Tapahonso at Diné College in 2011
|Born||November 8, 1953
Shiprock, New Mexico, USA
|Occupation||Writer, university lecturer|
|Education||B.A., English, U. of New Mexico|
|Subject||Native American Studies|
Early life and education
Born on the Navajo reservation in Shiprock, New Mexico to Eugene Tapahonso Sr. (Tódichʼíinii or Bitterwater Clan) and Lucille Deschenne Tapahonso (Áshįįhí or Saltwater Clan), Luci Tapahonso was raised in a traditional way along with 11 siblings. English was not spoken on the family farm, and Tapahonso learned it as a second tongue after her native Navajo. Following schooling at Navajo Methodist School in Farmington, New Mexico, she attended Shiprock High School and graduated in 1971. She embarked on a career as a journalist and investigative reporter before beginning her studies at the University of New Mexico in 1976. There she first met the novelist and poet Leslie Marmon Silko, who was a faculty member and who proved to be an important influence on Tapahonso's early writing. She initially intended to study journalism at New Mexico, but Silko convinced her to change her major to creative writing. She earned her bachelor's degree in 1980. In 1983, Tapahonso gained her MA in Creative Writing, and she has gone on to teach, first at New Mexico and later at the University of Kansas and now at the University of Arizona.
Silko helped Tapahonso publish her first story, "The Snake Man", in 1978. Her first collection of poetry, One More Shiprock Night (assembled when she was still an undergraduate), was published in 1981, but did not make much impact. Following Silko's lead, Tapahonso's early work is often mystical and places much importance on the idea of the feminine as a source of power and balance in the world. She also frequently uses her family and childhood friends in her poetry. Several more collections followed, as well as many individual poems which have been anthologized in others' collections, activist literature, and writing in magazines.
Her 1993 collection Saánii Dahataal (the women are singing), written in Navajo and English, was the first to gain her an international reputation, a reputation then cemented by 1997's blue horses rush in.
Tapahonso's writing, unlike that of most Native American writers, is a translation from original work she has created in her tribe's native tongue. Her Navajo work includes original songs and chants designed for performance. For this reason, her English work is strongly rhythmic and uses syntactical structures unusual in English language poetry.
- Lifetime Achievement Award, Native Writers' Circle of the Americas, 2006
- Wordcraft Circle Storyteller of the Year (Readings/Performance) Award, 1999
- Award for Best Poetry from the Mountains and Plain's Booksellers Association, 1998
- New Mexico Eminent Scholar award, New Mexico Commission of Higher Education, 1989
- Excellent Instructor Award, U. of New Mexico, 1985
- American Book Awards, Honorable Mention, 1983
- Southwestern Association of Indian Affairs Literature Fellowship, 1981
- List of writers from peoples indigenous to the Americas
- List of Native American women of the United States
- N. Scott Momaday
- Joy Harjo
- Paula Gunn Allen
- Simon J. Ortiz
- Sherwin Bitsui
- Irvin Morris
- Tillett, Rebecca (1 August 2001). "Luci Tapahonso". The Literary Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Tapahonso, Luci 1953-". lccn.loc.gov. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Luci Tapahonso Named as Navajo Nation's First Poet Laureate". Indian Country Today Media Network. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Sonneborn, Liz (2007). A to Z of American Indian Women. A to Z of Women. Facts on File. ISBN 978-0816066940.
- Dunaway, David King; Sara Spurgeon (2003). Writing the Southwest. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0826323378.
- Velie, Alan R.; Jennifer McClinton-Temple (2007). Encyclopedia of American Indian Literature. Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Literature. Facts on File. ISBN 978-0816056569.
- Farah, Cynthia (1988). Literature and Landscape: Writers of the Southwest. El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press. p. 132. ISBN 0874042062.