Lucida (pronunciation: //) is an extended family of related typefaces designed by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes and released from 1984 onwards. The family is intended to be extremely legible when printed at small size or displayed on a low-resolution display – hence the name, from 'lucid' (clear or easy to understand).
There are many variants of Lucida, including serif (Fax, Bright), sans-serif (Sans, Sans Unicode, Grande, Sans Typewriter) and scripts (Blackletter, Calligraphy, Handwriting). Many are released with other software, most notably Microsoft Office.
Bigelow & Holmes, together with the (now defunct) TeX vendor Y&Y, extended the Lucida family with a full set of TeX mathematical symbols, making it one of the few typefaces that provide full-featured text and mathematical typesetting within TeX. Lucida is still licensed commercially through the TUG store as well through their own web store. The fonts are occasionally updated.
The Lucida fonts have a large x-height (tall lower-case letters), open apertures and quite widely spaced letters, classic features of fonts designed for legibility in body text. Capital letters were designed to be somewhat narrow and short in order to make all-caps acronyms blend in. Bigelow has said in interview that the characters were designed based on hand-drawn bitmaps to see what parts of letters needed to be clear in bitmap, before creating outlines that would render as clear bitmaps. The fonts include ligatures, but these are not needed for text, allowing use on simplistic typesetting systems. x-heights are consistent between the fonts. Hinting was used to allow onscreen display.
A family of fonts containing arrows.
A family of cursive blackletter fonts released in 1992.
Based on Lucida Serif, it features more contrasted strokes and serifs.
The font was first used as the text face for Scientific American magazine, and its letter-spacing was tightened to give it a slightly closer fit for use in two and three column formats.
A script font family, released in 1992 and developed from Chancery cursive. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released additional weights in normal and narrow widths.
A casual font, released in 1994. Similar to Lucida Handwriting, but without connecting strokes. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released additional weights in normal and narrow widths.
A variant of Lucida Sans Typewriter with smaller line spacing, and added WGL4 character set. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes released bold weights and italics in normal and narrow widths. From Windows 2000 until Windows 7, it has been the default font for Notepad. Lucida Console is a monospaced font.
A slab serif font family released in 1992. Derived from Lucida, and specifically designed for telefaxing.
A font, released in 1992, designed to resemble informal cursive handwriting with modern plastic-tipped or felt-tipped pens or markers. In 2014, Bigelow & Holmes added additional weights and widths to the family.
A family of fonts for mathematical expressions. Lucida Math Extension contains only mathematical symbols. Lucida Math Italic contains Latin characters from Lucida Serif Italic, but with smaller line spacing, and added Greek letters. Lucida Math contains mathematical symbols, and blackletter (from Lucida Blackletter) and script letters in (from Lucida Calligraphy Italic) Letterlike Symbols region.
First released in March 2012, this collection includes OpenType math fonts in regular and bold weights, and Lucida Bright, Lucida Sans Typewriter, and Lucida Sans text fonts in the usual four variants (regular, italic, bold, bold italic). The regular math font includes an entirely new math script alphabet in Roundhand style, among other new characters. The Lucida Bright text fonts include Unicode Latin character blocks including Basic Latin, Latin-1, and Latin Extended-A characters for American, Western European, Central European, Turkish, and other Latin-based orthographies.
A family of sans-serif fonts complementing Lucida Serif. The italic is a "true italic" rather than a "sloped roman", inspired by chancery cursive handwriting of the Italian renaissance, which Bigelow and Holmes studied while at Reed College in the 1960s.
A version of Lucida Sans with expanded character sets. It supports Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Arabic, Hebrew, Thai scripts. System font for macOS until version 10.10. It was used in the end credits of Dinosaur Train before they changed it to Arial in 2019.
Lucida Sans Typewriter
Also called Lucida Typewriter Sans, this is a sans-serif monospaced font family, designed for typewriters. Its styling is reminiscent of Letter Gothic and Andalé Mono; a variant, Lucida Console , replaced those two fonts on Microsoft Windows systems.
Lucida Sans Unicode
Based on Lucida Sans Regular, this version added characters in Arrows, Block Elements, Box Drawing, Combining Diacritical Marks, Control Pictures, Currency Symbols, Cyrillic, General Punctuation, Geometric Shapes, Greek and Coptic, Hebrew, IPA Extensions, Latin Extended-A, Latin Extended-B, Letterlike Symbols, Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Symbols, Miscellaneous Technical, Spacing Modifier Letters, Superscripts and Subscripts regions.
The original Lucida font designed in 1985, featuring a thickened serif. It was simply called Lucida when it was first released.
Lucida Typewriter Serif
Also called Lucida Typewriter, this font is a slab serif mono-spaced version of Lucida Fax, but with wider serifs. The letters are wider than Lucida Sans Typewriter.
Lucida Console is used in various parts of Microsoft Windows. From Windows 2000 until Windows 7, Lucida Console is used as the default typeface of Notepad. In Windows 2000 until Windows 7, and in Windows CE, Lucida Console is used as the typeface of the Blue Screen of Death. Lucida Grande, as well as Lucida Sans Demibold (identical outlines to Lucida Grande Bold but with tighter spacing of numerals), were used as the primary user interface font in Apple Inc.'s Mac OS X operating system until OS X Yosemite, as well as many programs including Front Row. Lucida is also used in the logo for Air Canada. A collection of Lucida variants are included in the Oracle JRE 9. Lucida Calligraphy was used in the logo for Gladden Entertainment.
In April 2012, Lucida Sans was selected by GfK Blue Moon as the font for a package design as part of a proposed law in Australia banning logos on cigarette packaging. The proposed law requires cigarettes to be sold in dark olive-brown packages that depict graphic images of the effects of smoking and the cigarette's brand printed in Lucida Sans. According to Tom Delaney, a senior designer with New York design consultant Muts & Joy, "Lucida Sans is one of the least graceful sans-serif typefaces designed. It’s clumsy in its line construction." In August 15, 2012, the Australian government approved the ban on cigarette logos, effectively replacing them with the unattractive packaging.
- Wells, John (2008-05-02). "World atlas of language structures". John Wells’s phonetic blog. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
- Bigelow; Holmes. "How and Why We Designed Lucida". Lucida Fonts. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- Wang, Yue (2013). "Interview with Charles Bigelow" (PDF). TUGboat. 34 (2): 136–167. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- Bigelow, Charles; Holmes, Kris (2009) . "The design of Lucida: an integrated family of types for electronic literacy". In van Vliet, J.C. (ed.). Text Processing and Document Manipulation: Proceedings of the International Conference, University of Nottingham, 14-16 April 1986 (reprint). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–17. ISBN 9780521110310.
- "Lucida fonts - TeX Users Group". tug.org.
- "Lucida Font Store - Home". lucidafonts.com.
- "Restore Windows Notepad to the Default Font or Settings • Raymond.CC". Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Lucida Sans descriptions
- "Supported Fonts". Oracle. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Boyle, Matthew (2012-04-22). "Consumers Buy Death in Australia's Cigarette Packaging Law". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
- McGuirk, Rod (2012-08-15). "AP News: Australian Court OKs Ban on Cigarette Packs". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lucida.|
- Lucida and TeX (TeX Users Group)
- Lucida Font Family Group - by Kris Holmes, Charles Bigelow (Linotype corporation)
- Notes on Lucida, by Charles Bigelow
- Lucida Family Overview by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes
- Lucida Calligraphy Text Samples - Thin, Lite, Normal, Bold, UltraBlack
- Lucida Handwriting Text Samples - Thin, Lite, Normal, Bold, UltraBlack
- Lucida Casual Text Samples - Thin, Lite, Normal, Bold, UltraBlack
- Lucida Grande Text Samples - Light, Normal, Bold, Black
- Lucida OpenType font set
- Lucida Bright Math OT
- Ulrik Vieth and Mojca Miklavec, Another incarnation of Lucida: Towards Lucida OpenType, TUGboat, Volume 32 (2011), No. 2
- All Lucida fonts by Charles Bigelow and Kris Holmes
- Interview with Charles Bigelow (Yue Wang)