|Date of birth||January 13, 1947|
|Place of birth||Ponsacco, Italy|
|Playing position||Manager (former striker)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Chiarugi started his career with ACF Fiorentina, being part of the lineup that won the 1968–69 Serie A title. After seven seasons with the viola, Chiarugi moved to AC Milan in 1972, being instrumental to the rossoneri triumph in the 1972–73 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, won thanks to a goal by him in the final match against Leeds United.
In 1976 he was sold to Napoli in an exchange bid with Giorgio Braglia. He played two seasons with the azzurri, winning a Coppa Italia and an Anglo-Italian Cup. He played for Serie B team Sampdoria in 1978–79, and then back to Serie A with Bologna the following season. After spells with minor league teams Rimini, Rondinella and Massese, Chiarugi retired from football in 1986.
Known in Italian football for his impetuous nature which gained him the nickname Cavallo Pazzo (Crazy Horse), he was also popularly considered as a diver, causing the Italian media to create the Italian neologism chiarugismo, a synonym of "football diving", after his name.
After his retirement as a player in 1986, Chiarugi joined Fiorentina youth team coaching staff. In his career, he served as Fiorentina caretaker coach three times. Late in the 1992–93 season, Chiarugi (jointly with Giancarlo Antognoni) replaced Aldo Agroppi with little fortune, as he did not manage to save them from relegating to Serie B after 54 consecutive seasons in the top flight. On February 2001, following the dismissal of Fatih Terim, Chiarugi was installed as caretaker coach for a single match, a 2–1 loss to Bari, before the appointment of Roberto Mancini. Chiarugi was appointed again as caretaker coach during the dramatic 2001–02 season ended with relegation to Serie B and the successive club cancellation due to financial troubles.
- "CHIARUGI LUCIANO. Convocazioni e presenze in campo" (in Italian). FIGC.it. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "La Storia della Fiorentina" (in Italian). ACF Fiorentina. 2006-01-23. Retrieved 2007-10-28.[dead link]
- "Il Bari beffa la Fiorentina, il dopo Terim parte male" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 2001-03-04. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "UFFICIALE: il Poggibonsi sceglie Chiarugi" (in Italian). TuttoMercatoWeb. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- "Poggibonsi Esonerato Luciano Chiarugi" (in Italian). Yahoo! Eurosport Italia. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-11-12.[dead link]