Lucca Comics & Games

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Coordinates: 43°48′N 10°30′E / 43.8°N 10.5°E / 43.8; 10.5

Lucca Comics and Games
Lucca Comics 2007 San Michele.JPG
A Lucca Comics pavilion, near the San Michele in Foro basilica, in 2007.
Status active
Location(s) Lucca
Country Italy
Inaugurated 1965
Attendance 240,000 by 2014[1]
Organized by Comune of Lucca, through the limited company "Lucca Comics & Games Srl"[2]

Lucca Comics & Games is an annual comic book and gaming convention in Lucca, Tuscany, traditionally held at the end of October. It is the largest comics festival in Europe, and the second biggest in the world after the Comiket.


The Salone Internazionale del Comics ("International Congress of Comics") was launched by Rinaldo Traini and Romano Calisi (forming the International Congress of Cartoonists and Animators) in 1965[3] in Bordighera. In 1966 it moved to a small piazza in the center of Lucca, and grew in size and importance over the years.

Funding issues reduced the frequency of the festival to every two years, beginning in 1977. In the 1980s, the festival was moved to a sports center outside the city walls, where it remained until 1992, when it was moved to another city. (Funding issues also forced the cancellation of the 1988 festival.)

After the Salone internazionale del Comics ended in Lucca, city leaders launched a new convention called simply Lucca Comics that was a reprise of the old one. In 1996 it changed its name to Lucca Comics & Games. The festival attracted 50,000 attendees in 2002.

Meanwhile, the Salone internazionale del Comics was held in Rome from 1995 to 2005. In 2006, for the festival's 40th anniversary, the Salone merged with Lucca Comics & Games and moved back to Lucca's city center, with numerous tents and pavilions arranged in different squares within and outside the walls of the medieval city.

In 2014, the festival attracted 240,000 attendees.


Comics awards[edit]

From 1970–2005, the festival presented the Yellow Kid Award (de) — named in honor of Richard F. Outcault's seminal comic strip character The Yellow Kid — in such categories as Best Cartoonist, Best Illustrator, Best Newcomer, Best Foreign Artist, and Lifetime Achievement. Yellow Kid Awards were also presented to publishers, both domestic and foreign.

The festival also (since 1967) presents a special award called the Gran Guinigi Award (it) (named after Lucca's Guinigi Tower).

Yellow Kid Award recipients[edit]

Gran Guinigi recipients[edit]

Games awards[edit]


  1. ^ "La magia di Lucca Comics & Games batte tutti i record con 240 mila presenze". Lo Schermo Quotidiano. 2 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Lucca Comics & Games Srl - Chi siamo
  3. ^ "Lucca 9," Bang! #11 (1974), p. 55.
  4. ^ Nordling, Lee. Your Career in the Comics (Newspaper Features Council (U.S.)/Andrews McMeel Publishing, 1995), p. 235.
  5. ^ "History of the Lucca festival". 1972. Retrieved 15 July 2006.
  6. ^ "11° Salone Internationale del Comics, del Film di Animazione e dell'Illustrazione" (in Italian). 
  7. ^ Clute, John and John Grant. The Encyclopedia of Fantasy (Macmillan, 1999), p. 621
  8. ^ a b "13 Salone Internazionale dei Comics" (in Italian). Centro Studi Iconografici. 
  9. ^ Traini, Rinaldo (1982). "15° SALONE, 1982" (in Italian). Immagine-Centro Studi Iconografici. Archived from the original on 2011-02-11. 
  10. ^ Gilbert Hernandez entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928-1999. Accessed June 15, 2015.
  11. ^ "Hernandez Brothers Win Award," The Comics Journal #95 (Feb. 1985), p. 21.
  12. ^ Immagine-Centro Studi Iconografici. "16° SALONE INTERNAZIONALE DEI COMICS, 1984" (in Italian). 
  13. ^ a b "Bill Sienkiewicz Awards, Exhibits". Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "17° SALONE, 1986" (in Italian). Immagine-Centro Studi Iconografici. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Awards and Honors," Accessed June 16, 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d Origa, Graziano. "Lucca Exhibition is Un Grande Successo: Yellow Kid Awards for John Byrne, François Boucq, Frank Thomas, and Ollie Johnston," The Comics Journal #156 (Feb. 1993), p. 41.
  17. ^ Duncan, Randy, and Matthew J. Smith. Icons of the American Comic Book: From Captain America to Wonder Woman, vol. 1, (ABC-CLIO, 2013), p. 98
  18. ^ Centro Studi Iconografici. "5 Salone Internazionale dei Comics" (in Italian). 

External links[edit]