blockbusters... Not Counting Indiana Jones 5)". Movie Line. Retrieved January 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ Richard Verrier and Ben Fritz, "Kathleen Kennedy to helm Lucasfilm as George Lucas phases out", Los Angeles Times, June 2, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  12. ^ Gregg Kilday, "Longtime Lucasfilm President and COO Micheline Chau Retiring", The Hollywood Reporter, September 5, 2012, Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  13. ^ Leonard, David (March 7, 2013). "How Disney Bought Lucasfilm—and Its Plans for 'Star Wars'". Bloomberg Businessweek. p. 3. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Never mind about Star Wars 7. Who is going to be Bob Iger's No. 2?". Jim Hill Media. October 30, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  15. ^ Burr, Ty (November 3, 2012). "What to expect when Disney buys 'Star Wars'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Disney to Acquire Lucasfilm for $4 Billion". ABC News. October 30, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Disney purchases Lucasfilm, announces new Star Wars". 3 News. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ "New Star Wars Movies announced as Disney enters agreement to acquire Lucasfilm Ltd.". starwars.com. Lucasfilm. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ Oldham, Stuart (October 30, 2012). "READ: Disney chief Bob Iger’s internal memo to staff: ‘Lucasfilm fits perfectly with Disney’s strategic priorities’". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  20. ^ Smith, Ethan (October 30, 2012). "Mickey, Darth Vader Join Forces in $4.05 Billion Deal". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Fiscal Year 2013 Annual Financial Report and Shareholder Letter" (PDF). The Walt Disney Company. February 3, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 7, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Walt Disney Confirms J.J. Abrams Will Direct New 'Star Wars'". The Wall Street Journal. January 26, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  23. ^ Sampson, Mike (October 15, 2015). "There Will Be No Disney Logo Before ‘Star Wars: The Force Awakens’". ScreenCrush. 
  24. ^ Acuna, Kirsten (November 9, 2012). "Here's What Disney CEO Bob Iger Says He Wants To Do With 'Star Wars'". Business Insider. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  25. ^ Patten, Dominic (December 4, 2012). "Disney-Lucasfilm Deal Cleared By Feds". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  26. ^ Zakarin, Jordan (February 5, 2013). "It's Official: 'Star Wars' Stand-Alone Films From Lawrence Kasdan, Simon Kinberg in Development". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b Shaw, Lucas (April 3, 2013). "LucasArts to Cease Making Games, Will Lay Off Most of Staff". The Wrap. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ Neal, Ryan W. (April 3, 2013). "Disney Closes LucasArts, Video Game Arm of LucasFilm, Cancels Star Wars Games". International Business Times. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b "Disney to Shut LucasArts Videogame Unit". The Wall Street Journal. April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  30. ^ "EA takes helm from LucasArts, will exclusively develop future 'Star Wars' games". The Verge. May 6, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013. 
  31. ^ "We're probably all about EA". The International House of Mojo. May 6, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b Masters, Kim (October 30, 2012). "Tangled Rights Could Tie Up Ultimate 'Star Wars' Box Set (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  33. ^ a b "The Walt Disney Company FY 2013 SEC Form 10-K Filing" (PDF). The Walt Disney Company. November 20, 2013. p. 13. Retrieved April 17, 2015. Prior to the Company’s acquisition, Lucasfilm produced six Star Wars films (Episodes 1 through 6). Lucasfilm retained the rights to consumer products related to all of the films and the rights related to television and electronic distribution formats for all of the films, with the exception of the rights for Episode 4, which are owned by a third-party studio. All of the films are distributed by a third-party studio in the theatrical and home video markets. The theatrical and home video distribution rights for these films revert to Lucasfilm in May 2020 with the exception of Episode 4, for which these distribution rights are retained in perpetuity by the third-party studio. 
  34. ^ Kroll, Justin (December 6, 2013). "Disney Acquires Rights to Future 'Indiana Jones' Movies". Variety. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  35. ^ Faughnder, Ryan (December 6, 2013). "Disney acquires control of future 'Indiana Jones' movies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  36. ^ Clark, Noelene; Blake Hennon (January 3, 2014). "'Star Wars' comics leaving Dark Horse, returning to Marvel in 2015". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  37. ^ McMillan, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Lucasfilm Unveils New Plans for 'Star Wars' Expanded Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 25, 2014. While Lucasfilm always strived to keep the stories created for the EU consistent with our film and television content as well as internally consistent, [Franchise creator George Lucas] always made it clear that he was not beholden to the EU, 
  38. ^ a b McMillan, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Disney, Del Rey to Launch New 'Star Wars' Book Line". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Tiny Death Star Available For Android". The International House of Mojo. October 11, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  40. ^ Droege, DB. "The future of Star Wars comics under Disney". TG Daily. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Welcome to Lucasfilm". Lucasfilm Recruiting. Lucasfilm. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  42. ^ DiLeo, Adam (January 7, 2014). "Lucasfilm Ltd. / 7 Jan 2014 Lucasfilm Story Group to Ensure Star Wars Continuity Across All Platforms". IGN (Ziff Daviis). Retrieved December 22, 2015. 
  43. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (December 9, 2015). "Inside the 'Star Wars' Writers Room: Meet the 5 Architects of the Franchise". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 22, 2015. 
  44. ^ Shelby Hill, Steven Gaydos (September 30, 2011). "Accusations fly in Kerner bankruptcy". Variety. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  45. ^ Crabtree, Sheigh (June 12, 2002). "Lucas' THX stakes out new galaxy". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 11, 2002. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  46. ^ Hoppel, Adrian (March 20, 2013). "Law & Apple: iFone Defeats iPhone, THX Targets Apple". MacLife. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  47. ^ Rainey, James (July 7, 2015). "Han Solo to Get ‘Star Wars’ Standalone Film from ’21 Jump Street’ Directors". Variety. Retrieved July 8, 2015. 
  48. ^ Rebecca, Ford (August 15, 2015). "'Star Wars: Episode IX' Sets 'Jurassic World' Director Colin Trevorrow to Helm". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 16, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Steven Spielberg Enlists a Familiar Writer for 'Indiana Jones 5' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. March 18, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Spielberg and Ford Reunite as Indiana Jones Returns to Theaters July 19, 2019". The Walt Disney Company. March 15, 2016. Retrieved March 15, 2016. 
  51. ^ Vlessing, Etan (April 6, 2015). "'Star Wars' Movie Franchise Headed to Digital HD". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 

External links[edit]