|Pope Pius XIII|
|Church||True Catholic Church|
|Papacy began||24 October 1998|
|Papacy ended||30 November 2009|
|Birth name||Earl Pulvermacher|
|Born||20 April 1918|
Rock, Wood County, Wisconsin, United States
|Died||30 November 2009 (aged 91)|
Springdale, Stevens County, Washington, United States
Lucian Pulvermacher (born Earl Pulvermacher, 1918–2009) was a traditionalist schismatic Roman Catholic priest. He was the head of the "True Catholic Church", a small conclavist group that elected him Pope Pius XIII in Montana in October 1998. At the time of his death, he resided in Springdale, Washington, United States.
Life and career
In 1942, at the age of 24, he joined the Capuchin Order, taking the religious name Lucian. He was subsequently ordained to the priesthood on June 5, 1946. At first he was posted to a parish in Milwaukee, but in 1948 he was sent to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. He spent the greater part of his career as a Capuchin (from 1948 to 1970) as a missionary priest in the Ryukyu Islands, including Okinawa. In 1970, he was transferred from Japan to Queensland in Australia, where he continued his missionary work until his disillusionment with the changes that followed the Second Vatican Council of 1962–1965.
In January 1976 he left the Capuchin Order and returned to the United States to join forces with traditionalist priest Conrad Altenbach in Milwaukee. "I was without money," he later remembered, "without a home or anything. The few things I brought along with me I could carry in two bags." He left what he called "the Novus Ordo, bogus Council Vatican II Church" and began to collaborate with the Society of Saint Pius X, which rejected Vatican II, until he distanced himself from them as he adopted more extreme sedevacantist views. He later wrote that he had spent eight months "with the general Latin Mass traditionalists until I saw there was no unity. Hence, I am alone on the job here in the States since August 1976."
From 1976 on, Pulvermacher resided with his parents in Pittsville, Wisconsin, celebrating Mass in the traditional rite in private chapels, until 1992, when he moved his ministry to Antigo, Wisconsin. By 1995 he had adopted conclavist views. In 1998 he moved to Kalispell, Montana, invited to say Mass in a chapel there.
In October 1998 a group of sedevacantist lay Catholics met in Kalispell, intending to constitute a conclave for a papal election. They elected him, and he adopted the title of "Pope Pius XIII". From Montana he issued statements, appointed advisors as cardinals, and performed ordination rites. After 2005, he made no more public statements as his health declined.
- Sedevacantism for a more general discussion of this phenomenon
- David Bawden and Manuel Corral for other conclavist claimants to the papacy
- Popes John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul I, John Paul II and Benedict XVI, whose papal reigns "Pope Pius XIII" claimed to be illicit and invalid.
- Perrin, Luc (2013). "La question de l'autorité dans le traditionalisme catholique". Revue des Sciences Religieuses (in French) (87/1): 61–76. doi:10.4000/rsr.1306. ISSN 0035-2217.
Quelques sédévacantistes ont poussé leur logique jusqu’à devenir des antipapes, tel le P. Lucian Pulvermacher ofm cap (1918-2009), entré en dissidence en 1976 d’abord au côté de la F.S.SP. X avant d’en être éloigné et de se faire élire par un micro-conclave en 1998 en tant que Pie XIII.
- Joseph P. Laycock (3 November 2014). The Seer of Bayside: Veronica Lueken and the Struggle to Define Catholicism. Oxford University Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-19-937967-5.
Father Lucian Pulvermacher of Springdale, Montana, argued that Paul VI's predecessor, John XXIII, had defected to Freemasonry during a secret ceremony held in Turkey in 1935. On October 24, 1994, Pulvermacher was "elected" pope by a conclave consisting primarily of his own family and held in rural Montana.
- Christopher Hodapp; Alice Von Kannon (4 February 2011). Conspiracy Theories and Secret Societies For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 318. ISBN 978-1-118-05202-0.
Father Lucian Pulvermacher, know to his flock as Pope Pius XIII... Pulvermacher was elected pope on October 24, 1994, in a conclave held in rural Montana.
- "Parents and Siblings of His Holiness Pope Pius XIII", trueCarpentry.org .
- "His Holiness Pope Pius XIII". truecatholic.us. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2010.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- The Messenger, vol. 9, no. 3 (March 1946)
- Catholic Answers: Karl's E-Letter of April 6, 2004 (archived copy)
- Magnus Lundberg (15 May 2016). "Modern Alternative Popes: Pius XIII". Retrieved 23 August 2018.
- Warnung vor "Papst Pius XIII." - KzM(letter of Pulvermacher quoted on German sedevacantist website)
- "Biography on True Catholic website". Retrieved 2018-08-23.
- Thomas J. Craughwell (February 23, 2013). "We Have An American Pope!". The American Spectator. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
- "Death of A Pope". Stumbling After Francis.
- "RIP: Pius XIII". A Minor Friar.