|Born||Lubertus Jacobus Swaanswijk
15 September 1924
|Died||10 May 1994
|Known for||Poetry, painting|
Lucebert's talent was discovered when he started working for his father after school. After half a year of art school, he chose to be homeless between 1938 and 1947. In 1947, a Franciscan convent offered him a roof over his head, in exchange for a huge mural painting. Because the nuns could not appreciate his work, they had it entirely painted over with white paint.
He belonged to the Dutch literary movement of De Vijftigers, which was greatly influenced by the European avant-garde movement COBRA. Lucebert's early work especially shows this influence, and his art in general reflects a rather pessimistic outlook on life.
His strong personality appealed to many. As a poet he laid foundation for revolutionary innovation in Dutch poetry.
Well known is his line "Alles van waarde is weerloos" from the poem De zeer oude zingt ("The very old one sings"). The adjective "weerloos" can mean "defenseless", "helpless", or "naked", so the meaning is "All things of value are defenseless/helpless/naked". This line was put on top of the office building of an insurance company in Rotterdam (near the Blaak station) in neon letters, including his name, sometime in the 1980s or earlier. It wasn't the first but is certainly the most prominent commercial use of the line; today three more buildings in the area display it on their walls. Similarly, written on the city's central library just across the street is "Heel de wereld is mijn vaderland - Erasmus", "All the world is my fatherland - Erasmus".
Lucerbert died on 10 May 1994 in Alkmaar, Netherlands.
Lucebert was also a noted anti-apartheid activist.
- 1949 - International Exhibition of Experimental Art, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1959 - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1961 - Stedelijk van Abbe-Museum, Eindhoven, Netherlands
- 1963 - Staedtlische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, Germany
- 1963 - Marlborough New London Gallery, London
- 1964 - Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam; Kunsthalle Baden-Baden
- 1964 - Documenta 111, Kassel, Germany
- 1969 - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
- 1969 - Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland - with Karel Appel and Tajiri
- 1977 - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1982 - Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany
- 1983 - Kunstverein Hochrhein, Bad Säckingen, Germany
- 1984 - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1985 - Rai, Kunstmesse Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1987 - Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1988 - Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Kunstverein Freiburg i.Br., Germany
- 1988 - Landesmuseum Oldenburg, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck, Austria
- 1989 - Kunsthalle zu Kiel, Germany
- 1989 - Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, Germany
- 1989 - Kunsthaus Grenchen, Grenchen, Switzerland
- 1954 - prize for literature from the city of Amsterdam
- 1959 - "Mediterranean Prize" of the Paris Biennale
- 1962 - 2nd "Marzotto Prize"
- 1964 - "Carlo Cardazzo" prize at the 32nd Biennale in Venice, Italy
- 1965 - "Constantijn Huygensprijs"
- 1967 - "P.C. Hooftprijs" - the highest Dutch Governmental prize for literature
- 1983 - "Prijs der Nederlandse Letteren" for Dutch literature
Among the public collections holding works by Lucebert Swaanswijk are:
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