Jump to content


Coordinates: 13°56′N 121°37′E / 13.93°N 121.62°E / 13.93; 121.62
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Lucena, Philippines)
City of Lucena
Clockwise from top left: St. Ferdinand Cathedral, Tayabas Capitol (Quezon Provincial Capitol), Quezon Avenue, Quezon Monument, Lucena Diversion Road Underpass, Port of Lucena
Flag of Lucena
Official seal of Lucena
  • "LC"
  • "Biofuel City"
  • "Cocopalm City of the South"
  • "The Gateway to the South"
  • "Entertainment Capital of Southern Luzon"
BOOM Lucena!
Anthem: Ang Lungsod ng Lucena
Map of Calabarzon with Lucena highlighted
Map of Calabarzon with Lucena highlighted
Lucena is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°56′N 121°37′E / 13.93°N 121.62°E / 13.93; 121.62
ProvinceQuezon (geographically only)
District 2nd district
FoundedNovember 3, 1879[1]
(de jure)
June 17, 1961[2]
(de facto)
August 20, 1961[3]
Highly urbanized cityJuly 1, 1991
Named forLucena, Córdoba, Spain
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMark Don Victor B. Alcala
 • Vice MayorRoderick A. Alcala
 • RepresentativeDavid C. Suarez
 • City Council
 • Electorate183,412 voters (2022)
 • Total80.21 km2 (30.97 sq mi)
61 m (200 ft)
Highest elevation
1,687 m (5,535 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census)[5]
 • Total278,924
 • Density3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income classFirst class, Highly Urbanized
 • Poverty incidence
% (2021)[6]
 • Revenue₱ 1,445 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 2,787 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 1,186 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 892.7 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4300, 4301
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Native languagesTagalog

Lucena (IPA: [lʊˈsɛna] loo-SEH-nɘ), officially the City of Lucena (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lucena), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the Calabarzon region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 278,924 people.[5]

It is the largest city and capital of Quezon Province wherein it is geographically situated and grouped under the province by the Philippine Statistics Authority, but in terms of government and administration, the city is politically independent from that province. It is one of the proposed metropolitan area in the Philippines. Metro Lucena is proposed to included the highly urbanized city of Lucena, as well as the towns of Candelaria, Dolores, Lucban, Pagbilao, Sampaloc, San Antonio, Sariaya, Tayabas and Tiaong.



Early history


In the 1570s, Captain Juan de Salcedo first explored what was then Kalilayan, later founded as a province in 1591. The Franciscan priests Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa between 1580 and 1583 founded its town, also named "Tayabas". Tayabas was organized by the Spaniards through the Franciscan missionaries and Lucena was just one of its barrios. Tayabas became the provincial capital in 1749, renaming the province after it.[7][8]

The Spaniards of the 16th century called the area "Buenavista" because of its scenic beauty; several years later, the barrio was renamed "Oroquieta". A century later, Muslim pirates began terrorizing the entire Philippine coastline, including Oroquieta. The barrio folks built forts along the seashores to defend it against the attacking pirates along the coast, particularly in the present-day Cotta and in Barangay Mayao, though these structures are no longer extant. Hence, the place became known as Cotta, the Spanish form of the Tagalog "kuta" ("fort"). The growth of local maritime trade facilitated in the Cotta port and the final defeat of Moro pirates plying the Luzon and Visayan waters, afforded the growth of Lucena as a town which eventually led to its being the provincial capital of Tayabas in 1901.

Finally on November 3, 1879, a royal decree was issued and the Orden Superior Civil officially adopted the name "Lucena" in honor of a Spanish friar by the name of Father Mariano Granja, who came from Lucena, Córdoba in Andalucia, Spain. Fr. Granja was responsible for the development of the barrio that became a Parish in 1881. Lucena became an independent municipality on June 1, 1882.[9]

During the 1896 Philippine Revolution, the people of Lucena showed their brand of patriotism. José Zaballero led the local revolutionists who were under the barrage of Spanish muskets. Later, Miguel Arguilles with Jose Barcelona as president formed a revolutionary government in Lucena.

After Aguinaldo proclaimed the nation's independence on June 12, 1898, in Kawit, Cavite, Gen. Miguel Malvar, as Commanding General for Southern Luzon, took over Tayabas province on August 15, 1898. Don Crisanto Marquez became Lucena's first elected Municipal president during the first Philippine Republic.

Filipino-American War

Aerial view of Lucena, circa 1930s to 40s

Lucena was involved in the Filipino-American War in 1899. The Americans established a civil government in the country, and on March 12, 1901, the provincial capital was transferred from Tayabas to Lucena.

World War II


On December 27, 1941, the Japanese Imperial Forces overran the city of Lucena (referred to by the locals as The Fall of Lucena), just 19 days after they set foot on Philippine soil. The Japanese wanted to strengthen their military presence in the region, sending units to capture key points in the town. The invasion was initially successful; however, the Japanese Imperial Forces would soon encounter stiff resistance from members of the local resistance and members of the Hunters ROTC.

The underground resistance movement was tenacious. Japanese Forces would be caught off-guard with surprise assaults which often resulted in fierce close-quarters combat. Constant assaults and logistical issues would take its toll on the Japanese forces.

By January 25, 1945, the Hunters ROTC guerrillas had penetrated into the town. Using their knowledge of the local surroundings to their advantage, they moved quickly in order prevent Japanese forces from organizing a proper defense. After a hard-fought offensive, the Filipino forces had successfully driven the Japanese out of Lucena. The people of Lucena would fortify their defenses in preparation for another assault. Attempts by the Japanese to re-establish their occupation of Lucena failed.

Tayabas province stood by and waited for the American Liberation forces and the Philippine Commonwealth troops, who would soon hand them their freedom on April 4, 1945.



Lucena was made into a chartered city through the efforts of then-Congressman Manuel S. Enverga of Quezon's 1st district. Republic Act No. 3271 lapsed into law on June 17, 1961, without the signature of then-President Carlos P. Garcia. The induction of its city officials led by then-Mayor Castro Profugo, as well as its formal inauguration took place on August 20, 1961, as formally stated on Section 90 of Republic Act No. 3271. On July 1, 1991, Lucena became a highly urbanized city, thereby making the city independent from the province.[10]


Iyam River in Cotta
Lucena from air

It is situated 130 kilometers (81 mi) south of Manila. The city proper is wedged between two rivers, Dumacaa River on the east and Iyam River on the west. Seven other rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. Its port on the coast along Tayabas Bay is home to several boat and ferry lines operating and serving the sea lanes between Lucena and the different points in the region and as far as the Visayas.

Being the provincial capital and former Government Center of the former Southern Tagalog Region, Lucena is host to most of the branches of governmental agencies, businesses, banks and service facilities in the Southern Tagalog region.



Lucena is politically subdivided into 33 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Barangay 1 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 2 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 3 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 4 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 5 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 6 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 7 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 8 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 9 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 10 (Poblacion)
  • Barangay 11 (Poblacion)
  • Barra
  • Bocohan
  • Cotta
  • Gulang-Gulang
  • Dalahican
  • Domoit
  • Ibabang Dupay
  • Ibabang Iyam
  • Ibabang Talim
  • Ilayang Dupay
  • Ilayang Iyam
  • Ilayang Talim
  • Isabang
  • Market View
  • Mayao Castillo
  • Mayao Crossing
  • Mayao Kanluran
  • Mayao Parada
  • Mayao Silangan
  • Ransohan
  • Salinas
  • Talao-Talao


Climate data for Lucena
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 28
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22
Average rainfall mm (inches) 146.2
Average rainy days 22 16 14 10 16 18 20 20 21 24 26 26 233
Source: World Weather Online[11]

Lucena falls under Type III of the Corona's climatic classification system.[12] It is characterized by no pronounced wet and dry seasons. Generally, the wet season is from June to November and sometimes extends up to December when the southwest monsoon is predominant. The dry season is from January to May but is sometimes interrupted by erratic rainfall. The annual mean temperature is 27 °C (81 °F), with February as the coldest month with temperatures dropping to 20 °C (68 °F), and May as the warmest month with temperatures reaching up to 35 °C (95 °F). Habagat monsoon winds pass through the province from June to October while northeasterly winds or Amihan blows through the islands from December to February.


Population census of Lucena
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,375—    
1918 12,108+1.72%
1939 21,675+2.81%
1948 33,092+4.81%
1960 49,264+3.37%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 77,006+4.56%
1975 92,336+3.71%
1980 107,880+3.16%
1990 150,624+3.39%
1995 177,750+3.15%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 196,075+2.13%
2007 236,390+2.61%
2010 246,392+1.52%
2015 266,248+1.49%
2020 278,924+0.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[13][14][15][16]



Poverty incidence of Lucena


Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

Retail and commerce

Downtown Merchan Street in Poblacion (Bayan)

Economic activities in Lucena are heavily concentrated in the poblacion and other suburban barangays where the highly dense and constricted central business district (CBD) is home to a large cluster of different business enterprises. As population grows in tandem with new and promising business prospects, business activities spill over adjoining barangays, thus forming mini satellite commercial areas.

Other commercial strips are located in the poblacion and suburban barangays where both retail and wholesale trade, including other essential services, are being engaged in. Lucena City features SM City Lucena, the biggest mall in the city located in Ibabang Dupay, which is also one of the first SM Malls in Luzon. Other Shopping Centers include Pacific Mall Lucena (Metro Gaisano Mall), SM Savemore Agora, and Puregold Gulang-Gulang Lucena.



Big factories and warehouses are present in these suburban barangays like San Miguel Brewery, Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines, Inc., PepsiCo Philippines, Inc., Asia Brewery, Inc. Nestlé Philippines, and Ginebra San Miguel, Inc. (formerly La Tondeña Distillers Inc.), do business in sales, distribution, and transport of assorted business products in bulk.

Of the total 8,316.90 ha (20,551.5 acres) land area of Lucena City, 19.86% or 1,651.77 hectares (4,081.6 acres) cover the existing built-up area. Almost 0.56% of this or 46.62 hectares (115.2 acres) cover the industrial section, located in different barangays of the city. These areas are home to significant industrial and manufacturing activities.

Industry in Lucena produces a sustainable amount of agro-industrial-based products, dried and smoked fish, distilled liquors, bamboo and rattan furniture, ornamental flowers/plants, vegetable as well as meat products.

Lucena is also known as the "Cocopalm City of the South". Nestled midst a wide expanse of coconut lands, Lucena has coconut oil mills which produce oil-based household products like cooking oil, soap, lard, margarine, and oil-based medicines. Exora Cooking Oil and Vegetable Lard and Miyami Cooking Oil are proudly made in this city. Tantuco Industries, JnJ Oil Industries, Inc., and Monaco Oil Company are some of the well-known coconut oil companies in the city.

Car assembly and manufacturing plants have also established in the city, while Manila-based car shops are starting to put up some branches like Toyota-Lucena, Isuzu-Lucena, SFM-Lucena, and Foton Motor.

San Pedro Shipping Yard, a subsidiary of MSLI, is also located in Dalahican.

Places of interest

Quezon Convention Center
Perez Park

Road network provides access from all key cities and towns in the island of Luzon to this highly urbanized city. Well-paved radial and by-pass routes criss-crossing in and out of the city facilitate the transport of unlimited assortment of merchandise, supplies, and raw materials to and from the city on a round-the-clock basis.

Over the years, it was observed that a growing number of visitors from other places come to Lucena. Travelers of various types and sizes are drawn to Lucena because of modern facilities and good amenities that could be found in the city such as the Quezon Convention Center when the City of Lucena hosted the 2004 SEABA Under-18 Championship qualifying tournament for the 2004 FIBA Asia Under-18 Championship in India, Kalilayan Civic Centre, Sentro Pastoral Auditorium, Alcala Sports Complex a two time host of a Palarong Pambansa (1976, 1989), Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation Gymnasium, Sacred Heart College Gymnasium, and Marcial Punzalan Gymnasium.

Historical sites and tourist attractions

  • Lucena Botanical Garden & Arboretum
  • Orchids Country Farm
  • Perez Park
  • Quezon Convention Center
  • Saint Ferdinand Cathedral
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Parish Church
  • Talaba Eco Park[25]
  • Lucena City Promenade
  • Museo de Lucena
  • Port of Lucena[26]

Ancestral or heritage structures[27]

  • Cabana Ancestral House
  • Calixto (Zaballero) Ancestral House
  • Granja Panciteria
  • Governor's Mansion
  • Old Carlos Superdrug
  • Farmacia Chionglo
  • PNR Lucena Station



Festivals and celebrations


The city features various celebrations, and one of the most prominent is the festival of Pasayahan in Lucena.[28][29]

Pasayahan sa Lucena Grand Parade
A 28-second sample of the festival song of Pasayahan sa Lucena.

Pasayahan sa Lucena (month of May) is a secular festival conceptualized to showcase the natural and ecological interrelationship and independence between nature and man. This local festival is managed and hosted by the local government unit of Lucena.[30] It also promotes the ways of life inherent among the people of Lucena. Entertainment, cuisine, social drinking, dancing, live music, arts, and other leisure activities are traditionally included in the Pasayahan Festival.

The Grand Parade of Pasayahan, also known as Mardi Gras among the city’s more senior residents, is the main highlight of the Pasayahan. It features a parade of enormous and vibrant floats made by the participating businesses and groups, as well as street dancing, marching bands, a Pandong (hat) competition, and a gay-friendly Carnival Queen competition.[31]

The first Pasayahan in 1987 was a big triumph that it has become an annual affair. Year after year, the Pasayahan draws a sea of frolicking humanity. Pasayahan features the Chami Festival to promote Lucena’s very own native delicacies, the chami and tinapa. Other features, such as the Binibining Pasayahan, a street fashion show, a talent competition for LGBTQ youth, and other street concerts, take the stage in Pasayahan. Originally intended as three days of spirited merrymaking in the streets, the event has become a weeklong to monthlong tourist attraction.[32][33]

The celebration also coincides with the Feast of St. Ferdinand, one of the patrons of the Catholic churches in Lucena, celebrated every 30th of May.



Local government

Lucena City Government Complex
Old Lucena City Hall

As a highly urbanized city, Lucena is independent of the province, but its residents are still allowed by Section 452-C of the Local Government Code of 1991 and its city charter (Republic Act No. 3271) to vote and run in provincial government elections. The provincial government have no political jurisdiction over local transactions of the city government. Residents of this city can also vote and run for provincial board and congressional positions as the city is part of Quezon's 2nd legislative district.

Pursuant to the Local Government Code of 1991,[34] the city of Lucena is to be composed of a mayor (Punong Lungsod), a vice mayor (Pangalawang Punong Lungsod) and members (Kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Panlungsod alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Barangays are also headed by elected officials: Barangay Chairman, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. The barangays have SK federation which represents the barangay, headed by SK chairperson and whose members are called SK councilors. All officials are also elected every three years.

The current seat of the city government is the Lucena City Government Complex, located along Lucena Diversion Road in Mayao Kanluran, with some offices still located at the old Lucena City Hall in the poblacion.

Elected officials

City Government of Lucena
Mark Don Victor B. Alcala
Vice Mayor
Roderick A. Alcala
Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
Ryan Caezar E. Alcala Benito G. Brizuela Jr.
Danilo B. Faller Nicanor G. Pedro Jr.
Wilbert Mckinly L. Noche Jose Christian O. Ona
Patrick Norman E. Nadera Edwin J. Pureza
Americo Q. Lacerna Elizabeth U. Sio
ABC President
Jacinto A. Jaca
SK Federation President
Rolden C. Garcia

List of former chief executives


Head of the Municipality during the Spanish Occupation:

  • Jorge Zaballero (1896) (Captain Municipal)
  • Crisanto Márquez (First Municipal President of Lucena)

Municipal Presidents during the American Civil Government:

  • Gabriel Cord (1902–1903)
  • Gregorio Márquez (1903–1904)
  • Juan Carmona (1904–1906)
  • Venancio Queblar (1906–1910)
  • Feliciano Zoleta (1910–1912)
  • Fortunato Álvarez (1912–1916)
  • Pedro Nieva (1916–1919, 1919–1922)
  • José Nava (1922–1925)
  • Venancio Queblar (1925–1928)
  • Domingo Gamboa (1928–1931)
  • Fernando Barcelona (1931–1934)

Mayors under the Commonwealth Government:

  • Federico V. Márquez (1940–1943)
  • José Mendoza (1943–1944)
  • Teotimo Atienza (1944–1945)

Acting Mayors (After World War II):

  • Julian Zoleta (April 1945)
  • Federico Márquez (May 1945)
  • Honorio Abadilla (October 1946)

Elected Mayors:

  • Amando Zaballero (1947–1952)
  • Honorio Abadilla (1952–1955)
  • Casto T. Profugo (1955–1960, 1961–1963)
  • Mario L. Tagarao (1963–1967, 1967–1971, 1971–1981,1981–1986)
  • Euclides Abcede (May 1986 – November 1987) (appointed)
  • Romeo Mendoza (December 4–7, 1987) (appointed)
  • Julio T. Alzona (December 8, 1987 – February 7, 1988) (appointed)
  • Cesar Zaballero (February 8, 1988 – June 1992)
  • Ramon Y. Talaga, Jr. (1992–1995, 1995–1998)
  • Bernard G. Tagarao (1998 – May 12, 2000)
  • Ramon Y. Talaga, Jr. (May 13, 2000 – June 30, 2010)
  • Barbara "Ruby" C. Talaga (2010 – October 2012)[a]
  • Roderick "Dondon" A. Alcala (November 2012 – 2022)[37]
  • Mark Don Victor B. Alcala (2022–Present)
  1. ^ Substitute candidate for the position of Mayor in lieu of her husband Ramon Y. Talaga. As per Supreme Court's en banc decision, the high tribunal refused to issue a temporary restraining order (TRO) that would stop the Comelec from executing a ruling ordering her removal from office (RUBY TALAGA v. COMELEC and RODERICK ALCALA) G.R. No. 196804. The Comelec ruling orders Vice Mayor Roderick Alcala to take over as mayor by order of succession under the Local Government Code.[35][36]




Old Manila South Road



Lucena City has a central transportation hub called the Lucena Grand Central Terminal, located along Lucena Diversion Road in Barangay Ilayang Dupay. The terminal also hosts the Lucena City Land Transportation Office (LTO).

New and modern buses connect Lucena to Pasay, Quezon City, and Alabang in Muntinlupa, while UV Express and van routes connect to Taytay, Pililla, eastern Laguna, and other parts of Quezon, including Bondoc Peninsula towns. Bus companies such as JAC Liner, Lucena Lines, JAM Liner, DLTBCo and N. Dela Rosa Bus Lines bring passengers to Manila and Lucena back and forth.

Lucena also has a wide network of jeepney routes, all emanating from the city proper (Bayan) and reaching out to the major barangays of the city, as well as nearby towns. Thousands of tricycles also roam the streets of the city, bringing passengers right at their point of destination. These tricycles usually are the mode of transport when night falls. The South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) Toll Road 4 (TR-4) Extension from Santo Tomas, Batangas will end in Lucena City at the connection of Maharlika Highway at Barangay Mayao. It is supposed to be finished by 2019 but moved to 2022.

Furthermore, taxis as mode of transportation are available servicing passengers in this city.[38]

There is an expressway project to Bicol planned to extend the South Luzon Expressway to Matnog, Sorsogon as SLEX Toll Road 5.[39]


Lucena Airport runway in 2003

There exists a Lucena Airport (known locally as Landing), which is located west of the poblacion (bayan). However, it is no longer usable as light aircraft can no longer make use of it and a road was built as an intersection during the presidency of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.


A Philippine National Railways train at Lucena station

The Philippine National Railways (PNR) is on the process of rehabilitating the existing Manila-Bicol and Baguio-Bicol Railway Line, which includes stops in Quezon province, including PNR Lucena station, which traditionally then is a major loading and pick-up point for passengers and cargoes alike when the railway system was once the primary transportation mode going to Manila. Modern air-conditioned coaches will ply this route.

Despite undergoing renovation, Lucena station is still active, servicing passengers to and from San Pablo City daily.[40]


Gate to the Port of Lucena

The Passenger Ferry Terminal in Lucena has RORO vessels that transport passengers across Tayabas Bay to Marinduque, Romblon and Masbate.

The Port of Lucena, located in Dalahican, is known as the gateway and melting pot city of Southern Luzon.

The port complex, built along the fishing village of Barangay Talao-Talao, is a kilometer away to the east of Dalahican Fishing Port. The total port area of TMO Lustacena is 5,174.75 square meters (55,700.5 sq ft). Operational area of 576.00 square meters (6,200.0 sq ft) and commercial area of 4,598.75 square meters (49,500.5 sq ft) as delineated under Executive order No. 199 dated September 20, 1994, signed by then-President Fidel V. Ramos.

The port is accessible via the paved provincial road connecting the Dalahican Road and a rough causeway leading to the port. It is 27 nautical miles (50 km; 31 mi) to Dalahican, and 57 nautical miles (106 km; 66 mi) to Batangas City and sea distance to Manila is 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi). Passenger ferry services include Montenegro Shipping Lines and Star Horse Shipping Lines.[41]



Lucena City is served by landline and mobile phone companies like the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and Digitel Telecommunications (PLDT-Digitel). Major mobile phone providers in the area include Globe, Smart, DITO Telecommunity, and Asian Vision. Wi-Fi providers like Converge ICT also operate within the city.


Quezon Medical Center

Lucena has private and public hospitals. Both types of institutions are considered to provide the same standard of healthcare and services, differing mainly with the medical and diagnostic facilities.

Here are the hospitals available in the city:

  • Lucena United Memorial District Hospital, 178 Merchan Street
  • Lucena MMG General Hospital, Maharlika Highway, Ibabang Dupay
  • Mt. Carmel Diocesan General Hospital, Allarey Extension
  • Lucena United Doctors Hospital and Medical Center, Barangay Isabang
  • St. Anne General Hospital, 51 Gomez Street
  • Quezon Medical Center (Quezon Memorial Hospital), QMC Compound, Quezon Avenue
  • St. Mary's Hospital, Quezon Avenue
  • Quezon MMG Medical Plaza, Quezon Avenue


The main building of Quezon National High School

In 2006, the city had a literacy rate of 98.6 percent. Lucena City has numerous tertiary and secondary schools, including public and private. The tertiary education system in Lucena provides instruction and training in fields of study, both for baccalaureate degrees and vocational courses.

Institutions offering degree programs including Liberal Arts, Arts and Sciences, Engineering, and Information Technology include the Lucena Campus of Southern Luzon State University, STI College Lucena, ABE International College of Business and Economics, Philtech Institute of Arts and Technology Inc. (PIAT), Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation, City College of Lucena, Columbus College-Lucena, AMA Computer College-Lucena,Maryhill College, Sacred Heart College (Lucena) (the oldest Catholic school in Quezon), the International School of Better Beginnings (ISBB), and Educational Foundation, Inc.

Aside from tertiary schools, the city also has an expanse footprint on the pre-school, primary and secondary levels of education, both in public and private schools such as the Infant Jesus Montessori Center Philippines (IJMCP), Saint Philomena School, International School for Better Beginnings (ISBB), and the Holy Rosary Catholic School. There are numerous day-care centers found all over the city.

Notable personalities


Sister cities



  1. ^ Alas, Pepe (November 3, 2018). "Foundation date of Lucena City: when was it, really?". EL FILIPINISMO. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  2. ^ "An Act Creating the City of Lucena". thecorpusjuris.com. November 26, 2015. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  3. ^ Mallari, Delfin T. Jr. (2022-08-11). "August 20 a non-working holiday in Lucena City". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  4. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  6. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2 April 2024. Retrieved 28 April 2024.
  7. ^ "History of Quezon Province". Provincial Government of Quezon. Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  8. ^ Ramos, Lily O. (July 18, 2012). "Quezon province's impressive historical and cultural heritage". Balita.ph. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  9. ^ "About Lucena City – Lucena City". Retrieved 2023-11-01.
  10. ^ "Official Week in Review: August 20 – August 26, 1961 | GOVPH". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines.
  11. ^ "Average High/Low Temperature for Lucena City, Philippines". World Weather Online. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  12. ^ Corporal-Lodangco, Irenea L.; Leslie, Lance M. (2017). "Defining Philippine Climate Zones Using Surface and High-Resolution Satellite Data". Procedia Computer Science. 114 (2017): 324–332. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2017.09.068. hdl:10453/126897. Philippine climate zones traditionally were classified from a rain-gauge network, using the Modified Coronas Classification (MCC). MCC uses average monthly rainfall totals to define four climate zones: Types I-IV. Types I and III have wet and dry seasons, whereas Types II and IV have wet seasons but no dry seasons.
  13. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  15. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  18. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  19. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  20. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  21. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  23. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  24. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2 April 2024. Retrieved 28 April 2024.
  25. ^ "Lucena City Guide". Lamudi. 2022-03-04. Retrieved 2024-01-28.
  26. ^ "Tourism – Lucena City". Retrieved 2024-01-28.
  27. ^ rvnogie. "Cultural Mapping of Ancestral Houses in Lucena City - IIARI". Retrieved 2024-04-05.
  28. ^ "Fiestas in Lucena City | Lucenahin | Lucena City Community Website". Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  29. ^ "Tourism – Lucena City". Retrieved 2024-01-28.
  30. ^ "Pasayahan sa Lucena – Lucena City". Retrieved 2024-06-26.
  31. ^ Layug, Benjamin (2019-06-27). "The Mardi Gras of the Philippines | Benjamin Layug". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 2024-06-26.
  32. ^ "Pasayahan Sa Lucena 2013 | Lucenahin | Lucena City Community Website". Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  33. ^ "Pasayahan sa Lucena – Lucena City". Retrieved 2024-01-24.
  34. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  35. ^ BERSAMIN, LUCAS P. "TALAGA v. COMELEC". The LAWPhil Project. Arellano Law Fovndation.
  36. ^ Araneta, Sandy (June 12, 2011). "SC orders removal of Lucena City mayor". The Philippine Star. philstar GLOBAL. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  37. ^ "Lucena City Mayors from 1896 to Present | Lucenahin | Lucena City Community Website".
  38. ^ "First taxi operation in Lucena City launched". October 4, 2022.
  39. ^ "TRB Declares South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) Toll Road 5 And Pasig River Expressway Projects As Toll Road Projects". DOTr. August 5, 2020. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  40. ^ "PNR San Pablo-Lucena route re-opened". June 25, 2022.
  41. ^ "Port Management of Batangas - TMO Lucena". Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2012., TMO Lucena
  42. ^ Abigan, Abigail (May 31, 2016). "Viral Badjao girl receives financial support for her education". Rappler. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  43. ^ Geli, Bianca; Alegre, Dianara (February 23, 2019). "Where is "Badjao Girl" Rita Gaviola now?". GMA Entertainment. GMA Network. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  44. ^ LASTRILLA, GARY ANN. "Wow! 'Badjao Girl' Rita Gaviola looks every inch the model in her latest Instagram photos". ABS-CBN Push. ABS CBN. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  45. ^ Abanes, Mariel. "In Focus: Ex PBB Housemate Mitch Talao's Life As A Trans Mom". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN Corporation. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  46. ^ RODRIGUEZ, KING. "President Rodrigo Roa Duterte administers the oath to the officers of the Malacañang Press Corps, Presidential Photojournalists Association, and Malacañang Cameramen Association during a ceremony at the Malacañan Palace on September 10, 2019". Presidential Communications Operations Office. GOV.PH. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  47. ^ "NEW PNPA DIRECTOR's PRIORITY PROGRAMS". PIO Lakan / CCPNPA IT Club. March 3, 2021.
  48. ^ Caliwan, Christopher Lloyd. "Binag named new PNP directorial staff chief". Philippine News Agency. News and Information Bureau (NIB). Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  49. ^ "Lucena City, General Santos City forge sisterhood agreement". August 23, 2022.
Preceded by Capital of Quezon
Capital of Tayabas (until 1946)